Keywords
Last Name

Eugene R. Declercq, PhD

TitleProfessor
InstitutionBoston University School of Public Health
DepartmentCommunity Health Sciences
Address801 Massachusetts Ave Crosstown Center
Boston MA 02118
Phone(617) 638-7795
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0001-5411-3033
Other Positions
TitleAssistant Dean of Doctoral Education
InstitutionBoston University School of Public Health
DepartmentDrPH Program

TitleProfessor
InstitutionBoston University School of Medicine
DepartmentObstetrics & Gynecology

 Research Expertise & Professional Interests
Gene Declercq combines formal training in political science with almost twenty years of experience as a certified childbirth educator to examine policy and practice related to childbirth in the US and abroad. His recent work in examining cesarean sections in the US and overseas has focused on maternal and infant morbidity associated with low risk cesareans and with repeat cesareans as well as the programmatic and policy influences on practices related to childbirth practices. This research has been supported as part of his work as a Robert Wood Johnson-funded Health Policy Investigator and by grants from the Maternal and Child Health Bureau. He has served as lead author of two national studies of women's experiences in childbirth entitled Listening to Mothers. He was a technical advisor to the film documentary, The Business of Being Born and has been one of the organizers of a project that has developed a 30 minute version of that documentary that, along with support materials he developed with students, can be used in college classrooms. He was also a producer and presenter of "Birth by the Numbers," a 20 minute video that examines outcomes associated with current US birth practices. He is principal investigator on two NIH funded collaborative projects examining child and maternal outcomes associated with Assisted Reproductive Technologies (MOSART project) and is one of the founders of the Pregnancy to Early Life Longitudinal (PELL) data system that links vital statistics, hospital, and administrative data on almost 900,000 births in Massachusetts since 1998. He's also been active in a variety of public health projects in his hometown of Lawrence, Massachusetts, including a current effort to develop a free volunteer based clinic to serve those without access to care. As an educator, he is a past president of the Association of Teachers of Maternal and Child Health and has been a recipient of the Norman Scotch Award for outstanding teaching at BUSPH. He is currently the BUSPH Assistant Dean for DrPH Education and serves as chair of the DrPH Subcommittee of the Association of Schools of Public Health.

 Publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Stern JE, Kotelchuck M, Luke B, Declercq E, Cabral H, Diop H. Calculating length of gestation from the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcome Reporting System (SART CORS) database versus vital records may alter reported rates of prematurity. Fertil Steril. 2014 May; 101(5):1315-20.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Macdorman MF, Matthews TJ, Declercq E. Trends in Out-of-Hospital Births in the United States, 1990-2012. NCHS Data Brief. 2014 Mar; (144):1-8.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Declercq ER, Sakala C, Corry MP, Applebaum S, Herrlich A. Major Survey Findings of Listening to Mothers(SM) III: Pregnancy and Birth: Report of the Third National U.S. Survey of Women's Childbearing Experiences. J Perinat Educ. 2014; 23(1):9-16.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Declercq ER, Sakala C, Corry MP, Applebaum S, Herrlich A. Major Survey Findings of Listening to Mothers(SM) III: New Mothers Speak Out: Report of National Surveys of Women's Childbearing ExperiencesConducted October-December 2012 and January-April 2013. J Perinat Educ. 2014; 23(1):17-24.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Declercq ER, Belanoff C, Diop H, Gopal D, Hornstein MD, Kotelchuck M, Luke B, Stern JE. Identifying women with indicators of subfertility in a statewide population database: operationalizing the missing link in assisted reproductive technology research. Fertil Steril. 2014 Feb; 101(2):463-71.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Cáceres IA, Arcaya M, Declercq E, Belanoff CM, Janakiraman V, Cohen B, Ecker J, Smith LA, Subramanian SV. Hospital differences in cesarean deliveries in Massachusetts (US) 2004-2006: the case against case-mix artifact. PLoS One. 2013; 8(3):e57817.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Declercq E. The absolute power of relative risk in debates on repeat cesareans and home birth in the United States. J Clin Ethics. 2013; 24(3):215-24.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Declercq E. The politics of home birth in the United States. Birth. 2012 Dec; 39(4):281-5.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Declercq E. Trends in midwife-attended births in the United States, 1989-2009. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2012 Jul-Aug; 57(4):321-6.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Macdorman MF, Declercq E, Mathews TJ, Stotland N. Trends and characteristics of home vaginal birth after cesarean delivery in the United States and selected States. Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Apr; 119(4):737-44.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Barger MK, Nannini A, Weiss J, Declercq ER, Stubblefield P, Werler M, Ringer S. Severe maternal and perinatal outcomes from uterine rupture among women at term with a trial of labor. J Perinatol. 2012 Nov; 32(11):837-43.
    View in: PubMed
  12. MacDorman MF, Mathews TJ, Declercq E. Home births in the United States, 1990-2009. NCHS Data Brief. 2012 Jan; (84):1-8.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Stivanello E, Rucci P, Carretta E, Pieri G, Seghieri C, Nuti S, Declercq E, Taglioni M, Fantini MP. Risk adjustment for inter-hospital comparison of caesarean delivery rates in low-risk deliveries. PLoS One. 2011; 6(11):e28060.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Armstrong E and Declercq E. Is it time to push yet? The challenges to advocacy in U.S. Childbirth. Book chapter in B. Hoffman, N. Tomes, M. Schlesinger & R. Grob. Eds. Patients as Policy Actors. Rutgers University Press. New Bunswick, NJ. 2011; 60-83.
  15. Tatano Beck C, Gable RK, Sakala C, Declercq ER. Postpartum Depressive symptomatology: results from a two-stage US national survey. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2011 Sep-Oct; 56(5):427-35.
    View in: PubMed
  16. MacDorman M, Declercq E, Menacker F. Recent trends and patterns in cesarean and vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) deliveries in the United States. Clin Perinatol. 2011 Jun; 38(2):179-92.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Beck CT, Gable RK, Sakala C, Declercq ER. Posttraumatic stress disorder in new mothers: results from a two-stage U.S. national survey. Birth. 2011 Sep; 38(3):216-27.
    View in: PubMed
  18. MacDorman MF, Declercq E, Mathews TJ. United States home births increase 20 percent from 2004 to 2008. Birth. 2011 Sep; 38(3):185-90.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Declercq E, Young R, Cabral H, Ecker J. Is a rising cesarean delivery rate inevitable? Trends in industrialized countries, 1987 to 2007. Birth. 2011 Jun; 38(2):99-104.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Declercq E. Trends in midwife-attended births, 1989 to 2007. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2011 Mar-Apr; 56(2):173-6.
    View in: PubMed
  21. MacDorman MF, Declercq E, Menacker F. Trends and characteristics of home births in the United States by race and ethnicity, 1990-2006. Birth. 2011 Mar; 38(1):17-23.
    View in: PubMed
  22. MacDorman MF, Declercq E, Zhang J. Obstetrical intervention and the singleton preterm birth rate in the United States from 1991-2006. Am J Public Health. 2010 Nov; 100(11):2241-7.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Declercq E, Macdorman MF, Menacker F, Stotland N. Characteristics of planned and unplanned home births in 19 States. Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Jul; 116(1):93-9.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Declercq E. Changing the Rules: The Impact of Information Technology Book Chapter in D. Rothman and D. Blumenthal, Information Technology and the Medical Professions. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers U Press. 2010; pp. 116-132..
  25. MacDorman MF, Menacker F, Declercq E. Trends and characteristics of home and other out-of-hospital births in the United States, 1990-2006. Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2010 Mar 3; 58(11):1-14, 16.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Menacker F, MacDorman MF, Declercq E. Neonatal mortality risk for repeat cesarean compared to vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) deliveries in the United States, 1998-2002 birth cohorts. Matern Child Health J. 2010 Mar; 14(2):147-54.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Declercq E. Births attended by certified nurse-midwives in the United States reach an all-time high: trends from 1989 to 2006. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2009 May-Jun; 54(3):263-5.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Declercq E, Labbok MH, Sakala C, O'Hara M. Hospital practices and women's likelihood of fulfilling their intention to exclusively breastfeed. Am J Public Health. 2009 May; 99(5):929-35.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Young RL, Declercq E. Implications of subdividing marital status: are unmarried mothers with partners different from unmarried mothers without partners? An exploratory analysis. Matern Child Health J. 2010 Mar; 14(2):209-14.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Declercq E. Births attended by certified nurse-midwives in the United States in 2005. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2009 Jan-Feb; 54(1):95-6.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Declercq E, Caldwell K, Hobbs SH, Guyer B. The changing pattern of doctoral education in public health from 1985 to 2006 and the challenge of doctoral training for practice and leadership. Am J Public Health. 2008 Sep; 98(9):1565-9.
    View in: PubMed
  32. MacDorman MF, Menacker F, Declercq E. Cesarean birth in the United States: epidemiology, trends, and outcomes. Clin Perinatol. 2008 Jun; 35(2):293-307, v.
    View in: PubMed
  33. MacDorman MF, Declercq E, Menacker F, Malloy MH. Neonatal mortality for primary cesarean and vaginal births to low-risk women: application of an "intention-to-treat" model. Birth. 2008 Mar; 35(1):3-8.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Declercq E, Cunningham DK, Johnson C, Sakala C. Mothers' reports of postpartum pain associated with vaginal and cesarean deliveries: results of a national survey. Birth. 2008 Mar; 35(1):16-24.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Shapiro-Mendoza CK, Tomashek KM, Kotelchuck M, Barfield W, Nannini A, Weiss J, Declercq E. Effect of late-preterm birth and maternal medical conditions on newborn morbidity risk. Pediatrics. 2008 Feb; 121(2):e223-32.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Mayberry LJ, Horowitz JA, Declercq E. Depression symptom prevalence and demographic risk factors among U.S. women during the first 2 years postpartum. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2007 Nov-Dec; 36(6):542-9.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Macdorman MF, Declercq E, Menacker F, Malloy MH. Neonatal mortality for low-risk women by method of delivery. Birth. 2007 Mar; 34(1):101-2.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Declercq E, Barger M, Cabral HJ, Evans SR, Kotelchuck M, Simon C, Weiss J, Heffner LJ. Maternal outcomes associated with planned primary cesarean births compared with planned vaginal births. Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Mar; 109(3):669-77.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Declercq E. Trends in CNM-attended births, 1990-2004. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2007 Jan-Feb; 52(1):87-8.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Declercq ER, Sakala C, Corry MP, Applebaum S. Listening to Mothers II: Report of the Second National U.S. Survey of Women's Childbearing Experiences: Conducted January-February 2006 for Childbirth Connection by Harris Interactive(R) in partnership with Lamaze International. J Perinat Educ. 2007; 16(4):9-14.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Declercq ER, Sakala C, Corry MP, Applebaum S. Listening to Mothers II: Report of the Second National U.S. Survey of Women's Childbearing Experiences: Conducted January-February 2006 for Childbirth Connection by Harris Interactive(R) in partnership with Lamaze International. J Perinat Educ. 2007; 16(4):15-7.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Menacker F, Declercq E, Macdorman MF. Cesarean delivery: background, trends, and epidemiology. Semin Perinatol. 2006 Oct; 30(5):235-41.
    View in: PubMed
  43. MacDorman MF, Declercq E, Menacker F, Malloy MH. Infant and neonatal mortality for primary cesarean and vaginal births to women with "no indicated risk," United States, 1998-2001 birth cohorts. Birth. 2006 Sep; 33(3):175-82.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Tomashek KM, Shapiro-Mendoza CK, Weiss J, Kotelchuck M, Barfield W, Evans S, Naninni A, Declercq E. Early discharge among late preterm and term newborns and risk of neonatal morbidity. Semin Perinatol. 2006 Apr; 30(2):61-8.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Declercq E, Menacker F, Macdorman M. Maternal risk profiles and the primary cesarean rate in the United States, 1991-2002. Am J Public Health. 2006 May; 96(5):867-72.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Declercq E, Menacker F, MacDorman M. Rise in "no indicated risk" primary caesareans in the United States, 1991-2001: cross sectional analysis. BMJ. 2005 Jan 8; 330(7482):71-2.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Declercq E. Percentage of live births attended by CNMs in the United States, 1989-2001. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2004 Jan-Feb; 49(1):78-9.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Declercq E. The new MCH student: why can't they be like we were? Matern Child Health J. 2003 Dec; 7(4):267-70.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Declercq ER. Clarifying the meaning of vaginal birth. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Jul; 189(1):307; discussion 307-8;author reply 308.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Sakala C, Declercq ER, Corry MP. Listening to Mothers: the first national U.S. survey of women's childbearing experiences. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2002 Nov-Dec; 31(6):633-4.
    View in: PubMed
  51. McCloskey L, Kennedy HP, Declercq ER, Williams DR. The practice of nurse-midwifery in the era of managed care: reports from the field. Matern Child Health J. 2002 Jun; 6(2):127-36.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Declercq E, Barger M, O'Grady JP. Uterine rupture among women with a prior cesarean delivery. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jan 10; 346(2):134-7.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Declercq E. CNM birth attendance in the United States, 1999. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2002 Jan-Feb; 47(1):44-5.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Declercq ER, Williams DR, Koontz AM, Paine LL, Streit EL, McCloskey L. Serving women in need: nurse-midwifery practice in the United States. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2001 Jan-Feb; 46(1):11-6.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Paine LL, Johnson TR, Lang JM, Gagnon D, Declercq ER, DeJoseph J, Scupholme A, Strobino D, Ross A. A comparison of visits and practices of nurse-midwives and obstetrician-gynecologists in ambulatory care settings. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2000 Jan-Feb; 45(1):37-44.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Anderka M, Declercq ER, Smith W. A time to be born. Am J Public Health. 2000 Jan; 90(1):124-6.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Paine LL, Lang JM, Strobino DM, Johnson TR, DeJoseph JF, Declercq ER, Gagnon DR, Scupholme A, Ross A. Characteristics of nurse-midwife patients and visits, 1991. Am J Public Health. 1999 Jun; 89(6):906-9.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Declercq E. Making U.S. Maternal and Child Health policy: from "early discharge" to "drive through deliveries" to a national law. Matern Child Health J. 1999 Mar; 3(1):5-17.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Declercq E. "Changing childbirth" in the United Kingdom: lessons for U.S. health policy. J Health Polit Policy Law. 1998 Oct; 23(5):833-59.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Declercq ER, Paine LL, Simmes DR, DeJoseph JF. State regulation, payment policies, and nurse-midwife services. Health Aff (Millwood). 1998 Mar-Apr; 17(2):190-200.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Declercq ER, Bichell TJ, Center JK. Population-based needs assessment. Bringing public health to midwifery practice. J Nurse Midwifery. 1997 Nov-Dec; 42(6):478-88.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Lechat MF, Shrager DI, Declercq E, Bertrand F, Blattner WA, Blumberg BS. Decreased survival of HTLV-I carriers in leprosy patients from the Democratic Republic of the Congo: a historical prospective study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1997 Aug 15; 15(5):387-90.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Declercq E, Simmes D. The politics of "Drive-through deliveries": putting early postpartum discharge on the legislative agenda. Milbank Q. 1997; 75(2):175-202.
    View in: PubMed
  64. Declercq ER, Paine LL, Winter MR. Home birth in the United States, 1989-1992. A longitudinal descriptive report of national birth certificate data. J Nurse Midwifery. 1995 Nov-Dec; 40(6):474-82.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Declercq ER. Midwifery care and medical complications: the role of risk screening. Birth. 1995 Jun; 22(2):68-73.
    View in: PubMed
  66. Declercq ER. A cross-national analysis of midwifery politics: six lessons for midwives. Midwifery. 1994 Dec; 10(4):232-7.
    View in: PubMed
  67. Declercq ER. The trials of Hanna Porn: the campaign to abolish midwifery in Massachusetts. Am J Public Health. 1994 Jun; 84(6):1022-8.
    View in: PubMed
  68. Declercq ER. Where babies are born and who attends their births: findings from the revised 1989 United States Standard Certificate of Live Birth. Obstet Gynecol. 1993 Jun; 81(6):997-1004.
    View in: PubMed
  69. Declercq ER. The transformation of American midwifery: 1975 to 1988. Am J Public Health. 1992 May; 82(5):680-4.
    View in: PubMed
  70. Declercq ER. Out-of-hospital births, U.S., 1978: birth weight and Apgar scores as measures of outcome. Public Health Rep. 1984 Jan-Feb; 99(1):63-73.
    View in: PubMed
  71. Declercq ER. Public opinion toward midwifery and home birth: an exploratory analysis. J Nurse Midwifery. 1983 May-Jun; 28(3):19-21.
    View in: PubMed
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