Keywords
Last Name

William B. MacLeod, ScD

TitleAssistant Professor
InstitutionBoston University School of Public Health
DepartmentGlobal Health
Address801 Massachusetts Ave Crosstown Center
Boston MA 02118
Phone(617) 414-1270
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0001-8003-8874
 Research Expertise & Professional Interests
Bill is a demographer who uses his skills in statistical programming, epidemiology, and biostatistics to lead the International Research Coordinating Center (IRCC) at the Center for International Health and Development (CIHD). The IRCC is responsible for the design, data management, and analysis of the CIHD conducted studies including international multi-center clinical equivalency trials, multi-center efficacy trials, and large-scale household surveys. At CIHD, he also manages a health research grant program in Zambia which focuses on funding policy oriented applied research projects coupled with technical assistance to build research capacity. Bill earned his Doctors and Master of Science in Population and International Health from the Harvard School of Public Health and his Bachelors in Arts in International Relations from the University of California at Davis. He spent three years as a policy analyst at the US Environmental Protection Agency in the Recycling Section of the Office of Solid Waste, and two years as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Honduras. Bill has worked and traveled around the world.

 Publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Iliaki E, Chen LH, Hamer DH, Macleod WB, Jentes ES, Barnett ED, Wilson ME. Travel to Brazil: Analysis of Data From the Boston Area Travel Medicine Network (BATMN) and Relevance to Travelers Attending World Cup and Olympics. J Travel Med. 2014 May; 21(3):214-7.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Wylie BJ, Coull BA, Hamer DH, Singh MP, Jack D, Yeboah-Antwi K, Sabin L, Singh N, Macleod WB. Impact of biomass fuels on pregnancy outcomes in central East India. Environ Health. 2014; 13(1):1.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Ive P, Macleod W, Mkumla N, Orrell C, Jentsch U, Wallis CL, Stevens W, Wood R, Sanne I, Bhattacharya D. Low Prevalence of Liver Disease but Regional Differences in HBV Treatment Characteristics Mark HIV/HBV Co-Infection in a South African HIV Clinical Trial. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e74900.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Hochberg NS, Barnett ED, Chen LH, Wilson ME, Iyer H, Macleod WB, Yanni E, Jentes ES, Karchmer AW, Ooi W, Kogelman L, Benoit C, Hamer DH. International travel by persons with medical comorbidities: understanding risks and providing advice. Mayo Clin Proc. 2013 Nov; 88(11):1231-40.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Moschovis PP, Banajeh S, Macleod WB, Saha S, Hayden D, Christiani DC, Mino G, Santosham M, Thea DM, Qazi S, Hibberd PL. Childhood anemia at high altitude: risk factors for poor outcomes in severe pneumonia. Pediatrics. 2013 Nov; 132(5):e1156-62.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Benoit CM, MacLeod WB, Hamer DH, Sanchez-Vegas C, Chen LH, Wilson ME, Karchmer AW, Yanni E, Hochberg NS, Ooi WW, Kogelman L, Barnett ED. Acceptability of hypothetical dengue vaccines among travelers. J Travel Med. 2013 Nov-Dec; 20(6):346-51.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Sanchez-Vegas C, Hamer DH, Chen LH, Wilson ME, Benoit C, Hunsperger E, Macleod WB, Jentes ES, Ooi WW, Karchmer AW, Kogelman L, Yanni E, Marano N, Barnett ED. Prevalence of dengue virus infection in US travelers who have lived in or traveled to dengue-endemic countries. J Travel Med. 2013 Nov-Dec; 20(6):352-60.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Yeboah-Antwi K, Snetro-Plewman G, Waltensperger KZ, Hamer DH, Kambikambi C, MacLeod W, Filumba S, Sichamba B, Marsh D. Measuring teamwork and taskwork of community-based "teams" delivering life-saving health interventions in rural Zambia: a qualitative study. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2013; 13(1):84.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Chen LH, Barnett ED, Wilson ME, MacLeod W, Yanni EA, Ooi W, Karchmer AW, Kogelman L, Marano N, Hamer DH. Response to letter. J Travel Med. 2013 May-Jun; 20(3):210.
    View in: PubMed
  10. MacLeod WB, Maskew M, A Jaffray I, MacPhail AP, D Ive P, Fox MP. The feasibility of using screening criteria to reduce clinic visits for stable patients on antiretroviral therapy in South Africa. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Mar 1; 62(3):e82-6.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Chen LH, Barnett ED, Wilson ME, Macleod W, Yanni EA, Ooi W, Karchmer AW, Kogelman L, Marano N, Hamer DH. Hepatitis B screening in US travelers seen at the Boston area travel medicine network. J Travel Med. 2013 Jan-Feb; 20(1):29-36.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Seidenberg PD, Hamer DH, Iyer H, Pilingana P, Siazeele K, Hamainza B, MacLeod WB, Yeboah-Antwi K. Impact of integrated community case management on health-seeking behavior in rural Zambia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012 Nov; 87(5 Suppl):105-10.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Fox MP, Shearer K, Maskew M, Macleod W, Majuba P, Macphail P, Sanne I. Treatment outcomes after 7 years of public-sector HIV treatment. AIDS. 2012 Sep 10; 26(14):1823-8.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Han P, Yanni E, Jentes ES, Hamer DH, Chen LH, Wilson ME, Macleod WB, Ooi WW, Kogelman L, Karchmer AW, Barnett ED. Health challenges of young travelers visiting friends and relatives compared with those traveling for other purposes. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2012 Sep; 31(9):915-9.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Schnippel K, Meyer-Rath G, Long L, MacLeod W, Sanne I, Stevens WS, Rosen S. Scaling up Xpert MTB/RIF technology: the costs of laboratory- vs. clinic-based roll-out in South Africa. Trop Med Int Health. 2012 Sep; 17(9):1142-51.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Meyer-Rath G, Schnippel K, Long L, MacLeod W, Sanne I, Stevens W, Pillay S, Pillay Y, Rosen S. The impact and cost of scaling up GeneXpert MTB/RIF in South Africa. PLoS One. 2012; 7(5):e36966.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Sabin LL, Knapp AB, MacLeod WB, Phiri-Mazala G, Kasimba J, Hamer DH, Gill CJ. Costs and cost-effectiveness of training traditional birth attendants to reduce neonatal mortality in the Lufwanyama Neonatal Survival study (LUNESP). PLoS One. 2012; 7(4):e35560.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Fox MP, Maskew M, MacPhail AP, Long L, Brennan AT, Westreich D, MacLeod WB, Majuba P, Sanne IM. Cohort profile: the Themba Lethu Clinical Cohort, Johannesburg, South Africa. Int J Epidemiol. 2013 Apr; 42(2):430-9.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Hamer DH, Brooks ET, Semrau K, Pilingana P, MacLeod WB, Siazeele K, Sabin LL, Thea DM, Yeboah-Antwi K. Quality and safety of integrated community case management of malaria using rapid diagnostic tests and pneumonia by community health workers. Pathog Glob Health. 2012 Mar; 106(1):32-9.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Soofi S, Ahmed S, Fox MP, MacLeod WB, Thea DM, Qazi SA, Bhutta ZA. Effectiveness of community case management of severe pneumonia with oral amoxicillin in children aged 2-59 months in Matiari district, rural Pakistan: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2012 Feb 25; 379(9817):729-37.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Bari A, Sadruddin S, Khan A, Khan Iu, Khan A, Lehri IA, Macleod WB, Fox MP, Thea DM, Qazi SA. Community case management of severe pneumonia with oral amoxicillin in children aged 2-59 months in Haripur district, Pakistan: a cluster randomised trial. Lancet. 2011 Nov 19; 378(9805):1796-803.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Addo-Yobo E, Anh DD, El-Sayed HF, Fox LM, Fox MP, MacLeod W, Saha S, Tuan TA, Thea DM, Qazi S. Outpatient treatment of children with severe pneumonia with oral amoxicillin in four countries: the MASS study. Trop Med Int Health. 2011 Aug; 16(8):995-1006.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Gill CJ, Phiri-Mazala G, Guerina NG, Kasimba J, Mulenga C, MacLeod WB, Waitolo N, Knapp AB, Mirochnick M, Mazimba A, Fox MP, Sabin L, Seidenberg P, Simon JL, Hamer DH. Effect of training traditional birth attendants on neonatal mortality (Lufwanyama Neonatal Survival Project): randomised controlled study. BMJ. 2011; 342:d346.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Yeboah-Antwi K, Pilingana P, Macleod WB, Semrau K, Siazeele K, Kalesha P, Hamainza B, Seidenberg P, Mazimba A, Sabin L, Kamholz K, Thea DM, Hamer DH. Community case management of fever due to malaria and pneumonia in children under five in Zambia: a cluster randomized controlled trial. PLoS Med. 2010 Sep; 7(9):e1000340.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Wylie BJ, Hashmi AH, Singh N, Singh MP, Tuchman J, Hussain M, Sabin L, Yeboah-Antwi K, Banerjee C, Brooks MI, Desai M, Udhayakumar V, Macleod WB, Dash AP, Hamer DH. Availability and utilization of malaria prevention strategies in pregnancy in eastern India. BMC Public Health. 2010; 10:557.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Hamer DH, Singh MP, Wylie BJ, Yeboah-Antwi K, Tuchman J, Desai M, Udhayakumar V, Gupta P, Brooks MI, Shukla MM, Awasthy K, Sabin L, MacLeod WB, Dash AP, Singh N. Burden of malaria in pregnancy in Jharkhand State, India. Malar J. 2009; 8:210.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Litzow JM, Gill CJ, Mantaring JB, Fox MP, MacLeod WB, Mendoza M, Mendoza S, Scobie R, Huskins CW, Goldman DA, Hamer DH. High frequency of multidrug-resistant gram-negative rods in 2 neonatal intensive care units in the Philippines. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2009 Jun; 30(6):543-9.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Gill CJ, Mantaring JB, Macleod WB, Mendoza M, Mendoza S, Huskins WC, Goldmann DA, Hamer DH. Impact of enhanced infection control at 2 neonatal intensive care units in the Philippines. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Jan 1; 48(1):13-21.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Gill CJ, Mwanakasale V, Fox MP, Chilengi R, Tembo M, Nsofwa M, Chalwe V, Mwananyanda L, Mukwamataba D, Malilwe B, Champo D, Macleod WB, Thea DM, Hamer DH. Effect of presumptive co-trimoxazole prophylaxis on pneumococcal colonization rates, seroepidemiology and antibiotic resistance in Zambian infants: a longitudinal cohort study. Bull World Health Organ. 2008 Dec; 86(12):929-38.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Gill CJ, Mwanakasale V, Fox MP, Chilengi R, Tembo M, Nsofwa M, Chalwe V, Mwananyanda L, Mukwamataba D, Malilwe B, Champo D, Macleod WB, Thea DM, Hamer DH. Impact of human immunodeficiency virus infection on Streptococcus pneumoniae colonization and seroepidemiology among Zambian women. J Infect Dis. 2008 Apr 1; 197(7):1000-5.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Asghar R, Banajeh S, Egas J, Hibberd P, Iqbal I, Katep-Bwalya M, Kundi Z, Law P, MacLeod W, Maulen-Radovan I, Mino G, Saha S, Sempertegui F, Simon J, Santosham M, Singhi S, Thea DM, Qazi S. Chloramphenicol versus ampicillin plus gentamicin for community acquired very severe pneumonia among children aged 2-59 months in low resource settings: multicentre randomised controlled trial (SPEAR study). BMJ. 2008 Jan 12; 336(7635):80-4.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Hazir T, Fox LM, Nisar YB, Fox MP, Ashraf YP, MacLeod WB, Ramzan A, Maqbool S, Masood T, Hussain W, Murtaza A, Khawar N, Tariq P, Asghar R, Simon JL, Thea DM, Qazi SA. Ambulatory short-course high-dose oral amoxicillin for treatment of severe pneumonia in children: a randomised equivalency trial. Lancet. 2008 Jan 5; 371(9606):49-56.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Gill CJ, Macleod WB, Mwanakasale V, Chalwe V, Mwananyanda L, Champo D, Mukwamataba D, Chilengi R, Thea DM, Hamer DH. Inferiority of single-dose sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine intermittent preventive therapy for malaria during pregnancy among HIV-positive Zambian women. J Infect Dis. 2007 Dec 1; 196(11):1577-84.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Hamer DH, Mwanakasale V, Macleod WB, Chalwe V, Mukwamataba D, Champo D, Mwananyanda L, Chilengi R, Mubikayi L, Mulele CK, Mulenga M, Thea DM, Gill CJ. Two-dose versus monthly intermittent preventive treatment of malaria with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in HIV-seropositive pregnant Zambian women. J Infect Dis. 2007 Dec 1; 196(11):1585-94.
    View in: PubMed
  35. MacLeod WB, Martin MT. Powering the future: how Hamilton Health Sciences put cogeneration to work for healthcare. Healthc Q. 2007; 10(2):76-80.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Jeena P, Thea DM, MacLeod WB, Chisaka N, Fox MP, Coovadia HM, Qazi S. Failure of standard antimicrobial therapy in children aged 3-59 months with mild or asymptomatic HIV infection and severe pneumonia. Bull World Health Organ. 2006 Apr; 84(4):269-75.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Duggan C, MacLeod WB, Krebs NF, Westcott JL, Fawzi WW, Premji ZG, Mwanakasale V, Simon JL, Yeboah-Antwi K, Hamer DH. Plasma zinc concentrations are depressed during the acute phase response in children with falciparum malaria. J Nutr. 2005 Apr; 135(4):802-7.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Arlen J, MacLeod WB. Torts, expertise, and authority: liability of physicians and managed care organizations. Rand J Econ. 2005; 36(3):494-519.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Addo-Yobo E, Chisaka N, Hassan M, Hibberd P, Lozano JM, Jeena P, MacLeod WB, Maulen I, Patel A, Qazi S, Thea DM, Nguyen NT. Oral amoxicillin versus injectable penicillin for severe pneumonia in children aged 3 to 59 months: a randomised multicentre equivalency study. Lancet. 2004 Sep 25-Oct 1; 364(9440):1141-8.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Fox MP, Rosen S, MacLeod WB, Wasunna M, Bii M, Foglia G, Simon JL. The impact of HIV/AIDS on labour productivity in Kenya. Trop Med Int Health. 2004 Mar; 9(3):318-24.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Evian C, Fox M, MacLeod W, Slotow SJ, Rosen S. Prevalence of HIV in workforces in southern Africa, 2000-2001. S Afr Med J. 2004 Feb; 94(2):125-30.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Rosen S, Vincent JR, MacLeod W, Fox M, Thea DM, Simon JL. The cost of HIV/AIDS to businesses in southern Africa. AIDS. 2004 Jan 23; 18(2):317-24.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Hamer DH, MacLeod WB, Addo-Yobo E, Duggan CP, Estrella B, Fawzi WW, Konde-Lule JK, Mwanakasale V, Premji ZG, Sempértegui F, Ssengooba FP, Yeboah-Antwi K, Simon JL. Age, temperature, and parasitaemia predict chloroquine treatment failure and anaemia in children with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2003 Jul-Aug; 97(4):422-8.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Rosen S, Simon J, Vincent JR, MacLeod W, Fox M, Thea DM. AIDS is your business. Harv Bus Rev. 2003 Feb; 81(2):80-7, 125.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Hamer DH, Egas J, Estrella B, MacLeod WB, Griffiths JK, Sempértegui F. Assessment of the Binax NOW Streptococcus pneumoniae urinary antigen test in children with nasopharyngeal pneumococcal carriage. Clin Infect Dis. 2002 Apr 1; 34(7):1025-8.
    View in: PubMed
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