Suryaram Gummuluru, PhD
Associate Professor
Boston University School of Medicine
Dept of Microbiology

PhD, University of Rochester
MS, University of Rochester



Our research is broadly focused on the role of dendritic cells (DCs) in the initiation and propagation of HIV-1 replication. Since dendritic cells are believed to be the first immune competent cells to encounter virus in the genital mucosa, a thorough understanding of the HIV-DC interactions is of paramount importance. DCs can capture virus particles independently of CD4 and co-receptor complexes, and retain them in an infectious state for an extended period of time. These virus-bearing DCs may then facilitate a more efficient spread of virus to replication-permissive CD4+ T cells. Our recent work has identified a novel glycosphingolipid dependent mechanism of virus attachment to DCs. The fate of the virus particle post-attachment in DCs remains unclear. Virion trafficking within the DC bypasses conventional endocytic organelles, i.e., endosomes and lysosomes. Virus localization within this novel vesicular compartment not only has the potential to protect the invading HIV from being degraded, but also creates a latent reservoir of virus, which could present a major challenge for eradication by antiretroviral therapy. Furthermore, the mechanism of subsequent return of infectious virus particles to the cell surface and the method of subsequent transmission to T cells remains unclear. Current studies utilizing biochemical and microscopic approaches are underway to monitor HIV-1 trafficking and localization in the DC and its subsequent transfer to T cells.

Graduate Faculty (Primary Mentor of Grad Students)
Boston University School of Medicine, Division of Graduate Medical Sciences




Engineering a 3D human neurovascular unit for investigating and countering neuroinflammatory mechanisms of HIV
09/30/2017 - 08/31/2018 (Co-PI)
NIH/National Institute of Neurological D
1R21NS105837-01

Lifespan/Tufts/brown Center for AIDS Research (CFAR): Core A, Core B, Core G and SWG1
07/01/2016 - 06/30/2018 (PI of Sub-Project / SP)
PI: C. Robert Horsburgh Jr, MD
The Miriam Hospital NIH NIAID
4P30AI042853-19

CD1a vaginal dendritic cells and HIV-1 acquisition in the female genital tract
05/15/2015 - 04/30/2018 (PI)
Boston Medical Center Corporation NIH NIAID
5R01AI122209-02

A novel microfluidic system to investigate mechanism of HIV-induced disruption of BBB function
01/01/2017 - 12/31/2017 (Co-PI)
The Miriam Hospital NIH NIAID
4P30AI042853-19

Mechanism of cell-associated HIV-1 transmission
12/01/2015 - 11/30/2017 (PI)
NIH/National Institute of Allergy & Infe
5R01AI064099-12

Identification of Signals Required for the Establishment of HIV infection and Latency
09/02/2015 - 08/31/2016 (PI)
Boston Medical Center Corporation NIH NIAID
R56AI118682

Mechanism of Cell-Associated HIV-1 Transmission
07/01/2010 - 11/30/2015 (PI)
NIH/National Institute of Allergy & Infe
5R01AI064099-10

Elucidating Non-Virus Encoded HIV Capture Through Artificial Virus Nanoparticles
07/01/2013 - 06/30/2014 (Co-PI)
PI: Bjorn Reinhard, Dr. rer. nat.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy & Infe
1R56AI104393-01A1




Yr Title Project-Sub Proj Pubs
2017 Mechanism of cell-associated HIV-1 transmission 5R01AI064099-12 14
2016 Mechanism of cell-associated HIV-1 transmission 2R01AI064099-11A1 14
2014 Mechanism of cell-associated HIV-1 transmission 5R01AI064099-10 14
2013 Elucidating Non-Virus Encoded HIV Capture through Artificial Virus Nanoparticles 1R56AI104393-01A1 1
2013 Mechanism of cell-associated HIV-1 transmission 5R01AI064099-09 14
2012 Mechanism of cell-associated HIV-1 transmission 5R01AI064099-08 14
2011 GLYCOSPHINGOLIPID COMPOSITIONS DURING INFECTION BY HIV TYPE 1 (HIV-1) PARTICLES 5P41RR010888-15-5172 236
2011 Mechanism of cell-associated HIV-1 transmission 5R01AI064099-07 14
2010 Mechanism of HIV-1 attachment to dendritic cells 5R21AI081596-02 3
2010 Mechanism of cell-associated HIV-1 transmission 2R01AI064099-06A1 14
Showing 10 of 16 results. Show All Results
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.

  1. Akiyama H, Ramirez NP, Gibson G, Kline C, Watkins S, Ambrose Z, Gummuluru S. Interferon-Inducible CD169/Siglec1 Attenuates Anti-HIV-1 Effects of Alpha Interferon. J Virol. 2017 Nov 01; 91(21).View Related Profiles. PMID: 28794041.
  2. Feizpour A, Stelter D, Wong C, Akiyama H, Gummuluru S, Keyes T, Reinhard BM. Membrane Fluidity Sensing on the Single Virus Particle Level with Plasmonic Nanoparticle Transducers. ACS Sens. 2017 Oct 04.View Related Profiles. PMID: 28933537.
  3. Nazari M, Xi M, Lerch S, Alizadeh MH, Ettinger C, Akiyama H, Gillespie C, Gummuluru S, Erramilli S, Reinhard BM. Plasmonic Enhancement of Selective Photonic Virus Inactivation. Sci Rep. 2017 Sep 20; 7(1):11951.View Related Profiles. PMID: 28931903.
  4. Ruedas JB, Ladner JT, Ettinger CR, Gummuluru S, Palacios G, Connor JH. Spontaneous Mutation at Amino Acid 544 of the Ebola Virus Glycoprotein Potentiates Virus Entry and Selection in Tissue Culture. J Virol. 2017 Aug 01; 91(15).View Related Profiles. PMID: 28539437.
  5. Kozlowski E, Wasserman GA, Morgan M, O''Carroll D, Ramirez NP, Gummuluru S, Rah JY, Gower AC, Ieong M, Quinton LJ, Mizgerd JP, Jones MR. The RNA uridyltransferase Zcchc6 is expressed in macrophages and impacts innate immune responses. PLoS One. 2017; 12(6):e0179797.View Related Profiles. PMID: 28665939.
  6. Miller CM, Akiyama H, Agosto LM, Emery A, Ettinger CR, Swanstrom RI, Henderson AJ, Gummuluru S. Virion-Associated Vpr Alleviates a Postintegration Block to HIV-1 Infection of Dendritic Cells. J Virol. 2017 Jul 01; 91(13).View Related Profiles. PMID: 28424288; DOI: 10.1128/JVI.00051-17;.
  7. Ahi YS, Zhang S, Thappeta Y, Denman A, Feizpour A, Gummuluru S, Reinhard B, Muriaux D, Fivash MJ, Rein A. Functional Interplay Between Murine Leukemia Virus Glycogag, Serinc5, and Surface Glycoprotein Governs Virus Entry, with Opposite Effects on Gammaretroviral and Ebolavirus Glycoproteins. MBio. 2016 Nov 22; 7(6). PMID: 27879338; DOI: 10.1128/mBio.01985-16;.
  8. Kijewski SD, Akiyama H, Feizpour A, Miller CM, Ramirez NG, Reinhard BM, Gummuluru S. Access of HIV-2 to CD169-dependent dendritic cell-mediated trans infection pathway is attenuated. Virology. 2016 Oct; 497:328-36.View Related Profiles. PMID: 27521724; PMCID: PMC5026622; DOI: 10.1016/j.virol.2016.07.029;.
  9. Xu F, Reiser M, Yu X, Gummuluru S, Wetzler L, Reinhard BM. Lipid-Mediated Targeting with Membrane-Wrapped Nanoparticles in the Presence of Corona Formation. ACS Nano. 2016 Jan 26; 10(1):1189-200.View Related Profiles. PMID: 26720275; PMCID: PMC4842014; DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b06501;.
  10. Yu X, Xu F, Ramirez NG, Kijewski SD, Akiyama H, Gummuluru S, Reinhard BM. Dressing up Nanoparticles: A Membrane Wrap to Induce Formation of the Virological Synapse. ACS Nano. 2015; 9(4):4182-92.View Related Profiles. PMID: 25853367; PMCID: PMC4423798; DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b00415;.
Showing 10 of 40 results. Show More

This graph shows the total number of publications by year, by first, middle/unknown, or last author.

Bar chart showing 40 publications over 20 distinct years, with a maximum of 6 publications in 2017

YearPublications
19941
19952
19962
19971
19981
19991
20001
20022
20031
20061
20071
20081
20091
20101
20124
20132
20145
20153
20163
20176
In addition to these self-described keywords below, a list of MeSH based concepts is available here.

dendritic cells
glycosphingolipids
HIV pathogenesis
Virological synapse
virus attachment, trafficking, and cell-mediated virus transfer

Available to Mentor as: (Review Mentor Role Definitions):
  • Research / Scholarly Mentor
Contact for Mentoring:


72 E. Concord St Housman (R)
Boston MA 02118
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