Keywords
Last Name

Allen L. Gifford, MD

TitleProfessor
InstitutionBoston University School of Public Health
DepartmentHealth Policy & Management
Address25 Buick St
Boston MA 02215
Phone(781) 687-3417
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0001-6442-1128
Other Positions
TitleProfessor
InstitutionBoston University School of Medicine
DepartmentMedicine
DivisionGeneral Internal Medicine

InstitutionBedford VA - Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial VA Hosp

 Research Expertise & Professional Interests
In March of 2006, Dr. Gifford joined Boston University and the Bedford VA Medical Center as Associate Director at the Center for Health Quality, Outcomes, and Economic Research (CHQOER). He is Professor of Health Policy and Management, and of Medicine at Boston University. He is also Co-Director of the HIV/Hepatitis QUERI (Quality Enhancement research Initiative) a national Program funded by the Department of Veteran Affairs to support Implementation and Quality Improvement research for HIV and Hepatitis.

Dr. Gifford’s research focuses on quality of healthcare for HIV and for Hepatitis, with special emphases on implementation of quality improvement measures, patient-centered care, and patient self-management. He has been a recipient of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Generalist Physician Faculty Scholar Award for his research on medication adherence support programs, and a VA Advanced Research Career Development Award for implementation research. He has been Principal Investigator of a variety of studies, including NIH R01, VA HSR&D and private foundation funding. He currently leads a 4-site randomized controlled trial of a clinic-based tablet computer intervention to improve the quality of care for HIV medication adherence. Prior to joining BU Dr. Gifford was at the VA San Diego, and on the faculty of the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine for eleven years.

He is an attending physician, practicing HIV and Viral Hepatitis care at the Bedford and Boston VA Hospitals.

 Publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Fix GM, Asch SM, Saifu HN, Fletcher MD, Gifford AL, Bokhour BG. Delivering PACT-Principled Care: Are Specialty Care Patients Being Left Behind? J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Jul; 29 Suppl 2:695-702.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Southern WN, Drainoni ML, Smith BD, Koppelman E, McKee MD, Christiansen CL, Gifford AL, Weinbaum CM, Litwin AH. Physician nonadherence with a hepatitis C screening program. Qual Manag Health Care. 2014 Jan-Mar; 23(1):1-9.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Keith McInnes D, Shimada SL, Rao SR, Quill A, Duggal M, Gifford AL, Brandt CA, Houston TK, Ohl ME, Gordon KS, Mattocks KM, Kazis LE, Justice AC. Personal health record use and its association with antiretroviral adherence: survey and medical record data from 1871 US veterans infected with HIV. AIDS Behav. 2013 Nov; 17(9):3091-100.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Solomon JL, Gifford AL, Asch SM, Meuller N, Thomas CM, Stevens JM, Bokhour BG. How Do providers prioritize prevention? A qualitative study. Am J Manag Care. 2013; 19(10):e342-7.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Bachman Desilva M, Gifford AL, Keyi X, Li Z, Feng C, Brooks M, Harrold M, Yueying H, Gill CJ, Wubin X, Vian T, Haberer J, Bangsberg D, Sabin L. Feasibility and Acceptability of a Real-Time Adherence Device among HIV-Positive IDU Patients in China. AIDS Res Treat. 2013; 2013:957862.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Chan K, Lai MN, Groessl EJ, Hanchate AD, Wong JB, Clark JA, Asch SM, Gifford AL, Ho SB. Cost effectiveness of direct-acting antiviral therapy for treatment-naive patients with chronic HCV genotype 1 infection in the veterans health administration. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013 Nov; 11(11):1503-10.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Goetz MB, Hoang T, Knapp H, Burgess J, Fletcher MD, Gifford AL, Asch SM. Central implementation strategies outperform local ones in improving HIV testing in Veterans Healthcare Administration facilities. J Gen Intern Med. 2013 Oct; 28(10):1311-7.
    View in: PubMed
  8. McInnes DK, Solomon JL, Shimada SL, Petrakis BA, Bokhour BG, Asch SM, Nazi KM, Houston TK, Gifford AL. Development and evaluation of an internet and personal health record training program for low-income patients with HIV or hepatitis C. Med Care. 2013 Mar; 51(3 Suppl 1):S62-6.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Groessl EJ, Ho SB, Asch SM, Stepnowsky CJ, Laurent D, Gifford AL. The hepatitis C self-management program: sustainability of primary outcomes at 1 year. Health Educ Behav. 2013 Dec; 40(6):730-40.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Wardwell-Ozgo J, Dogruluk T, Gifford A, Zhang Y, Heffernan TP, van Doorn R, Creighton CJ, Chin L, Scott KL. HOXA1 drives melanoma tumor growth and metastasis and elicits an invasion gene expression signature that prognosticates clinical outcome. Oncogene. 2014 Feb 20; 33(8):1017-26.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Drainoni ML, Litwin AH, Smith BD, Koppelman EA, McKee MD, Christiansen CL, Gifford AL, Weinbaum CM, Southern WN. Effectiveness of a risk screener in identifying hepatitis C virus in a primary care setting. Am J Public Health. 2012 Nov; 102(11):e115-21.
    View in: PubMed
  12. McInnes DK, Hardy H, Goetz MB, Skolnik PR, Brewster AL, Hofmann RH, Gifford AL. Development and Field Testing of an HIV Medication Touch Screen Computer Patient Adherence Tool with Telephone-Based, Targeted Adherence Counseling. J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2013 Nov-Dec; 12(6):397-406.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Groessl EJ, Liu L, Ho SB, Kanwal F, Gifford AL, Asch SM. National patterns and predictors of liver biopsy use for management of hepatitis C. J Hepatol. 2012 Aug; 57(2):252-9.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Bottonari KA, Tripathi SP, Fortney JC, Curran G, Rimland D, Rodriguez-Barradas M, Gifford AL, Pyne JM. Correlates of antiretroviral and antidepressant adherence among depressed HIV-infected patients. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2012 May; 26(5):265-73.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Litwin AH, Smith BD, Drainoni ML, McKee D, Gifford AL, Koppelman E, Christiansen CL, Weinbaum CM, Southern WN. Primary care-based interventions are associated with increases in hepatitis C virus testing for patients at risk. Dig Liver Dis. 2012 Jun; 44(6):497-503.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Kemppainen J, Bormann JE, Shively M, Kelly A, Becker S, Bone P, Belding W, Gifford AL. Living with HIV: responses to a mantram intervention using the critical incident research method. J Altern Complement Med. 2012 Jan; 18(1):76-82.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Goetz MB, Hoang T, Knapp H, Henry SR, Anaya H, Chou AF, Gifford AL, Asch SM. Exportability of an intervention to increase HIV testing in the Veterans Health Administration. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2011 Dec; 37(12):553-9.
    View in: PubMed
  18. McInnes DK, Solomon JL, Bokhour BG, Asch SM, Ross D, Nazi KM, Gifford AL. Use of electronic personal health record systems to encourage HIV screening: an exploratory study of patient and provider perspectives. BMC Res Notes. 2011; 4:295.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Curran GM, Pyne J, Fortney JC, Gifford A, Asch SM, Rimland D, Rodriguez-Barradas M, Monson TP, Kilbourne AM, Hagedorn H, Atkinson JH. Development and implementation of collaborative care for depression in HIV clinics. AIDS Care. 2011 Dec; 23(12):1626-36.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Langer EM, Gifford AL, Chan K. Comparative Logic Modeling for policy analysis: the case of HIV testing policy change at the Department of Veterans Affairs. Health Serv Res. 2011 Oct; 46(5):1628-45.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Sengupta S, Lo B, Strauss RP, Eron J, Gifford AL. Pilot study demonstrating effectiveness of targeted education to improve informed consent understanding in AIDS clinical trials. AIDS Care. 2011 Nov; 23(11):1382-91.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Groessl EJ, Weingart KR, Stepnowsky CJ, Gifford AL, Asch SM, Ho SB. The hepatitis C self-management programme: a randomized controlled trial. J Viral Hepat. 2011 May; 18(5):358-68.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Pyne JM, Fortney JC, Curran GM, Tripathi S, Atkinson JH, Kilbourne AM, Hagedorn HJ, Rimland D, Rodriguez-Barradas MC, Monson T, Bottonari KA, Asch SM, Gifford AL. Effectiveness of collaborative care for depression in human immunodeficiency virus clinics. Arch Intern Med. 2011 Jan 10; 171(1):23-31.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Chaudhry AA, Berkenblit G, Gifford AL, Cofrancesco J, Sosman J, Sullivan LE. Update in HIV medicine for the generalist. J Gen Intern Med. 2011 May; 26(5):538-42.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Sengupta S, Lo B, Strauss RP, Eron J, Gifford AL. How researchers define vulnerable populations in HIV/AIDS clinical trials. AIDS Behav. 2010 Dec; 14(6):1313-9.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Groessl EJ, Weingart KR, Gifford AL, Asch SM, Ho SB. Development of the hepatitis C self-management program. Patient Educ Couns. 2011 May; 83(2):252-5.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Southern WN, Drainoni ML, Smith BD, Christiansen CL, McKee D, Gifford AL, Weinbaum CM, Thompson D, Koppelman E, Maher S, Litwin AH. Hepatitis C testing practices and prevalence in a high-risk urban ambulatory care setting. J Viral Hepat. 2011 Jul; 18(7):474-81.
    View in: PubMed
  28. McInnes DK, Gifford AL, Kazis LE, Wagner TH. Disparities in health-related internet use by US veterans: results from a national survey. Inform Prim Care. 2010; 18(1):59-68.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Nazi KM, Hogan TP, Wagner TH, McInnes DK, Smith BM, Haggstrom D, Chumbler NR, Gifford AL, Charters KG, Saleem JJ, Weingardt KR, Fischetti LF, Weaver FM. Embracing a health services research perspective on personal health records: lessons learned from the VA My HealtheVet system. J Gen Intern Med. 2010 Jan; 25 Suppl 1:62-7.
    View in: PubMed
  30. McInnes DK, Hyun JK, Trafton JA, Asch SM, Gifford AL. Program characteristics associated with testing for HIV and hepatitis C in veterans substance use disorder clinics. Psychiatr Serv. 2010 Jan; 61(1):90-4.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Goetz MB, Hoang T, Henry SR, Knapp H, Anaya HD, Gifford AL, Asch SM. Evaluation of the sustainability of an intervention to increase HIV testing. J Gen Intern Med. 2009 Dec; 24(12):1275-80.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Giordano TP, Hartman C, Gifford AL, Backus LI, Morgan RO. Predictors of retention in HIV care among a national cohort of US veterans. HIV Clin Trials. 2009 Sep-Oct; 10(5):299-305.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Bokhour BG, Solomon JL, Knapp H, Asch SM, Gifford AL. Barriers and facilitators to routine HIV testing in VA primary care. J Gen Intern Med. 2009 Oct; 24(10):1109-14.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Hoang T, Goetz MB, Yano EM, Rossman B, Anaya HD, Knapp H, Korthuis PT, Henry R, Bowman C, Gifford A, Asch SM. The impact of integrated HIV care on patient health outcomes. Med Care. 2009 May; 47(5):560-7.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Dookeran NM, Burgess JF, Bowman CC, Goetz MB, Asch SM, Gifford AL. HIV screening among substance-abusing veterans in care. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2009 Oct; 37(3):286-91.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Rongey CA, Kanwal F, Hoang T, Gifford AL, Asch SM. Viral RNA testing in hepatitis C antibody-positive veterans. Am J Prev Med. 2009 Mar; 36(3):235-8.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Pyne JM, Asch SM, Lincourt K, Kilbourne AM, Bowman C, Atkinson H, Gifford A. Quality indicators for depression care in HIV patients. AIDS Care. 2008 Oct; 20(9):1075-83.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Groessl EJ, Weingart KR, Kaplan RM, Clark JA, Gifford AL, Ho SB. Living with hepatitis C: qualitative interviews with hepatitis C-infected veterans. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Dec; 23(12):1959-65.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Sobo EJ, Bowman C, Gifford AL. Behind the scenes in health care improvement: the complex structures and emergent strategies of Implementation Science. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Nov; 67(10):1530-40.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Goetz MB, Hoang T, Bowman C, Knapp H, Rossman B, Smith R, Anaya H, Osborn T, Gifford AL, Asch SM. A system-wide intervention to improve HIV testing in the Veterans Health Administration. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Aug; 23(8):1200-7.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Bowman CC, Sobo EJ, Asch SM, Gifford AL. Measuring persistence of implementation: QUERI Series. Implement Sci. 2008; 3:21.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Anaya HD, Hoang T, Golden JF, Goetz MB, Gifford A, Bowman C, Osborn T, Owens DK, Sanders GD, Asch SM. Improving HIV screening and receipt of results by nurse-initiated streamlined counseling and rapid testing. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Jun; 23(6):800-7.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Goetz MB, Bowman C, Hoang T, Anaya H, Osborn T, Gifford AL, Asch SM. Implementing and evaluating a regional strategy to improve testing rates in VA patients at risk for HIV, utilizing the QUERI process as a guiding framework: QUERI Series. Implement Sci. 2008; 3:16.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Reynolds NR, Sun J, Nagaraja HN, Gifford AL, Wu AW, Chesney MA. Optimizing measurement of self-reported adherence with the ACTG Adherence Questionnaire: a cross-protocol analysis. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2007 Dec 1; 46(4):402-9.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Kanwal F, Hoang T, Spiegel BM, Eisen S, Dominitz JA, Gifford A, Goetz M, Asch SM. Predictors of treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis C infection - role of patient versus nonpatient factors. Hepatology. 2007 Dec; 46(6):1741-9.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Zúñiga ML, Blanco E, Martínez P, Strathdee SA, Gifford AL. Perceptions of barriers and facilitators to participation in clinical trials in HIV-positive Latinas: a pilot study. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2007 Nov; 16(9):1322-30.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Stepnowsky CJ, Palau JJ, Marler MR, Gifford AL. Pilot randomized trial of the effect of wireless telemonitoring on compliance and treatment efficacy in obstructive sleep apnea. J Med Internet Res. 2007; 9(2):e14.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Gordon AJ, Trafton JA, Saxon AJ, Gifford AL, Goodman F, Calabrese VS, McNicholas L, Liberto J. Implementation of buprenorphine in the Veterans Health Administration: results of the first 3 years. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Oct 8; 90(2-3):292-6.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Giordano TP, Gifford AL, White AC, Suarez-Almazor ME, Rabeneck L, Hartman C, Backus LI, Mole LA, Morgan RO. Retention in care: a challenge to survival with HIV infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Jun 1; 44(11):1493-9.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Berkenblit G, Sullivan L, Sosman J, Gifford A, Cofrancesco J. Update in HIV care. J Gen Intern Med. 2007 Feb; 22(2):253-6.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Bormann JE, Smith TL, Shively M, Dellefield ME, Gifford AL. Self-monitoring of a stress reduction technique using wrist-worn counters. J Healthc Qual. 2007 Jan-Feb; 29(1):45-52.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Stepnowsky CJ, Palau JJ, Gifford AL, Ancoli-Israel S. A self-management approach to improving continuous positive airway pressure adherence and outcomes. Behav Sleep Med. 2007; 5(2):131-46.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Reynolds NR, Neidig JL, Wu AW, Gifford AL, Holmes WC. Balancing disfigurement and fear of disease progression: Patient perceptions of HIV body fat redistribution. AIDS Care. 2006 Oct; 18(7):663-73.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Bormann JE, Becker S, Gershwin M, Kelly A, Pada L, Smith TL, Gifford AL. Relationship of frequent mantram repetition to emotional and spiritual well-being in healthcare workers. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2006 Sep-Oct; 37(5):218-24.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Bormann JE, Gifford AL, Shively M, Smith TL, Redwine L, Kelly A, Becker S, Gershwin M, Bone P, Belding W. Effects of spiritual mantram repetition on HIV outcomes: a randomized controlled trial. J Behav Med. 2006 Aug; 29(4):359-76.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Gates R, Cookson T, Ito M, Marcus D, Gifford A, Le TN, Nguyen CN. Therapeutic conversion from fosinopril to benazepril at a Veterans Affairs medical center. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2006 Jun 1; 63(11):1066-8.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Wu AW, Huang IC, Gifford AL, Spritzer KL, Bozzette SA, Hays RD. Creating a crosswalk to estimate AIDS Clinical Trials Group quality of life scores in a nationally representative sample of persons in care for HIV in the United States. HIV Clin Trials. 2005 May-Jun; 6(3):147-57.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Tucker JS, Orlando M, Burnam MA, Sherbourne CD, Kung FY, Gifford AL. Psychosocial mediators of antiretroviral nonadherence in HIV-positive adults with substance use and mental health problems. Health Psychol. 2004 Jul; 23(4):363-70.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Asch SM, Fremont AM, Turner BJ, Gifford A, McCutchan JA, Mathews WM, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF. Symptom-based framework for assessing quality of HIV care. Int J Qual Health Care. 2004 Feb; 16(1):41-50.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Bozzette SA, Gifford AL. The economic viability of antiretroviral adherence interventions. Am J Med. 2003 Dec 1; 115(8):672-3.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Hsiao AF, Wong MD, Kanouse DE, Collins RL, Liu H, Andersen RM, Gifford AL, McCutchan A, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF, Wenger NS. Complementary and alternative medicine use and substitution for conventional therapy by HIV-infected patients. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003 Jun 1; 33(2):157-65.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Asch SM, Kilbourne AM, Gifford AL, Burnam MA, Turner B, Shapiro MF, Bozzette SA. Underdiagnosis of depression in HIV: who are we missing? J Gen Intern Med. 2003 Jun; 18(6):450-60.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Chan KS, Orlando M, Joyce G, Gifford AL, Burnam MA, Tucker JS, Sherbourne CD. Combination antiretroviral therapy and improvements in mental health: results from a nationally representative sample of persons undergoing care for HIV in the United States. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003 May 1; 33(1):104-11.
    View in: PubMed
  64. Tucker JS, Burnam MA, Sherbourne CD, Kung FY, Gifford AL. Substance use and mental health correlates of nonadherence to antiretroviral medications in a sample of patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Am J Med. 2003 May; 114(7):573-80.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Gifford AL, Groessl EJ. Chronic disease self-management and adherence to HIV medications. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2002 Dec 15; 31 Suppl 3:S163-6.
    View in: PubMed
  66. Korthuis PT, Asch S, Mancewicz M, Shapiro MF, Mathews WC, Cunningham WE, McCutchan JA, Gifford A, Lee ML, Bozzette SA. Measuring medication: do interviews agree with medical record and pharmacy data? Med Care. 2002 Dec; 40(12):1270-82.
    View in: PubMed
  67. Gifford AL, Cunningham WE, Heslin KC, Andersen RM, Nakazono T, Lieu DK, Shapiro MF, Bozzette SA. Participation in research and access to experimental treatments by HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 May 2; 346(18):1373-82.
    View in: PubMed
  68. Kilbourne AM, Andersen RM, Asch S, Nakazono T, Crystal S, Stein M, Gifford AL, Bing EG, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF, Cunningham WE. Response to symptoms among a U.S. national probability sample of adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Med Care Res Rev. 2002 Mar; 59(1):36-58.
    View in: PubMed
  69. Justice AC, Holmes W, Gifford AL, Rabeneck L, Zackin R, Sinclair G, Weissman S, Neidig J, Marcus C, Chesney M, Cohn SE, Wu AW. Development and validation of a self-completed HIV symptom index. J Clin Epidemiol. 2001 Dec; 54 Suppl 1:S77-90.
    View in: PubMed
  70. Asch SM, Gifford AL, Bozzette SA, Turner B, Mathews WC, Kuromiya K, Cunningham W, Andersen R, Shapiro M, Rastegar A, McCutchan JA. Underuse of primary Mycobacterium avium complex and Pneumocystis carinii prophylaxis in the United States. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2001 Dec 1; 28(4):340-4.
    View in: PubMed
  71. Justice AC, Landefeld CS, Asch SM, Gifford AL, Whalen CC, Covinsky KE. Justification for a new cohort study of people aging with and without HIV infection. J Clin Epidemiol. 2001 Dec; 54 Suppl 1:S3-8.
    View in: PubMed
  72. Wendel CS, Mohler MJ, Kroesen K, Ampel NM, Gifford AL, Coons SJ. Barriers to use of electronic adherence monitoring in an HIV clinic. Ann Pharmacother. 2001 Sep; 35(9):1010-5.
    View in: PubMed
  73. Collins RL, Kanouse DE, Gifford AL, Senterfitt JW, Schuster MA, McCaffrey DF, Shapiro MF, Wenger NS. Changes in health-promoting behavior following diagnosis with HIV: prevalence and correlates in a national probability sample. Health Psychol. 2001 Sep; 20(5):351-60.
    View in: PubMed
  74. Wenger NS, Kanouse DE, Collins RL, Liu H, Schuster MA, Gifford AL, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF. End-of-life discussions and preferences among persons with HIV. JAMA. 2001 Jun 13; 285(22):2880-7.
    View in: PubMed
  75. Bormann J, Shively M, Smith TL, Gifford AL. Measurement of fatigue in HIV-positive adults: reliability and validity of the Global Fatigue Index. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2001 May-Jun; 12(3):75-83.
    View in: PubMed
  76. Gifford AL, Hecht FM. Evaluating HIV-infected patients with headache: who needs computed tomography? Headache. 2001 May; 41(5):441-8.
    View in: PubMed
  77. Gifford AL, Collins R, Timberlake D, Schuster MA, Shapiro MF, Bozzette SA, Kanouse DE. Propensity of HIV patients to seek urgent and emergent care. HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study Consortium. J Gen Intern Med. 2000 Dec; 15(12):833-40.
    View in: PubMed
  78. Cunningham WE, Markson LE, Andersen RM, Crystal SH, Fleishman JA, Golin C, Gifford A, Liu HH, Nakazono TT, Morton S, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF, Wenger NS. Prevalence and predictors of highly active antiretroviral therapy use in patients with HIV infection in the united states. HCSUS Consortium. HIV Cost and Services Utilization. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2000 Oct 1; 25(2):115-23.
    View in: PubMed
  79. Mathews WC, McCutchan JA, Asch S, Turner BJ, Gifford AL, Kuromiya K, Brown J, Shapiro MF, Bozzette SA. National estimates of HIV-related symptom prevalence from the HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study. Med Care. 2000 Jul; 38(7):750-62.
    View in: PubMed
  80. Chesney MA, Ickovics JR, Chambers DB, Gifford AL, Neidig J, Zwickl B, Wu AW. Self-reported adherence to antiretroviral medications among participants in HIV clinical trials: the AACTG adherence instruments. Patient Care Committee & Adherence Working Group of the Outcomes Committee of the Adult AIDS Clinical Trials Group (AACTG). AIDS Care. 2000 Jun; 12(3):255-66.
    View in: PubMed
  81. Bozzette SA, Phillips B, Asch S, Gifford AL, Lenert L, Menke T, Ortiz E, Owens D, Deyton L. Quality Enhancement Research Initiative for human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: framework and plan. HIV-QUERI Executive Committee. Med Care. 2000 Jun; 38(6 Suppl 1):I60-9.
    View in: PubMed
  82. Andersen R, Bozzette S, Shapiro M, St Clair P, Morton S, Crystal S, Goldman D, Wenger N, Gifford A, Leibowitz A, Asch S, Berry S, Nakazono T, Heslin K, Cunningham W. Access of vulnerable groups to antiretroviral therapy among persons in care for HIV disease in the United States. HCSUS Consortium. HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study. Health Serv Res. 2000 Jun; 35(2):389-416.
    View in: PubMed
  83. Gifford AL, Bormann JE, Shively MJ, Wright BC, Richman DD, Bozzette SA. Predictors of self-reported adherence and plasma HIV concentrations in patients on multidrug antiretroviral regimens. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2000 Apr 15; 23(5):386-95.
    View in: PubMed
  84. Gifford AL, Sengupta S. Self-management health education for chronic HIV infection. AIDS Care. 1999 Feb; 11(1):115-30.
    View in: PubMed
  85. Gifford AL, Laurent DD, Gonzales VM, Chesney MA, Lorig KR. Pilot randomized trial of education to improve self-management skills of men with symptomatic HIV/AIDS. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1998 Jun 1; 18(2):136-44.
    View in: PubMed
  86. Gifford AL, McPhee SJ, Fordham D. Preventive care among HIV-positive patients in a general medicine practice. Am J Prev Med. 1994 Jan-Feb; 10(1):5-9.
    View in: PubMed
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