Keywords
Last Name

Daniel Brooks, DSc

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionBoston University School of Public Health
DepartmentEpidemiology
Address715 Albany St Talbot Building
Boston MA 02118
Phone(617) 638-6725
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0001-6220-6889
 Research Expertise & Professional Interests
Dr. Brooks is also the Associate Chair for Education in the Department of Epidemiology, director of the MPH certificate in Chronic and Non-communicable Diseases, member of the Epidemiology Doctoral Committee, and the instructor for a doctoral-level seminar in issues of study design. Prior to joining the faculty at BUSPH, Dr. Brooks spent more than 10 years at the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, first as Research Director for the Occupational Health Surveillance Program and then as Director of the Health Survey Program, where he directed all aspects of the Massachusetts Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS).


Dr. Brooks has two primary areas of research focus:
(1) He leads an international team of researchers investigating the causes of an epidemic of chronic kidney disease of undetermined etiology (CKDu) in Central America that primarily affects poorer male manual laborers and is responsible for an estimated 20,000 deaths over the past two decades (http://www.bu.edu/sph/research/research-landing-page/research-group-for-the-study-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-central-america/). The research is informed by a lifecourse approach, focusing on occupational risks, early life exposures, and genetic susceptibility that might potentiate environmental exposures. Suspected environmental factors under investigation include heat stress and dehydration, agrichemicals, infectious agents, metals, and medications with potential for kidney toxicity. Dr. Brooks also is a member of the Executive Board of the Consortium on the Epidemic of Nephropathy in Central America and Mexico (CENCAM), an organization of researchers, clinicians, and public health professionals from more than a dozen countries whose mission is to contribute to knowledge generation and to promote and facilitate activities and policies to reduce CKDu occurrence in the affected countries.

(2) A second area of research focuses on increasing cessation among low-income smokers, particularly residents of public housing. Dr. Brooks was principal investigator of a grant from the National Cancer Institute to conduct a group-randomized trial in Boston public housing developments to test whether use of specialized resident community health advocates could increase use of smoking cessation treatments and subsequent quit rates among smokers living in public housing. Results of the study indicated that this may be an effective strategy. Currently, his work in this area focuses particularly on the federal rule mandating smoke-free policies in public housing authorities throughout the country. Ongoing studies include (i) an intervention funded by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to increase resident support and compliance with a smoke-free policy in a privately managed affordable housing setting and (ii) a study co-funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and American Cancer Society to learn from the experiences of housing authorities that have already voluntarily adopted smoke-free policies in order to assist the large number of authorities who will be adopting policies as a result of the federal rule.

 Publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Moses E, Wang T, Corbett S, Jackson GR, Drizik E, Perdomo C, Perdomo C, Kleerup E, Brooks D, O'Connor G, Dubinett S, Hayden P, Lenburg ME, Spira A. Molecular Impact of Electronic Cigarette Aerosol Exposure in Human Bronchial Epithelium. Toxicol Sci. 2017 Jan; 155(1):248-257. PMID: 27701119.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Kupferman J, Amador JJ, Lynch KE, Laws RL, López-Pilarte D, Ramírez-Rubio O, Kaufman JS, Lau JL, Weiner DE, Robles NV, Verma KP, Scammell MK, McClean MD, Brooks DR, Friedman DJ. Characterization of Mesoamerican Nephropathy in a Kidney Failure Hotspot in Nicaragua. Am J Kidney Dis. 2016 Nov; 68(5):716-725. PMID: 27575010.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Minnings K, Fiore M, Mosco M, Ferguson R, Leatherman S, Kerns E, Kaufman J, Fiore M, Brooks D, Amador JJ, Paulsen H, Ernstberger Z, Trejo B, Sullivan E, Lichtman A, Nobil K, Lawlor M, Parker C, Parekh R, Fiore L. The Rivas Cohort Study: design and baseline characteristics of a Nicaraguan cohort. BMC Nephrol. 2016; 17:93. PMID: 27456863.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Geller AC, Rees VW, Brooks DR. The Proposal for Smoke-Free Public Housing: Benefits, Challenges, and Opportunities for 2 Million Residents. JAMA. 2016 Mar 15; 315(11):1105-6. PMID: 26882206.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Hatch EE, Hahn KA, Wise LA, Mikkelsen EM, Kumar R, Fox MP, Brooks DR, Riis AH, Sorensen HT, Rothman KJ. Evaluation of Selection Bias in an Internet-based Study of Pregnancy Planners. Epidemiology. 2016 Jan; 27(1):98-104. PMID: 26484423.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Laws RL, Brooks DR, Amador JJ, Weiner DE, Kaufman JS, Ramírez-Rubio O, Riefkohl A, Scammell MK, López-Pilarte D, Sánchez JM, Parikh CR, McClean MD. Biomarkers of Kidney Injury Among Nicaraguan Sugarcane Workers. Am J Kidney Dis. 2016 Feb; 67(2):209-17. PMID: 26454687.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Ramírez-Rubio O, Amador JJ, Kaufman JS, Weiner DE, Parikh CR, Khan U, McClean MD, Laws RL, López-Pilarte D, Friedman DJ, Kupferman J, Brooks DR. Urine biomarkers of kidney injury among adolescents in Nicaragua, a region affected by an epidemic of chronic kidney disease of unknown aetiology. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2016 Mar; 31(3):424-32. PMID: 26311057.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Laws RL, Brooks DR, Amador JJ, Weiner DE, Kaufman JS, Ramírez-Rubio O, Riefkohl A, Scammell MK, López-Pilarte D, Sánchez JM, Parikh CR, McClean MD. Changes in kidney function among Nicaraguan sugarcane workers. Int J Occup Environ Health. 2015 Jul-Sep; 21(3):241-50. PMID: 25631575.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Heaton B, Applebaum KM, Rothman KJ, Brooks DR, Heeren T, Dietrich T, Garcia RI. The influence of prevalent cohort bias in the association between periodontal disease progression and incident coronary heart disease. Ann Epidemiol. 2014 Oct; 24(10):741-6. PMID: 25169680.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Ramirez-Rubio O, Brooks DR, Amador JJ, Kaufman JS, Weiner DE, Scammell MK. Chronic kidney disease in Nicaragua: a qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews with physicians and pharmacists. BMC Public Health. 2013; 13:350. PMID: 23590528.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Kabali C, Mtei L, Brooks DR, Waddell R, Bakari M, Matee M, Arbeit RD, Pallangyo K, von Reyn CF, Horsburgh CR. Increased mortality associated with treated active tuberculosis in HIV-infected adults in Tanzania. Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2013 Jul; 93(4):461-6. PMID: 23523641.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Semrau K, Kuhn L, Brooks DR, Cabral H, Sinkala M, Kankasa C, Thea DM, Aldrovandi GM. Dynamics of breast milk HIV-1 RNA with unilateral mastitis or abscess. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Mar 1; 62(3):348-55. PMID: 23202812.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Ramirez-Rubio O, McClean MD, Amador JJ, Brooks DR. An epidemic of chronic kidney disease in Central America: an overview. Postgrad Med J. 2013 Mar; 89(1049):123-5. PMID: 23417684.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Weiner DE, McClean MD, Kaufman JS, Brooks DR. The Central American epidemic of CKD. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2013 Mar; 8(3):504-11. PMID: 23099656.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Ramirez-Rubio O, McClean MD, Amador JJ, Brooks DR. An epidemic of chronic kidney disease in Central America: an overview. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013 Jan; 67(1):1-3. PMID: 23002432.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Al-Farsi YM, Brooks DR, Werler MM, Cabral HJ, Al-Shafaee MA, Wallenburg HC. Effect of high parity on occurrence of some fetal growth indices: a cohort study. Int J Womens Health. 2012; 4:289-93. PMID: 22870043.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Brooks DR, Ramirez-Rubio O, Amador JJ. CKD in Central America: a hot issue. Am J Kidney Dis. 2012 Apr; 59(4):481-4. PMID: 22444491.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Brooks DR, Avetisyan R, Jarrett KM, Hanchate A, Shapiro GD, Pugh MJ, Berlowitz DR, Thurman D, Montouris G, Kazis LE. Validation of self-reported epilepsy for purposes of community surveillance. Epilepsy Behav. 2012 Jan; 23(1):57-63. PMID: 22189155.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Swetter SM, Pollitt RA, Johnson TM, Brooks DR, Geller AC. Behavioral determinants of successful early melanoma detection: role of self and physician skin examination. Cancer. 2012 Aug 1; 118(15):3725-34. PMID: 22179848.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Kabali C, von Reyn CF, Brooks DR, Waddell R, Mtei L, Bakari M, Matee M, Pallangyo K, Arbeit RD, Horsburgh CR. Completion of isoniazid preventive therapy and survival in HIV-infected, TST-positive adults in Tanzania. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Nov; 15(11):1515-21, i. PMID: 22008766.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Kabali C, Cheng DM, Brooks DR, Bridden C, Horsburgh CR, Samet JH. Recent cigarette smoking and HIV disease progression: no evidence of an association. AIDS Care. 2011 Aug; 23(8):947-56. PMID: 21400309.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Semrau K, Kuhn L, Brooks DR, Cabral H, Sinkala M, Kankasa C, Thea DM, Aldrovandi GM. Exclusive breastfeeding, maternal HIV disease, and the risk of clinical breast pathology in HIV-infected, breastfeeding women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Oct; 205(4):344.e1-8. PMID: 21784403.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Al-Farsi YM, Al-Sharbati MM, Al-Farsi OA, Al-Shafaee MS, Brooks DR, Waly MI. Brief report: Prevalence of autistic spectrum disorders in the Sultanate of Oman. J Autism Dev Disord. 2011 Jun; 41(6):821-5. PMID: 20809376.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Geller AC, Brooks DR, Woodring B, Oppenheimer S, McCabe M, Rogers J, Timm A, Resnick EA, Winickoff JP. Smoking cessation counseling for parents during child hospitalization: a national survey of pediatric nurses. Public Health Nurs. 2011 Nov-Dec; 28(6):475-84. PMID: 22092457.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Al-Farsi YM, Brooks DR, Werler MM, Cabral HJ, Al-Shafei MA, Wallenburg HC. Effect of high parity on occurrence of anemia in pregnancy: a cohort study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2011; 11:7. PMID: 21251269.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Rorie JA, Smith A, Evans T, Horsburgh CR, Brooks DR, Goodman R, Bunte D, Strunin L, de la Rosa D, Geller A. Using resident health advocates to improve public health screening and follow-up among public housing residents, Boston, 2007-2008. Prev Chronic Dis. 2011 Jan; 8(1):A15. PMID: 21159227.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Al-Farsi YM, Brooks DR, Werler MM, Cabral HJ, Al-Shafei MA, Wallenburg HC. Effect of high parity on the occurrence of prediabetes: a cohort study. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2010 Sep; 89(9):1182-6. PMID: 20804345.
    View in: PubMed
  28. O'Donnell JK, Tobey M, Weiner DE, Stevens LA, Johnson S, Stringham P, Cohen B, Brooks DR. Prevalence of and risk factors for chronic kidney disease in rural Nicaragua. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2011 Sep; 26(9):2798-805. PMID: 20615905.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Soderland P, Lovekar S, Weiner DE, Brooks DR, Kaufman JS. Chronic kidney disease associated with environmental toxins and exposures. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2010 May; 17(3):254-64. PMID: 20439094.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Zhang X, Sebastiani P, Liu G, Schembri F, Zhang X, Dumas YM, Langer EM, Alekseyev Y, O'Connor GT, Brooks DR, Lenburg ME, Spira A. Similarities and differences between smoking-related gene expression in nasal and bronchial epithelium. Physiol Genomics. 2010 Mar 3; 41(1):1-8. PMID: 19952278.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Pollitt RA, Geller AC, Brooks DR, Johnson TM, Park ER, Swetter SM. Efficacy of skin self-examination practices for early melanoma detection. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2009 Nov; 18(11):3018-23. PMID: 19861521.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Geller AC, Elwood M, Swetter SM, Brooks DR, Aitken J, Youl PH, Demierre MF, Baade PD. Factors related to the presentation of thin and thick nodular melanoma from a population-based cancer registry in Queensland Australia. Cancer. 2009 Mar 15; 115(6):1318-27. PMID: 19189368.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Fox MP, Brooks DR, Kuhn L, Aldrovandi G, Sinkala M, Kankasa C, Horsburgh R, Thea DM. Role of breastfeeding cessation in mediating the relationship between maternal HIV disease stage and increased child mortality among HIV-exposed uninfected children. Int J Epidemiol. 2009 Apr; 38(2):569-76. PMID: 19047077.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Geller AC, Brooks DR, Powers CA, Brooks KR, Rigotti NA, Bognar B, McIntosh S, Zapka J. Tobacco cessation and prevention practices reported by second and fourth year students at US medical schools. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Jul; 23(7):1071-6. PMID: 18612747.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Digenis-Bury EC, Brooks DR, Chen L, Ostrem M, Horsburgh CR. Use of a population-based survey to describe the health of Boston public housing residents. Am J Public Health. 2008 Jan; 98(1):85-91. PMID: 18048798.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Brooks DR, Klint A, Dickman PW, Ståhle E, Lambe M. Temporal trends in non-small cell lung cancer survival in Sweden. Br J Cancer. 2007 Feb 12; 96(3):519-22. PMID: 17245337.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Mucci LA, Wood PA, Cohen B, Clements KM, Brawarsky P, Brooks DR. Validity of self-reported health plan information in a population-based health survey. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2006 Nov-Dec; 12(6):570-7. PMID: 17041306.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Merewood A, Brooks D, Bauchner H, MacAuley L, Mehta SD. Maternal birthplace and breastfeeding initiation among term and preterm infants: a statewide assessment for Massachusetts. Pediatrics. 2006 Oct; 118(4):e1048-54. PMID: 17015498.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Geller AC, Emmons KM, Brooks DR, Powers C, Zhang Z, Koh HK, Heeren T, Sober AJ, Li F, Gilchrest BA. A randomized trial to improve early detection and prevention practices among siblings of melanoma patients. Cancer. 2006 Aug 15; 107(4):806-14. PMID: 16832795.
    View in: PubMed
  40. O'Riordan DL, Field AE, Geller AC, Brooks DR, Aweh G, Colditz GA, Frazier AL. Frequent tanning bed use, weight concerns, and other health risk behaviors in adolescent females (United States). Cancer Causes Control. 2006 Jun; 17(5):679-86. PMID: 16633915.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Brooks K, Brooks D, Dajani Z, Swetter SM, Powers E, Pagoto S, Geller AC. Use of artificial tanning products among young adults. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2006 Jun; 54(6):1060-6. PMID: 16713463.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Clements KM, Cohen BB, Brawarsky P, Brooks DR, Mucci LA, Wood PA. Identifying Health Maintenance Organization membership through self-report of health plan name: ascertainment and reliability. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2006 May-Jun; 12(3):278-87. PMID: 16614564.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Geller AC, Brooks DR, Colditz GA, Koh HK, Frazier AL. Sun protection practices among offspring of women with personal or family history of skin cancer. Pediatrics. 2006 Apr; 117(4):e688-94. PMID: 16585282.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Bradbury BD, Brooks DR, Brawarsky P, Mucci LA. Test-retest reliability of colorectal testing questions on the Massachusetts Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Prev Med. 2005 Jul; 41(1):303-11. PMID: 15917026.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Yih WK, Brooks DR, Lett SM, Jumaan AO, Zhang Z, Clements KM, Seward JF. The incidence of varicella and herpes zoster in Massachusetts as measured by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) during a period of increasing varicella vaccine coverage, 1998-2003. BMC Public Health. 2005; 5:68. PMID: 15960856.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Brooks KR, Brooks DR, Hufford D, Samenow J, Geller AC. Are television stations and weather pages still reporting the UV index? A national media follow-up study. Arch Dermatol. 2005 Apr; 141(4):526. PMID: 15837879.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Brooks DR, Austin JH, Heelan RT, Ginsberg MS, Shin V, Olson SH, Muscat JE, Stellman SD. Influence of type of cigarette on peripheral versus central lung cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005 Mar; 14(3):576-81. PMID: 15767332.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Brooks DR, Mucci LA, Hatch EE, Cnattingius S. Maternal smoking during pregnancy and risk of brain tumors in the offspring. A prospective study of 1.4 million Swedish births. Cancer Causes Control. 2004 Dec; 15(10):997-1005. PMID: 15801484.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Benjes LS, Brooks DR, Zhang Z, Livstone L, Sayers L, Powers C, Miller DR, Heeren T, Geller AC. Changing patterns of sun protection between the first and second summers for very young children. Arch Dermatol. 2004 Aug; 140(8):925-30. PMID: 15313807.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Brawarsky P, Brooks DR, Mucci LA, Wood PA. Effect of physician recommendation and patient adherence on rates of colorectal cancer testing. Cancer Detect Prev. 2004; 28(4):260-8. PMID: 15350629.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Geller AC, Emmons K, Brooks DR, Zhang Z, Powers C, Koh HK, Sober AJ, Miller DR, Li F, Haluska F, Gilchrest BA. Skin cancer prevention and detection practices among siblings of patients with melanoma. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2003 Oct; 49(4):631-8. PMID: 14512908.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Brooks DR, Palmer JR, Strom BL, Rosenberg L. Menthol cigarettes and risk of lung cancer. Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Oct 1; 158(7):609-16; discussion 617-20. PMID: 14507595.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Brawarsky P, Brooks DR, Mucci LA. Correlates of colorectal cancer testing in Massachusetts men and women. Prev Med. 2003 Jun; 36(6):659-68. PMID: 12744908.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Geller AC, Zhang Z, Sober AJ, Halpern AC, Weinstock MA, Daniels S, Miller DR, Demierre MF, Brooks DR, Gilchrest BA. The first 15 years of the American Academy of Dermatology skin cancer screening programs: 1985-1999. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2003 Jan; 48(1):34-41. PMID: 12522368.
    View in: PubMed
  55. O'Riordan DL, Geller AC, Brooks DR, Zhang Z, Miller DR. Sunburn reduction through parental role modeling and sunscreen vigilance. J Pediatr. 2003 Jan; 142(1):67-72. PMID: 12520258.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Geller AC, Sober AJ, Zhang Z, Brooks DR, Miller DR, Halpern A, Gilchrest BA. Strategies for improving melanoma education and screening for men age >or= 50 years: findings from the American Academy of Dermatological National Skin Cancer Sreening Program. Cancer. 2002 Oct 1; 95(7):1554-61. PMID: 12237925.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Prout MN, Martinez O, Ballas J, Geller AC, Lash TL, Brooks D, Heeren T. Who uses the Smoker's Quitline in Massachusetts? Tob Control. 2002 Jun; 11 Suppl 2:ii74-5. PMID: 12034987.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Geller AC, Cantor M, Miller DR, Kenausis K, Rosseel K, Rutsch L, Brooks DR, Zhang Z, Demierre MF. The Environmental Protection Agency's National SunWise School Program: sun protection education in US schools (1999-2000). J Am Acad Dermatol. 2002 May; 46(5):683-9. PMID: 12004307.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Demierre MF, Brooks D, Koh HK, Geller AC. Public knowledge, awareness, and perceptions of the association between skin aging and smoking. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1999 Jul; 41(1):27-30. PMID: 10411406.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Coogan PF, Adams M, Geller AC, Brooks D, Miller DR, Lew RA, Koh HK. Factors associated with smoking among children and adolescents in Connecticut. Am J Prev Med. 1998 Jul; 15(1):17-24. PMID: 9651634.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Geller AC, Hufford D, Miller DR, Sun T, Wyatt SW, Reilley B, Bewerse B, Lisco J, Brooks D, Grupenhoff J, Weary P, Lew RA, Koh HK. Evaluation of the Ultraviolet Index: media reactions and public response. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1997 Dec; 37(6):935-41. PMID: 9418760.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Geller AC, Brooks DR, Barber CE, Koh HK, Lew RA, Wax S, Prout MN. Advances in screening protocols for the detection of early bladder cancer. J Occup Med. 1990 Sep; 32(9):929-35. PMID: 2074522.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Riefkohl A, Ramírez-Rubio O, Laws RL, McClean MD, Weiner DE, Kaufman JS, Galloway RL, Shadomy SV, Guerra M, Amador JJ, Sánchez JM, López-Pilarte D, Parikh CR, Leibler J, Brooks DR. Leptospira seropositivity as a risk factor for Mesoamerican Nephropathy. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health.
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