Keywords
Last Name

Caroline M. Apovian, MD

TitleProfessor
InstitutionBoston University School of Medicine
DepartmentMedicine
DivisionEndocrinology, Diabetes & Nutrition
Address72 E. Concord St Robinson (B)
Boston MA 02118
Phone(617) 638-8556
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-8029-1922
Other Positions
TitleProfessor
InstitutionBoston University School of Medicine
DepartmentPediatrics
DivisionDiabetes & Endocrinology

TitleGraduate Faculty (Primary Mentor of Grad Students)
InstitutionBoston University School of Medicine, Division of Graduate Medical Sciences

TitleActive Staff Privileges
InstitutionBoston Medical Center
DepartmentMedicine
DivisionEndocrinology, Diabetes & Nutrition

 Awards and Honors

Start-EndDescription
1993-1996Geisinger Medical Center: Clinician-Investigator Career Development Award
2000-2002American Society of Clinic Nutrition: Physician Nutrition Specialist Award
 Research Expertise & Professional Interests
Dr. Apovian’s focus is on clinical research in obesity and diabetes. Her group investigates weight loss and its effects on endothelial cell function, adipose cell metabolism and inflammation, research in the bariatric surgery population and novel pharmacotherapeutic antiobesity agents. She has become an expert in the technique for subcutaneous adipose tissue aspirations, and has been performing these aspirations on research subjects at Boston University for over 5 years. Other research projects include dietary and physical activity interventions in underserved post-partum women and the investigation into the effects of increased dietary protein on lean body mass, maximal voluntary muscle strength and power in older men with mobility limitations.

 Self-Described Keywords
  • Adipose tissue
  • Diabetes
  • Inflammation
  • Nutrition
  • Obesity
 Publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
List All   |   Timeline
  1. Nicholas D, Proctor EA, Raval FM, Ip BC, Habib C, Ritou E, Grammatopoulos TN, Steenkamp D, Dooms H, Apovian CM, Lauffenburger DA, Nikolajczyk BS. Advances in the quantification of mitochondrial function in primary human immune cells through extracellular flux analysis. PLoS One. 2017; 12(2):e0170975. PMID: 28178278.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Apovian CM, Shah SN, Wolfe BM, Ikramuddin S, Miller CJ, Tweden KS, Billington CJ, Shikora SA. Two-Year Outcomes of Vagal Nerve Blocking (vBloc) for the Treatment of Obesity in the ReCharge Trial. Obes Surg. 2017 Jan; 27(1):169-176. PMID: 27506803.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Thompson CC, Abu Dayyeh BK, Kushner R, Sullivan S, Schorr AB, Amaro A, Apovian CM, Fullum T, Zarrinpar A, Jensen MD, Stein AC, Edmundowicz S, Kahaleh M, Ryou M, Bohning JM, Ginsberg G, Huang C, Tran DD, Glaser JP, Martin JA, Jaffe DL, Farraye FA, Ho SB, Kumar N, Harakal D, Young M, Thomas CE, Shukla AP, Ryan MB, Haas M, Goldsmith H, McCrea J, Aronne LJ. Percutaneous Gastrostomy Device for the Treatment of Class II and Class III Obesity: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Am J Gastroenterol. 2016 Dec 06. PMID: 27922026.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Farb MG, Karki S, Park SY, Saggese SM, Carmine B, Hess DT, Apovian C, Fetterman JL, Bretón-Romero R, Hamburg NM, Fuster JJ, Zuriaga MA, Walsh K, Gokce N. WNT5A-JNK regulation of vascular insulin resistance in human obesity. Vasc Med. 2016 Dec; 21(6):489-496. PMID: 27688298.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Apovian CM, Istfan NW. Obesity: Guidelines, Best Practices, New Research. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2016 Sep; 45(3):xvii-xviii. PMID: 27519142.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Gill SV, Hicks GE, Zhang Y, Niu J, Apovian CM, White DK. The association of waist circumference with walking difficulty among adults with or at risk of knee osteoarthritis: the Osteoarthritis Initiative. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2017 Jan; 25(1):60-66. PMID: 27492464.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Apovian C, Palmer K, Fain R, Perdomo C, Rubino D. Effects of lorcaserin on fat and lean mass loss in obese and overweight patients without and with type 2 diabetes mellitus: the BLOSSOM and BLOOM-DM studies. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2016 Sep; 18(9):945-8. PMID: 27173586.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Apovian CM. Obesity: definition, comorbidities, causes, and burden. Am J Manag Care. 2016 Jun; 22(7 Suppl):s176-85. PMID: 27356115.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Morton JM, Shah SN, Wolfe BM, Apovian CM, Miller CJ, Tweden KS, Billington CJ, Shikora SA. Effect of Vagal Nerve Blockade on Moderate Obesity with an Obesity-Related Comorbid Condition: the ReCharge Study. Obes Surg. 2016 May; 26(5):983-9. PMID: 27048437.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Igel LI, Sinha A, Saunders KH, Apovian CM, Vojta D, Aronne LJ. Metformin: an Old Therapy that Deserves a New Indication for the Treatment of Obesity. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2016 Apr; 18(4):16. PMID: 26888066.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Apovian CM. The Obesity Epidemic--Understanding the Disease and the Treatment. N Engl J Med. 2016 Jan 14; 374(2):177-9. PMID: 26760089.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Istfan N, Anderson WA, Apovian C, Ruth M, Carmine B, Hess D. Racial differences in weight loss, hemoglobin A1C, and blood lipid profiles after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2016 Aug; 12(7):1329-1336. PMID: 27150343.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Young LS, Huong PT, Lam NT, Thu NN, Van HT, Hanh NL, Tuyen le D, Lien DT, Hoc TH, Tuyet CT, Anh NQ, Henry EG, Lenders CM, Gura KM, Bigornia SJ, Apovian CM, Ziegler TR. Nutritional status and feeding practices in gastrointestinal surgery patients at Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2016; 25(3):513-20. PMID: 27440685.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Apovian CM. Naltrexone/bupropion for the treatment of obesity and obesity with Type 2 diabetes. Future Cardiol. 2016 Mar; 12(2):129-38. PMID: 26679384.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Karki S, Farb MG, Myers S, Apovian C, Hess DT, Gokce N. Effect of Bariatric Weight Loss on the Adipose Lipolytic Transcriptome in Obese Humans. Mediators Inflamm. 2015; 2015:106237. PMID: 26663986.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Ip B, Cilfone NA, Belkina AC, DeFuria J, Jagannathan-Bogdan M, Zhu M, Kuchibhatla R, McDonnell ME, Xiao Q, Kepler TB, Apovian CM, Lauffenburger DA, Nikolajczyk BS. Th17 cytokines differentiate obesity from obesity-associated type 2 diabetes and promote TNFa production. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2016 Jan; 24(1):102-12. PMID: 26576827.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Apovian CM, Aronne LJ. The 2013 American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology/The Obesity Society Guideline for the Management of Overweight and Obesity in Adults: What Is New About Diet, Drugs, and Surgery for Obesity? Circulation. 2015 Oct 20; 132(16):1586-91. PMID: 26481564.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Apovian CM. The low-fat, low-carb debate and the theory of relativity. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015 Oct; 102(4):719-20. PMID: 26333511.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Shikora SA, Wolfe BM, Apovian CM, Anvari M, Sarwer DB, Gibbons RD, Ikramuddin S, Miller CJ, Knudson MB, Tweden KS, Sarr MG, Billington CJ. Sustained Weight Loss with Vagal Nerve Blockade but Not with Sham: 18-Month Results of the ReCharge Trial. J Obes. 2015; 2015:365604. PMID: 26246907.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Apovian CM, Garvey WT, Ryan DH. Challenging obesity: Patient, provider, and expert perspectives on the roles of available and emerging nonsurgical therapies. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Jul; 23 Suppl 2:S1-S26. PMID: 26154880.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Hasson BR, Apovian C, Istfan N. Racial/Ethnic Differences in Insulin Resistance and Beta Cell Function: Relationship to Racial Disparities in Type 2 Diabetes among African Americans versus Caucasians. Curr Obes Rep. 2015 Jun; 4(2):241-9. PMID: 26627219.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Xu XJ, Apovian C, Hess D, Carmine B, Saha A, Ruderman N. Improved Insulin Sensitivity 3 Months After RYGB Surgery Is Associated With Increased Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue AMPK Activity and Decreased Oxidative Stress. Diabetes. 2015 Sep; 64(9):3155-9. PMID: 26001396.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Lotfi K, Palmer K, Apovian CM. Case Study: Weight loss in a patient with type 2 diabetes: Challenges of diabetes management. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Apr; 23 Suppl 1:S11-2. PMID: 25900868.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Apovian CM, Aronne LJ, Bessesen DH, McDonnell ME, Murad MH, Pagotto U, Ryan DH, Still CD. Pharmacological management of obesity: an endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Feb; 100(2):342-62. PMID: 25590212.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Stanford FC, Kyle TK, Claridy MD, Nadglowski JF, Apovian CM. The influence of an individual's weight perception on the acceptance of bariatric surgery. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Feb; 23(2):277-81. PMID: 25546377.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Stanford FC, Jones DB, Schneider BE, Blackburn GL, Apovian CM, Hess DT, Chiodi S, Robert S, Bourland AC, Wee CC. Patient race and the likelihood of undergoing bariatric surgery among patients seeking surgery. Surg Endosc. 2015 Sep; 29(9):2794-9. PMID: 25492453.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Boonchaya-anant P, Holick MF, Apovian CM. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and metabolic health status in extremely obese individuals. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Dec; 22(12):2539-43. PMID: 25297931.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Boonchaya-anant P, Apovian CM. Metabolically healthy obesity--does it exist? Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2014 Oct; 16(10):441. PMID: 25092577.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Executive summary: Guidelines (2013) for the management of overweight and obesity in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the Obesity Society published by the Obesity Society and American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Based on a systematic review from the The Obesity Expert Panel, 2013. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Jul; 22 Suppl 2:S5-39. PMID: 24961825.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Ayalon N, Gopal DM, Mooney DM, Simonetti JS, Grossman JR, Dwivedi A, Donohue C, Perez AJ, Downing J, Gokce N, Miller EJ, Liang CS, Apovian CM, Colucci WS, Ho JE. Preclinical left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in metabolic syndrome. Am J Cardiol. 2014 Sep 15; 114(6):838-42. PMID: 25084691.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Dhurandhar EJ, Dawson J, Alcorn A, Larsen LH, Thomas EA, Cardel M, Bourland AC, Astrup A, St-Onge MP, Hill JO, Apovian CM, Shikany JM, Allison DB. The effectiveness of breakfast recommendations on weight loss: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Aug; 100(2):507-13. PMID: 24898236.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Apovian CM. What's New About the New US Obesity Guidelines? Curr Obes Rep. 2014 Jun; 3(2):147-9. PMID: 26626600.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Hua N, Chen Z, Phinikaridou A, Pham T, Qiao Y, LaValley MP, Bigornia SJ, Ruth MR, Apovian CM, Ruberg FL, Hamilton JA. The influence of pericardial fat upon left ventricular function in obese females: evidence of a site-specific effect. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2014; 16:37. PMID: 24884541.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Pi-Sunyer X, Jensen M, Ryan D, Apovian C, Millen B, Nonas C. We stand by our guidelines. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2014 May; 10(5):310. PMID: 24614261.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Wee CC, Mukamal KJ, Huskey KW, Davis RB, Colten ME, Bolcic-Jankovic D, Apovian CM, Jones DB, Blackburn GL. High-risk alcohol use after weight loss surgery. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2014 May-Jun; 10(3):508-13. PMID: 24680762.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Huong PT, Lam NT, Thu NN, Quyen TC, Lien DT, Anh NQ, Henry EG, Oliver L, Apovian CM, Ziegler TR, Lenders C. Prevalence of malnutrition in patients admitted to a major urban tertiary care hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2014; 23(3):437-44. PMID: 25164455.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Apovian CM, Aronne LJ. Weight loss treatment in obese adults--reply. JAMA. 2013 Dec 18; 310(23):2568. PMID: 24347001.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Jensen MD, Ryan DH, Apovian CM, Ard JD, Comuzzie AG, Donato KA, Hu FB, Hubbard VS, Jakicic JM, Kushner RF, Loria CM, Millen BE, Nonas CA, Pi-Sunyer FX, Stevens J, Stevens VJ, Wadden TA, Wolfe BM, Yanovski SZ. 2013 AHA/ACC/TOS guideline for the management of overweight and obesity in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and The Obesity Society. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Jul 1; 63(25 Pt B):2985-3023. PMID: 24239920.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Jensen MD, Ryan DH, Apovian CM, Ard JD, Comuzzie AG, Donato KA, Hu FB, Hubbard VS, Jakicic JM, Kushner RF, Loria CM, Millen BE, Nonas CA, Pi-Sunyer FX, Stevens J, Stevens VJ, Wadden TA, Wolfe BM, Yanovski SZ, Jordan HS, Kendall KA, Lux LJ, Mentor-Marcel R, Morgan LC, Trisolini MG, Wnek J, Anderson JL, Halperin JL, Albert NM, Bozkurt B, Brindis RG, Curtis LH, DeMets D, Hochman JS, Kovacs RJ, Ohman EM, Pressler SJ, Sellke FW, Shen WK, Smith SC, Tomaselli GF. 2013 AHA/ACC/TOS guideline for the management of overweight and obesity in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and The Obesity Society. Circulation. 2014 Jun 24; 129(25 Suppl 2):S102-38. PMID: 24222017.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Kushner RF, Apovian CM, Fujioka K. Obesity consults--comprehensive obesity management in 2013: understanding the shifting paradigm. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 Nov; 21 Suppl 2:S3-13; quiz S14-5. PMID: 24259347.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Apovian CM, Mechanick JI. Obesity IS a disease! Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2013 Oct; 20(5):367-8. PMID: 23974762.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Apovian CM, Huskey KW, Chiodi S, Hess DT, Schneider BE, Blackburn GL, Jones DB, Wee CC. Patient factors associated with undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding vs Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for weight loss. J Am Coll Surg. 2013 Dec; 217(6):1118-25. PMID: 24083911.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Ruth MR, Port AM, Shah M, Bourland AC, Istfan NW, Nelson KP, Gokce N, Apovian CM. Consuming a hypocaloric high fat low carbohydrate diet for 12 weeks lowers C-reactive protein, and raises serum adiponectin and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol in obese subjects. Metabolism. 2013 Dec; 62(12):1779-87. PMID: 24075505.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Bigornia SJ, Farb MG, Tiwari S, Karki S, Hamburg NM, Vita JA, Hess DT, Lavalley MP, Apovian CM, Gokce N. Insulin status and vascular responses to weight loss in obesity. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Dec 17; 62(24):2297-305. PMID: 23978693.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Westcott WL, Apovian CM, Puhala K, Corina L, Larosa Loud R, Whitehead S, Blum K, DiNubile N. Nutrition programs enhance exercise effects on body composition and resting blood pressure. Phys Sportsmed. 2013 Sep; 41(3):85-91. PMID: 24113706.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Apovian CM, Aronne LJ. Zonisamide for weight reduction in obese adults. JAMA. 2013 Aug 14; 310(6):637-8. PMID: 23942682.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Ruth MR, Wellman T, Mercier G, Szabo T, Apovian CM. An automated algorithm to identify and quantify brown adipose tissue in human 18F-FDG-PET/CT scans. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 Aug; 21(8):1554-60. PMID: 23408435.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Apovian CM. The clinical and economic consequences of obesity. Am J Manag Care. 2013 Aug; 19(11 Suppl):s219-28. PMID: 24669378.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Farb MG, Tiwari S, Karki S, Ngo DT, Carmine B, Hess DT, Zuriaga MA, Walsh K, Fetterman JL, Hamburg NM, Vita JA, Apovian CM, Gokce N. Cyclooxygenase inhibition improves endothelial vasomotor dysfunction of visceral adipose arterioles in human obesity. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Feb; 22(2):349-55. PMID: 23640904.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Magnani JW, Hylek EM, Apovian CM. Obesity begets atrial fibrillation: a contemporary summary. Circulation. 2013 Jul 23; 128(4):401-5. PMID: 23877062.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Apovian CM, Aronne L, Rubino D, Still C, Wyatt H, Burns C, Kim D, Dunayevich E. A randomized, phase 3 trial of naltrexone SR/bupropion SR on weight and obesity-related risk factors (COR-II). Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 May; 21(5):935-43. PMID: 23408728.
    View in: PubMed
  52. DeFuria J, Belkina AC, Jagannathan-Bogdan M, Snyder-Cappione J, Carr JD, Nersesova YR, Markham D, Strissel KJ, Watkins AA, Zhu M, Allen J, Bouchard J, Toraldo G, Jasuja R, Obin MS, McDonnell ME, Apovian C, Denis GV, Nikolajczyk BS. B cells promote inflammation in obesity and type 2 diabetes through regulation of T-cell function and an inflammatory cytokine profile. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Mar 26; 110(13):5133-8. PMID: 23479618.
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  53. Wee CC, Hamel MB, Apovian CM, Blackburn GL, Bolcic-Jankovic D, Colten ME, Hess DT, Huskey KW, Marcantonio ER, Schneider BE, Jones DB. Expectations for weight loss and willingness to accept risk among patients seeking weight loss surgery. JAMA Surg. 2013 Mar; 148(3):264-71. PMID: 23553327.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Apovian CM. In response. Endocr Pract. 2013 Jan-Feb; 19(1):170-1. PMID: 24386669.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Apovian CM. The clinical and economic consequences of obesity. Am J Manag Care. 2013; 19(10 Suppl):s219-28. PMID: 24495261.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Pramyothin P, Kim DW, Young LS, Wichansawakun S, Apovian CM. Anemia and leukopenia in a long-term parenteral nutrition patient during a shortage of parenteral trace element products in the United States. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2013 May-Jun; 37(3):425-9. PMID: 23070133.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Mechanick JI, Apovian CM. Rethinking our approach to the obese patient: time to create the obesity treatment score. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2012 Oct; 19(5):339-40. PMID: 22892868.
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  58. Apovian CM. Obesity medicine: a new specialty in medicine or a focus in endocrinology? Nutrition is the real subspecialty in medicine. Endocr Pract. 2012 Sep-Oct; 18(5):649-50. PMID: 23047928.
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  59. Guo W, Li Y, Liang W, Wong S, Apovian C, Kirkland JL, Corkey BE. Beta-mecaptoethanol suppresses inflammation and induces adipogenic differentiation in 3T3-F442A murine preadipocytes. PLoS One. 2012; 7(7):e40958. PMID: 22911724.
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  60. Mechanick JI, Marchetti AE, Apovian C, Benchimol AK, Bisschop PH, Bolio-Galvis A, Hegazi RA, Jenkins D, Mendoza E, Sanz ML, Sheu WH, Tatti P, Tsang MW, Hamdy O. Diabetes-specific nutrition algorithm: a transcultural program to optimize diabetes and prediabetes care. Curr Diab Rep. 2012 Apr; 12(2):180-94. PMID: 22322477.
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  61. McDonnell ME, Ganley-Leal LM, Mehta A, Bigornia SJ, Mott M, Rehman Q, Farb MG, Hess DT, Joseph L, Gokce N, Apovian CM. B lymphocytes in human subcutaneous adipose crown-like structures. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012 Jul; 20(7):1372-8. PMID: 22395812.
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  62. Apovian CM, Gokce N. Obesity and cardiovascular disease. Circulation. 2012 Mar 6; 125(9):1178-82. PMID: 22392865.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Bigornia SJ, Farb MG, Mott MM, Hess DT, Carmine B, Fiscale A, Joseph L, Apovian CM, Gokce N. Relation of depot-specific adipose inflammation to insulin resistance in human obesity. Nutr Diabetes. 2012; 2:e30. PMID: 23449529.
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  64. Xu XJ, Gauthier MS, Hess DT, Apovian CM, Cacicedo JM, Gokce N, Farb M, Valentine RJ, Ruderman NB. Insulin sensitive and resistant obesity in humans: AMPK activity, oxidative stress, and depot-specific changes in gene expression in adipose tissue. J Lipid Res. 2012 Apr; 53(4):792-801. PMID: 22323564.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Igel LI, Powell AG, Apovian CM, Aronne LJ. Advances in medical therapy for weight loss and the weight-centric management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2012 Feb; 14(1):60-9. PMID: 22113707.
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  66. Gorman A, Kaye EK, Apovian C, Fung TT, Nunn M, Garcia RI. Overweight and obesity predict time to periodontal disease progression in men. J Clin Periodontol. 2012 Feb; 39(2):107-14. PMID: 22150475.
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  67. Farb MG, Ganley-Leal L, Mott M, Liang Y, Ercan B, Widlansky ME, Bigornia SJ, Fiscale AJ, Apovian CM, Carmine B, Hess DT, Vita JA, Gokce N. Arteriolar function in visceral adipose tissue is impaired in human obesity. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2012 Feb; 32(2):467-73. PMID: 22095978.
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  68. Apovian CM. Management of diabetes across the course of disease: minimizing obesity-associated complications. Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes. 2011; 4:353-69. PMID: 22135499.
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  69. Powell AG, Apovian CM, Aronne LJ. The combination of phentermine and topiramate is an effective adjunct to diet and lifestyle modification for weight loss and measures of comorbidity in overweight or obese adults with additional metabolic risk factors. Evid Based Med. 2012 Feb; 17(1):14-5. PMID: 21937501.
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  70. Aronne LJ, Powell AG, Apovian CM. Emerging pharmacotherapy for obesity. Expert Opin Emerg Drugs. 2011 Sep; 16(3):587-96. PMID: 21834735.
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  71. Farb MG, Bigornia S, Mott M, Tanriverdi K, Morin KM, Freedman JE, Joseph L, Hess DT, Apovian CM, Vita JA, Gokce N. Reduced adipose tissue inflammation represents an intermediate cardiometabolic phenotype in obesity. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Jul 12; 58(3):232-7. PMID: 21737012.
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  72. Pramyothin P, Biancuzzo RM, Lu Z, Hess DT, Apovian CM, Holick MF. Vitamin D in adipose tissue and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D after roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Nov; 19(11):2228-34. PMID: 21701564.
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  73. Powell AG, Apovian CM, Aronne LJ. New drug targets for the treatment of obesity. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2011 Jul; 90(1):40-51. PMID: 21654742.
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  74. Jagannathan-Bogdan M, McDonnell ME, Shin H, Rehman Q, Hasturk H, Apovian CM, Nikolajczyk BS. Elevated proinflammatory cytokine production by a skewed T cell compartment requires monocytes and promotes inflammation in type 2 diabetes. J Immunol. 2011 Jan 15; 186(2):1162-72. PMID: 21169542.
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  75. Gauthier MS, O'Brien EL, Bigornia S, Mott M, Cacicedo JM, Xu XJ, Gokce N, Apovian C, Ruderman N. Decreased AMP-activated protein kinase activity is associated with increased inflammation in visceral adipose tissue and with whole-body insulin resistance in morbidly obese humans. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011 Jan 7; 404(1):382-7. PMID: 21130749.
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  76. Apovian CM, Shah MS, Ruth MR, August D, Kushner R, McMahon MM, Alger-Mayer S. Board certification and credentialing in nutrition. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2010 Nov-Dec; 34(6 Suppl):78S-85S. PMID: 21149839.
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  77. McClave SA, Mechanick JI, Kushner RF, DeLegge MH, Apovian CM, Brill JV, Friedman G, Heimburger DC, Jaksic T, Martindale RG, Moore FA, Shikora SA. Compilation of recommendations from summit on increasing physician nutrition experts. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2010 Nov-Dec; 34(6 Suppl):123S-32S. PMID: 21149844.
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  78. Apovian CM, Mechanick JI. Disrupting the food-fat connection. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2010 Oct; 17(5):440. PMID: 20736736.
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  79. Istfan NW, Anderson WA, Apovian CM, Hess DT, Forse RA. Preoperative weight gain might increase risk of gastric bypass surgery. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2011 Mar-Apr; 7(2):157-64. PMID: 21111687.
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  80. Apovian CM, Bergenstal RM, Cuddihy RM, Qu Y, Lenox S, Lewis MS, Glass LC. Effects of exenatide combined with lifestyle modification in patients with type 2 diabetes. Am J Med. 2010 May; 123(5):468.e9-17. PMID: 20399326.
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  81. Hamburg NM, Mott MM, Bigornia SJ, Duess MA, Kluge MA, Hess DT, Apovian CM, Vita JA, Gokce N. Maladaptive enlargement of the brachial artery in severe obesity is reversed with weight loss. Vasc Med. 2010 Jun; 15(3):215-22. PMID: 20375126.
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  82. Port AM, Apovian C. Metabolic support of the obese intensive care unit patient: a current perspective. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2010 Mar; 13(2):184-91. PMID: 20040861.
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  83. Bigornia SJ, Mott MM, Hess DT, Apovian CM, McDonnell ME, Duess MA, Kluge MA, Fiscale AJ, Vita JA, Gokce N. Long-term successful weight loss improves vascular endothelial function in severely obese individuals. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2010 Apr; 18(4):754-9. PMID: 20057371.
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  84. Apovian CM. Overweight in older children and adolescents: treatment or prevention? Arch Dis Child. 2010 Jan; 95(1):1-2. PMID: 20040679.
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  85. Apovian CM, Murphy MC, Cullum-Dugan D, Lin PH, Gilbert KM, Coffman G, Jenkins M, Bakun P, Tucker KL, Moore TJ. Validation of a web-based dietary questionnaire designed for the DASH (dietary approaches to stop hypertension) diet: the DASH online questionnaire. Public Health Nutr. 2010 May; 13(5):615-22. PMID: 19912673.
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  86. Apovian CM. The causes, prevalence, and treatment of obesity revisited in 2009: what have we learned so far? Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Jan; 91(1):277S-279S. PMID: 19906802.
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  139. Thomas P, Rogers J, Fish J, Apovian C, Jensen GL. Total parenteral nutrition in a patient with severe diabetic diarrhea. Nutrition. 1995 Sep-Oct; 11(5):456-60. PMID: 8748198.
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  140. Stuart RK, Baxter JK, Shikora SA, Akerman P, Apovian C, Champagne C, Jennings A, Bistrian BR. Reducing arrhythmias associated with central venous catheter insertion or exchange. Nutrition. 1992 Jan-Feb; 8(1):19-21. PMID: 1562783.
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  141. Apovian CM, McMahon MM, Bistrian BR. Guidelines for refeeding the marasmic patient. Crit Care Med. 1990 Sep; 18(9):1030-3. PMID: 2118441.
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  142. Stuart RK, Apovian C, Bell SJ, Blackburn GL. Perioperative nutrition in cancer patients. Nutrition. 1990 Jul-Aug; 6(4 Suppl):4S-6S. PMID: 2152001.
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  143. Stuart RK, Shikora SA, Akerman P, Lowell JA, Baxter JK, Apovian C, Champagne C, Jennings A, Keane-Ellison M, Bistrian BR. Incidence of arrhythmia with central venous catheter insertion and exchange. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1990 Mar-Apr; 14(2):152-5. PMID: 2112623.
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  144. Baden LA, Apovian C, Imber MJ, Dover JS. Vancomycin-induced linear IgA bullous dermatosis. Arch Dermatol. 1988 Aug; 124(8):1186-8. PMID: 3041915.
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