Keywords
Last Name

Elke Muhlberger, PhD

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionBoston University School of Medicine
DepartmentMicrobiology
Address72 E. Concord St Instructional (L)
Boston MA 02118
Phone(617) 638-0336
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0003-3547-9376
Other Positions
TitleGraduate Faculty (Primary Mentor of Grad Students)
InstitutionBoston University School of Medicine, Division of Graduate Medical Sciences

 Research Expertise & Professional Interests
Virologist;
Expert in molecular biology of Marburg and Ebola viruses and other highly pathogenic viruses;
Experienced in BSL4 work;
Focus on virus-host interaction.

 Self-Described Keywords
  • Biosafety level 4 work
  • Ebola virus
  • Hemorrhagic fever viruses
  • host-virus interaction
  • Marburg virus
  • Replication of negative sense RNA viruses
  • SARS-coronavirus
  • Transcription of negative sense RNA viruses
 Publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
List All   |   Timeline
  1. Olejnik J, Forero A, Deflubé LR, Hume AJ, Manhart WA, Nishida A, Marzi A, Katze MG, Ebihara H, Rasmussen AL, Mühlberger E. Ebolaviruses associated with differential pathogenicity induce distinct host responses in human macrophages. J Virol. 2017 Mar 22. PMID: 28331091.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Nelson EV, Schmidt KM, Deflubé LR, Doganay S, Banadyga L, Olejnik J, Hume AJ, Ryabchikova E, Ebihara H, Kedersha N, Ha T, Mühlberger E. Ebola Virus Does Not Induce Stress Granule Formation during Infection and Sequesters Stress Granule Proteins within Viral Inclusions. J Virol. 2016 Aug 15; 90(16):7268-84. PMID: 27252530.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Hume AJ, Ames J, Rennick LJ, Duprex WP, Marzi A, Tonkiss J, Mühlberger E. Inactivation of RNA Viruses by Gamma Irradiation: A Study on Mitigating Factors. Viruses. 2016 Jul 22; 8(7). PMID: 27455307.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Wilson MR, Fedewa G, Stenglein MD, Olejnik J, Rennick LJ, Nambulli S, Feldmann F, Duprex WP, Connor JH, Mühlberger E, DeRisi JL. Multiplexed Metagenomic Deep Sequencing To Analyze the Composition of High-Priority Pathogen Reagents. mSystems. 2016 Jul-Aug; 1(4). PMID: 27822544.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Schmidt KM, Mühlberger E. Marburg Virus Reverse Genetics Systems. Viruses. 2016 Jun 22; 8(6). PMID: 27338448.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Afonso CL, Amarasinghe GK, Bányai K, Bào Y, Basler CF, Bavari S, Bejerman N, Blasdell KR, Briand FX, Briese T, Bukreyev A, Calisher CH, Chandran K, Chéng J, Clawson AN, Collins PL, Dietzgen RG, Dolnik O, Domier LL, Dürrwald R, Dye JM, Easton AJ, Ebihara H, Farkas SL, Freitas-Astúa J, Formenty P, Fouchier RA, Fù Y, Ghedin E, Goodin MM, Hewson R, Horie M, Hyndman TH, Jiang D, Kitajima EW, Kobinger GP, Kondo H, Kurath G, Lamb RA, Lenardon S, Leroy EM, Li CX, Lin XD, Liú L, Longdon B, Marton S, Maisner A, Mühlberger E, Netesov SV, Nowotny N, Patterson JL, Payne SL, Paweska JT, Randall RE, Rima BK, Rota P, Rubbenstroth D, Schwemmle M, Shi M, Smither SJ, Stenglein MD, Stone DM, Takada A, Terregino C, Tesh RB, Tian JH, Tomonaga K, Tordo N, Towner JS, Vasilakis N, Verbeek M, Volchkov VE, Wahl-Jensen V, Walsh JA, Walker PJ, Wang D, Wang LF, Wetzel T, Whitfield AE, Xiè JT, Yuen KY, Zhang YZ, Kuhn JH. Taxonomy of the order Mononegavirales: update 2016. Arch Virol. 2016 Aug; 161(8):2351-60. PMID: 27216929.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Brauburger K, Boehmann Y, Krähling V, Mühlberger E. Transcriptional Regulation in Ebola Virus: Effects of Gene Border Structure and Regulatory Elements on Gene Expression and Polymerase Scanning Behavior. J Virol. 2016 Feb; 90(4):1898-909. PMID: 26656691.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Pinto AK, Williams GD, Szretter KJ, White JP, Proença-Módena JL, Liu G, Olejnik J, Brien JD, Ebihara H, Mühlberger E, Amarasinghe G, Diamond MS, Boon AC. Human and Murine IFIT1 Proteins Do Not Restrict Infection of Negative-Sense RNA Viruses of the Orthomyxoviridae, Bunyaviridae, and Filoviridae Families. J Virol. 2015 Sep; 89(18):9465-76. PMID: 26157117.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Kuhn JH, Andersen KG, Bào Y, Bavari S, Becker S, Bennett RS, Bergman NH, Blinkova O, Bradfute S, Brister JR, Bukreyev A, Chandran K, Chepurnov AA, Davey RA, Dietzgen RG, Doggett NA, Dolnik O, Dye JM, Enterlein S, Fenimore PW, Formenty P, Freiberg AN, Garry RF, Garza NL, Gire SK, Gonzalez JP, Griffiths A, Happi CT, Hensley LE, Herbert AS, Hevey MC, Hoenen T, Honko AN, Ignatyev GM, Jahrling PB, Johnson JC, Johnson KM, Kindrachuk J, Klenk HD, Kobinger G, Kochel TJ, Lackemeyer MG, Lackner DF, Leroy EM, Lever MS, Mühlberger E, Netesov SV, Olinger GG, Omilabu SA, Palacios G, Panchal RG, Park DJ, Patterson JL, Paweska JT, Peters CJ, Pettitt J, Pitt L, Radoshitzky SR, Ryabchikova EI, Saphire EO, Sabeti PC, Sealfon R, Shestopalov AM, Smither SJ, Sullivan NJ, Swanepoel R, Takada A, Towner JS, van der Groen G, Volchkov VE, Volchkova VA, Wahl-Jensen V, Warren TK, Warfield KL, Weidmann M, Nichol ST. Filovirus RefSeq entries: evaluation and selection of filovirus type variants, type sequences, and names. Viruses. 2014 Sep; 6(9):3663-82. PMID: 25256396.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Brauburger K, Boehmann Y, Tsuda Y, Hoenen T, Olejnik J, Schümann M, Ebihara H, Mühlberger E. Analysis of the highly diverse gene borders in Ebola virus reveals a distinct mechanism of transcriptional regulation. J Virol. 2014 Nov; 88(21):12558-71. PMID: 25142600.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Bukreyev AA, Chandran K, Dolnik O, Dye JM, Ebihara H, Leroy EM, Mühlberger E, Netesov SV, Patterson JL, Paweska JT, Saphire EO, Smither SJ, Takada A, Towner JS, Volchkov VE, Warren TK, Kuhn JH. Discussions and decisions of the 2012–2014 International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Filoviridae Study Group, January 2012–June 2013. Arch Virol. 2014 Apr; 159(4):821-30. PMID: 24122154.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Kuhn JH, Bào Y, Bavari S, Becker S, Bradfute S, Brauburger K, Rodney Brister J, Bukreyev AA, Caì Y, Chandran K, Davey RA, Dolnik O, Dye JM, Enterlein S, Gonzalez JP, Formenty P, Freiberg AN, Hensley LE, Hoenen T, Honko AN, Ignatyev GM, Jahrling PB, Johnson KM, Klenk HD, Kobinger G, Lackemeyer MG, Leroy EM, Lever MS, Mühlberger E, Netesov SV, Olinger GG, Palacios G, Patterson JL, Paweska JT, Pitt L, Radoshitzky SR, Ryabchikova EI, Saphire EO, Shestopalov AM, Smither SJ, Sullivan NJ, Swanepoel R, Takada A, Towner JS, van der Groen G, Volchkov VE, Volchkova VA, Wahl-Jensen V, Warren TK, Warfield KL, Weidmann M, Nichol ST. Virus nomenclature below the species level: a standardized nomenclature for filovirus strains and variants rescued from cDNA. Arch Virol. 2014 May; 159(5):1229-37. PMID: 24190508.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Gantke T, Boussouf S, Janzen J, Morrice NA, Howell S, Mühlberger E, Ley SC. Ebola virus VP35 induces high-level production of recombinant TPL-2-ABIN-2-NF-?B1 p105 complex in co-transfected HEK-293 cells. Biochem J. 2013 Jun 1; 452(2):359-65. PMID: 23557442.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Trunschke M, Conrad D, Enterlein S, Olejnik J, Brauburger K, Mühlberger E. The L-VP35 and L-L interaction domains reside in the amino terminus of the Ebola virus L protein and are potential targets for antivirals. Virology. 2013 Jul 5; 441(2):135-45. PMID: 23582637.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Olejnik J, Alonso J, Schmidt KM, Yan Z, Wang W, Marzi A, Ebihara H, Yang J, Patterson JL, Ryabchikova E, Mühlberger E. Ebola virus does not block apoptotic signaling pathways. J Virol. 2013 May; 87(10):5384-96. PMID: 23468487.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Kuhn JH, Bao Y, Bavari S, Becker S, Bradfute S, Brister JR, Bukreyev AA, Caì Y, Chandran K, Davey RA, Dolnik O, Dye JM, Enterlein S, Gonzalez JP, Formenty P, Freiberg AN, Hensley LE, Honko AN, Ignatyev GM, Jahrling PB, Johnson KM, Klenk HD, Kobinger G, Lackemeyer MG, Leroy EM, Lever MS, Lofts LL, Mühlberger E, Netesov SV, Olinger GG, Palacios G, Patterson JL, Paweska JT, Pitt L, Radoshitzky SR, Ryabchikova EI, Saphire EO, Shestopalov AM, Smither SJ, Sullivan NJ, Swanepoel R, Takada A, Towner JS, van der Groen G, Volchkov VE, Wahl-Jensen V, Warren TK, Warfield KL, Weidmann M, Nichol ST. Virus nomenclature below the species level: a standardized nomenclature for laboratory animal-adapted strains and variants of viruses assigned to the family Filoviridae. Arch Virol. 2013 Jun; 158(6):1425-32. PMID: 23358612.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Brauburger K, Hume AJ, Mühlberger E, Olejnik J. Forty-five years of Marburg virus research. Viruses. 2012 Oct; 4(10):1878-927. PMID: 23202446.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Kuhn JH, Bao Y, Bavari S, Becker S, Bradfute S, Brister JR, Bukreyev AA, Chandran K, Davey RA, Dolnik O, Dye JM, Enterlein S, Hensley LE, Honko AN, Jahrling PB, Johnson KM, Kobinger G, Leroy EM, Lever MS, Mühlberger E, Netesov SV, Olinger GG, Palacios G, Patterson JL, Paweska JT, Pitt L, Radoshitzky SR, Saphire EO, Smither SJ, Swanepoel R, Towner JS, van der Groen G, Volchkov VE, Wahl-Jensen V, Warren TK, Weidmann M, Nichol ST. Virus nomenclature below the species level: a standardized nomenclature for natural variants of viruses assigned to the family Filoviridae. Arch Virol. 2013 Jan; 158(1):301-11. PMID: 23001720.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Schmidt KM, Schümann M, Olejnik J, Krähling V, Mühlberger E. Recombinant Marburg virus expressing EGFP allows rapid screening of virus growth and real-time visualization of virus spread. J Infect Dis. 2011 Nov; 204 Suppl 3:S861-70. PMID: 21987762.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Olejnik J, Ryabchikova E, Corley RB, Mühlberger E. Intracellular events and cell fate in filovirus infection. Viruses. 2011 Aug; 3(8):1501-31. PMID: 21927676.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Leung DW, Shabman RS, Farahbakhsh M, Prins KC, Borek DM, Wang T, Mühlberger E, Basler CF, Amarasinghe GK. Structural and functional characterization of Reston Ebola virus VP35 interferon inhibitory domain. J Mol Biol. 2010 Jun 11; 399(3):347-57. PMID: 20399790.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Valmas C, Grosch MN, Schümann M, Olejnik J, Martinez O, Best SM, Krähling V, Basler CF, Mühlberger E. Marburg virus evades interferon responses by a mechanism distinct from ebola virus. PLoS Pathog. 2010 Jan; 6(1):e1000721. PMID: 20084112.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Pfefferle S, Krähling V, Ditt V, Grywna K, Mühlberger E, Drosten C. Reverse genetic characterization of the natural genomic deletion in SARS-Coronavirus strain Frankfurt-1 open reading frame 7b reveals an attenuating function of the 7b protein in-vitro and in-vivo. Virol J. 2009; 6:131. PMID: 19698190.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Schümann M, Gantke T, Mühlberger E. Ebola virus VP35 antagonizes PKR activity through its C-terminal interferon inhibitory domain. J Virol. 2009 Sep; 83(17):8993-7. PMID: 19515768.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Zinzula L, Esposito F, Mühlberger E, Trunschke M, Conrad D, Piano D, Tramontano E. Purification and functional characterization of the full length recombinant Ebola virus VP35 protein expressed in E. coli. Protein Expr Purif. 2009 Jul; 66(1):113-9. PMID: 19233284.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Enterlein S, Schmidt KM, Schümann M, Conrad D, Krähling V, Olejnik J, Mühlberger E. The marburg virus 3' noncoding region structurally and functionally differs from that of ebola virus. J Virol. 2009 May; 83(9):4508-19. PMID: 19225002.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Krähling V, Stein DA, Spiegel M, Weber F, Mühlberger E. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus triggers apoptosis via protein kinase R but is resistant to its antiviral activity. J Virol. 2009 Mar; 83(5):2298-309. PMID: 19109397.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Habjan M, Andersson I, Klingström J, Schümann M, Martin A, Zimmermann P, Wagner V, Pichlmair A, Schneider U, Mühlberger E, Mirazimi A, Weber F. Processing of genome 5' termini as a strategy of negative-strand RNA viruses to avoid RIG-I-dependent interferon induction. PLoS One. 2008; 3(4):e2032. PMID: 18446221.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Mühlberger E. Filovirus replication and transcription. Future Virol. 2007 Mar; 2(2):205-215. PMID: 24093048.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Petrosava, A., Konry, T., Cosnier, S., Trakht, I., Lutwama, J., Rwaguma, E., Cherpunov, A., Mühlberger, E., Lobel, L., and Marks, R. S. Development of a highly sensitive, field operable biosensor for serological studies of Ebola virus in central Africa. Sensors & Actuators. 2007; 122(B):578-586.
  31. Kash JC, Mühlberger E, Carter V, Grosch M, Perwitasari O, Proll SC, Thomas MJ, Weber F, Klenk HD, Katze MG. Global suppression of the host antiviral response by Ebola- and Marburgviruses: increased antagonism of the type I interferon response is associated with enhanced virulence. J Virol. 2006 Mar; 80(6):3009-20. PMID: 16501110.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Enterlein S, Warfield KL, Swenson DL, Stein DA, Smith JL, Gamble CS, Kroeker AD, Iversen PL, Bavari S, Mühlberger E. VP35 knockdown inhibits Ebola virus amplification and protects against lethal infection in mice. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2006 Mar; 50(3):984-93. PMID: 16495261.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Negrete OA, Wolf MC, Aguilar HC, Enterlein S, Wang W, Mühlberger E, Su SV, Bertolotti-Ciarlet A, Flick R, Lee B. Two key residues in ephrinB3 are critical for its use as an alternative receptor for Nipah virus. PLoS Pathog. 2006 Feb; 2(2):e7. PMID: 16477309.
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  34. Enterlein S, Volchkov V, Weik M, Kolesnikova L, Volchkova V, Klenk HD, Mühlberger E. Rescue of recombinant Marburg virus from cDNA is dependent on nucleocapsid protein VP30. J Virol. 2006 Jan; 80(2):1038-43. PMID: 16379005.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Weik M, Enterlein S, Schlenz K, Mühlberger E. The Ebola virus genomic replication promoter is bipartite and follows the rule of six. J Virol. 2005 Aug; 79(16):10660-71. PMID: 16051858.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Boehmann Y, Enterlein S, Randolf A, Mühlberger E. A reconstituted replication and transcription system for Ebola virus Reston and comparison with Ebola virus Zaire. Virology. 2005 Feb 5; 332(1):406-17. PMID: 15661171.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Spiegel M, Pichlmair A, Mühlberger E, Haller O, Weber F. The antiviral effect of interferon-beta against SARS-coronavirus is not mediated by MxA protein. J Clin Virol. 2004 Jul; 30(3):211-3. PMID: 15135736.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Weidmann M, Mühlberger E, Hufert FT. Rapid detection protocol for filoviruses. J Clin Virol. 2004 May; 30(1):94-9. PMID: 15072761.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Hartlieb B, Modrof J, Mühlberger E, Klenk HD, Becker S. Oligomerization of Ebola virus VP30 is essential for viral transcription and can be inhibited by a synthetic peptide. J Biol Chem. 2003 Oct 24; 278(43):41830-6. PMID: 12912982.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Basler CF, Mikulasova A, Martinez-Sobrido L, Paragas J, Mühlberger E, Bray M, Klenk HD, Palese P, García-Sastre A. The Ebola virus VP35 protein inhibits activation of interferon regulatory factor 3. J Virol. 2003 Jul; 77(14):7945-56. PMID: 12829834.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Modrof J, Becker S, Mühlberger E. Ebola virus transcription activator VP30 is a zinc-binding protein. J Virol. 2003 Mar; 77(5):3334-8. PMID: 12584359.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Weik M, Modrof J, Klenk HD, Becker S, Mühlberger E. Ebola virus VP30-mediated transcription is regulated by RNA secondary structure formation. J Virol. 2002 Sep; 76(17):8532-9. PMID: 12163572.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Modrof J, Mühlberger E, Klenk HD, Becker S. Phosphorylation of VP30 impairs ebola virus transcription. J Biol Chem. 2002 Sep 6; 277(36):33099-104. PMID: 12052831.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Sänger C, Mühlberger E, Lötfering B, Klenk HD, Becker S. The Marburg virus surface protein GP is phosphorylated at its ectodomain. Virology. 2002 Mar 30; 295(1):20-9. PMID: 12033762.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Cheusova TB, Becker S, Muehlberger E, Riabchikova EI. [Submicroscopic characteristics of Marburg virus and its mini genome analog replication in cell cultures]. Mol Gen Mikrobiol Virusol. 2002; (2):27-30. PMID: 12180021.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Modrof J, Möritz C, Kolesnikova L, Konakova T, Hartlieb B, Randolf A, Mühlberger E, Becker S. Phosphorylation of Marburg virus VP30 at serines 40 and 42 is critical for its interaction with NP inclusions. Virology. 2001 Aug 15; 287(1):171-82. PMID: 11504552.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Sänger C, Mühlberger E, Ryabchikova E, Kolesnikova L, Klenk HD, Becker S. Sorting of Marburg virus surface protein and virus release take place at opposite surfaces of infected polarized epithelial cells. J Virol. 2001 Feb; 75(3):1274-83. PMID: 11152500.
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  48. Volchkov VE, Volchkova VA, Muhlberger E, Kolesnikova LV, Weik M, Dolnik O, Klenk HD. Recovery of infectious Ebola virus from complementary DNA: RNA editing of the GP gene and viral cytotoxicity. Science. 2001 Mar 9; 291(5510):1965-9. PMID: 11239157.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Sänger C, Mühlberger E, Klenk HD, Becker S. Adverse effects of MVA-T7 on the transport of Marburg virus glycoprotein. J Virol Methods. 2001 Jan; 91(1):29-35. PMID: 11164483.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Basler CF, Wang X, Mühlberger E, Volchkov V, Paragas J, Klenk HD, García-Sastre A, Palese P. The Ebola virus VP35 protein functions as a type I IFN antagonist. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Oct 24; 97(22):12289-94. PMID: 11027311.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Kolesnikova L, Mühlberger E, Ryabchikova E, Becker S. Ultrastructural organization of recombinant Marburg virus nucleoprotein: comparison with Marburg virus inclusions. J Virol. 2000 Apr; 74(8):3899-904. PMID: 10729166.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Kedees MH, Gerold P, Azzouz N, Blaschke T, Shams-Eldin H, Mühlberger E, Holder AA, Klenk HD, Schwarz RT, Eckert V. Processing and localisation of a GPI-anchored Plasmodium falciparum surface protein expressed by the baculovirus system. Eur J Cell Biol. 2000 Jan; 79(1):52-61. PMID: 10711426.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Mühlberger E, Weik M, Volchkov VE, Klenk HD, Becker S. Comparison of the transcription and replication strategies of marburg virus and Ebola virus by using artificial replication systems. J Virol. 1999 Mar; 73(3):2333-42. PMID: 9971816.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Lötfering B, Mühlberger E, Tamura T, Klenk HD, Becker S. The nucleoprotein of Marburg virus is target for multiple cellular kinases. Virology. 1999 Mar 1; 255(1):50-62. PMID: 10049821.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Becker S, Mühlberger E. Co- and posttranslational modifications and functions of Marburg virus proteins. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 1999; 235:23-34. PMID: 9893376.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Mühlberger E, Lötfering B, Klenk HD, Becker S. Three of the four nucleocapsid proteins of Marburg virus, NP, VP35, and L, are sufficient to mediate replication and transcription of Marburg virus-specific monocistronic minigenomes. J Virol. 1998 Nov; 72(11):8756-64. PMID: 9765419.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Becker S, Rinne C, Hofsäss U, Klenk HD, Mühlberger E. Interactions of Marburg virus nucleocapsid proteins. Virology. 1998 Sep 30; 249(2):406-17. PMID: 9791031.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Becker S, Klenk HD, Mühlberger E. Intracellular transport and processing of the Marburg virus surface protein in vertebrate and insect cells. Virology. 1996 Nov 1; 225(1):145-55. PMID: 8918541.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Mühlberger E, Trommer S, Funke C, Volchkov V, Klenk HD, Becker S. Termini of all mRNA species of Marburg virus: sequence and secondary structure. Virology. 1996 Sep 15; 223(2):376-80. PMID: 8806574.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Funke C, Becker S, Dartsch H, Klenk HD, Mühlberger E. Acylation of the Marburg virus glycoprotein. Virology. 1995 Apr 1; 208(1):289-97. PMID: 11831710.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Will C, Mühlberger E, Linder D, Slenczka W, Klenk HD, Feldmann H. Marburg virus gene 4 encodes the virion membrane protein, a type I transmembrane glycoprotein. J Virol. 1993 Mar; 67(3):1203-10. PMID: 8437211.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Feldmann H, Mühlberger E, Randolf A, Will C, Kiley MP, Sanchez A, Klenk HD. Marburg virus, a filovirus: messenger RNAs, gene order, and regulatory elements of the replication cycle. Virus Res. 1992 Jun; 24(1):1-19. PMID: 1626422.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Mühlberger E, Sanchez A, Randolf A, Will C, Kiley MP, Klenk HD, Feldmann H. The nucleotide sequence of the L gene of Marburg virus, a filovirus: homologies with paramyxoviruses and rhabdoviruses. Virology. 1992 Apr; 187(2):534-47. PMID: 1546452.
    View in: PubMed
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