Keywords
Last Name

Edward Bernstein, MD

TitleProfessor
InstitutionBoston University School of Medicine
DepartmentEmergency Medicine
Address771 Albany St
Boston MA 02118
Phone(617) 414-3453
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0003-2591-6122
Other Positions
TitleProfessor
InstitutionBoston University School of Public Health
DepartmentCommunity Health Sciences

TitleActive Staff Privileges
InstitutionBoston Medical Center
DepartmentEmergency Medicine

 Awards and Honors

Start-EndDescription
2012Boston Medical Center : Jerome Klein Award
 Research Expertise & Professional Interests
Expertise and interests include:

1)Research to improve the care of at risk and dependent alcohol and drug users in the medical setting.
2)Role of community health workers/health promotion advocates in the medical setting.
3)Reducing STI among cocaine and heroin users.
4)The role of motivational interviewing to improve the patient physician encounters/relations.

For the past twenty-five years Dr. Bernstein has pioneered methods to integrate public health into emergency medicine practice, developed and disseminated systems of emergency care that enhance health communications between providers and patients, and extensively tested a comprehensive model for intervention in which physician extenders help steer patients with preventable conditions to appropriate services. Dr. Bernstein was the founder (1987) of the Emergency Medicine Residency at the University of New Mexico, which incorporated problem based learning, and public health into the residency training. In 1996 he co- edited the textbook, “Case Studies in Emergency Medicine and the Health of the Public.”

Over the past seventeen years, Dr. Bernstein has developed a body of NIH sponsored research to test the application of motivational interviewing to improving health communications and outcomes to reduce sexual risk behavior among ED patients with cocaine and heroin abuse, reduce adolescent alcohol and marijuana use and, in a 14 site Academic ED study, reduce at risk and dependent alcohol use. He also tested the Project ASSERT model, the nation's first SBIRT program, in a trial of a brief motivational intervention delivered by peers to cocaine and heroin users. Together with Dr. Judith Bernstein, he leads the Boston University School of Public Health’s BNI-ART Institute which provides technical support and training in motivational interviewing, the peer model and system change and research design for providers in a variety of medical settings. Organizations served by the Institute include: RWJ Join Together, the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, SAMHSA , the Massachusetts DPH Health's Bureau of Substance Abuse Services, NYC Department of Mental Health and Hygiene, Howard University Medical College’s Residency SBIRT Program, Yale New Haven Emergency Department's Project ASSERT, and Partners In Health PACT program.

 NIH RePORTER Grants
 Self-Described Keywords
  • community health aides
  • physician-patient relations
  • substance-related disorders
 Publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Drainoni ML, Koppelman EA, Feldman JA, Walley AY, Mitchell PM, Ellison J, Bernstein E. Why is it so hard to implement change? A qualitative examination of barriers and facilitators to distribution of naloxone for overdose prevention in a safety net environment. BMC Res Notes. 2016 Oct 18; 9(1):465. PMID: 27756427.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Anderson ES, Lippert S, Newberry J, Bernstein E, Alter HJ, Wang NE. Addressing Social Determinants of Health from the Emergency Department through Social Emergency Medicine. West J Emerg Med. 2016 Jul; 17(4):487-9. PMID: 27429706.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Samuels EA, Dwyer K, Mello MJ, Baird J, Kellogg AR, Bernstein E. Emergency Department-based Opioid Harm Reduction: Moving Physicians From Willing to Doing. Acad Emerg Med. 2016 Apr; 23(4):455-65. PMID: 26816030.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Bernstein J, Bernstein E, Hudson D, Belanoff C, Cabral HJ, Cherpitel CJ, Bond J, Ye Y, Woolard R, Villalobos S, Ramos R. Differences by gender at twelve months in a brief intervention trial among Mexican-origin young adults in the emergency department. J Ethn Subst Abuse. 2016 Jan 28; 1-18. PMID: 26821181.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Cherpitel CJ, Ye Y, Bond J, Woolard R, Villalobos S, Bernstein J, Bernstein E, Ramos R. Brief Intervention in the Emergency Department Among Mexican-Origin Young Adults at the US-Mexico Border: Outcomes of a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial Using Promotores. Alcohol Alcohol. 2016 Mar; 51(2):154-63. PMID: 26243733.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Boudreaux ED, Haskins B, Harralson T, Bernstein E. The remote brief intervention and referral to treatment model: Development, functionality, acceptability, and feasibility. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Oct 1; 155:236-42. PMID: 26297297.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Nayak MB, Bond JC, Ye Y, Cherpitel CJ, Woolard R, Bernstein E, Bernstein J, Villalobos S, Ramos R. Readiness to Change and to Accept Help and Drinking Outcomes in Young Adults of Mexican Origin. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2015 Jul; 76(4):602-6. PMID: 26098036.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Dwyer K, Walley AY, Langlois BK, Mitchell PM, Nelson KP, Cromwell J, Bernstein E. Opioid education and nasal naloxone rescue kits in the emergency department. West J Emerg Med. 2015 May; 16(3):381-4. PMID: 25987910.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Woolard R, Liu J, Parsa M, Merriman G, Tarwater P, Alba I, Villalobos S, Ramos R, Bernstein J, Bernstein E, Bond J, Cherpitel CJ. Smoking Is Associated with Increased Risk of Binge Drinking in a Young Adult Hispanic Population at the US-Mexico Border. Subst Abus. 2015; 36(3):318-24. PMID: 25492554.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Choo EK, Beauchamp G, Beaudoin FL, Bernstein E, Bernstein J, Bernstein SL, Broderick KB, Cannon RD, D'Onofrio G, Greenberg MR, Hawk K, Hayes RB, Jacquet GA, Lippmann MJ, Rhodes KV, Watts SH, Boudreaux ED. A research agenda for gender and substance use disorders in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2014 Dec; 21(12):1438-46. PMID: 25444022.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Bernstein J, Bernstein E, Belanoff C, Cabral HJ, Babakhanlou-Chase H, Derrington TM, Diop H, Douriez C, Evans SR, Jacobs H, Kotelchuck M. The association of injury with substance use disorder among women of reproductive age: an opportunity to address a major contributor to recurrent preventable emergency department visits? Acad Emerg Med. 2014 Dec; 21(12):1459-68. PMID: 25491709.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Tassiopoulos K, Bernstein J, Bernstein E. Age and sharing of needle injection equipment in a cohort of Massachusetts injection drug users: an observational study. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2013; 8:20. PMID: 24330568.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Bernstein E, Ng V, McCloskey L, Vazquez K, Ashong D, Stapleton S, Cromwell J, Bernstein J. Qualitative analysis of cocaine and heroin users' main partner sex-risk behavior: is safety in love safety in health? Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2013; 8:10. PMID: 23618318.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Bernstein E, Ashong D, Heeren T, Winter M, Bliss C, Madico G, Bernstein J. The impact of a brief motivational intervention on unprotected sex and sex while high among drug-positive emergency department patients who receive STI/HIV VC/T and drug treatment referral as standard of care. AIDS Behav. 2012 Jul; 16(5):1203-16. PMID: 22261830.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Bernstein E, Heeren T, Winter M, Ashong D, Bliss C, Madico G, Ayalew B, Bernstein J. Long-term follow-up after voluntary human immunodeficiency virus/sexually transmitted infection counseling, point-of-service testing, and referral to substance abuse treatment from the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2012 Apr; 19(4):386-95. PMID: 22506942.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Battaglia TA, McCloskey L, Caron SE, Murrell SS, Bernstein E, Childs A, Jong H, Walker K, Bernstein J. Feasibility of chronic disease patient navigation in an urban primary care practice. J Ambul Care Manage. 2012 Jan-Mar; 35(1):38-49. PMID: 22156954.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Bernstein J, Graczyk A, Lawrence D, Bernstein E, Strunin L. Determinants of Drinking Trajectories Among Minority Youth and Young Adults: The Interaction of Risk and Resilience. Youth & Society. 2011; 43(4):1199-1219.
  18. The impact of screening, brief intervention and referral for treatment in emergency department patients' alcohol use: a 3-, 6- and 12-month follow-up. Alcohol Alcohol. 2010 Nov-Dec; 45(6):514-9. PMID: 20876217.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Bernstein JA, Bernstein E, Heeren TC. Mechanisms of change in control group drinking in clinical trials of brief alcohol intervention: implications for bias toward the null. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2010 Sep; 29(5):498-507. PMID: 20887573.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Bernstein J, Heeren T, Edward E, Dorfman D, Bliss C, Winter M, Bernstein E. A brief motivational interview in a pediatric emergency department, plus 10-day telephone follow-up, increases attempts to quit drinking among youth and young adults who screen positive for problematic drinking. Acad Emerg Med. 2010 Aug; 17(8):890-902. PMID: 20670329.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Houry D, Cunningham RM, Hankin A, James T, Bernstein E, Hargarten S. Violence prevention in the emergency department: future research priorities. Acad Emerg Med. 2009 Nov; 16(11):1089-95. PMID: 20053227.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Bernstein E, Bernstein JA, Stein JB, Saitz R. SBIRT in emergency care settings: are we ready to take it to scale? Acad Emerg Med. 2009 Nov; 16(11):1072-7. PMID: 20053225.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Bernstein E, Topp D, Shaw E, Girard C, Pressman K, Woolcock E, Bernstein J. A preliminary report of knowledge translation: lessons from taking screening and brief intervention techniques from the research setting into regional systems of care. Acad Emerg Med. 2009 Nov; 16(11):1225-33. PMID: 20053242.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Bernstein E, Edwards E, Dorfman D, Heeren T, Bliss C, Bernstein J. Screening and brief intervention to reduce marijuana use among youth and young adults in a pediatric emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2009 Nov; 16(11):1174-85. PMID: 20053238.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Cunningham RM, Bernstein SL, Walton M, Broderick K, Vaca FE, Woolard R, Bernstein E, Blow F, D'Onofrio G. Alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs: future directions for screening and intervention in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2009 Nov; 16(11):1078-88. PMID: 20053226.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Fernandez WG, Winter MR, Mitchell PM, Bullock H, Donovan J, St George J, Feldman JA, Gallagher SS, McKay MP, Bernstein E, Colton T. Six-month follow-up of a brief intervention on self-reported safety belt use among emergency department patients. Acad Emerg Med. 2009 Nov; 16(11):1221-4. PMID: 19814758.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Cherpitel CJ, Bernstein E, Bernstein J, Moskalewicz J, Swiatkiewicz G. SCREENING, BRIEF INTERVENTION AND REFERRAL TO TREATMENT (SBIRT) IN A POLISH EMERGENCY ROOM: CHALLENGES IN CULTURAL TRANSLATION OF SBIRT. J Addict Nurs. 2009 Sep 1; 20(3):127-131. PMID: 20046538.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Rothman EF, Wise LA, Bernstein E, Bernstein J. The timing of alcohol use and sexual initiation among a sample of Black, Hispanic, and White adolescents. J Ethn Subst Abuse. 2009; 8(2):129-45. PMID: 19459121.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Fernandez WG, Mitchell PM, Jamanka AS, Winter MR, Bullock H, Donovan J, George JS, Feldman JA, Gallagher SS, McKay MP, Bernstein E, Colton T. Brief motivational intervention to increase self-reported safety belt use among emergency department patients. Acad Emerg Med. 2008 May; 15(5):419-25. PMID: 18439196.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Bernstein E, Bernstein J. Effectiveness of alcohol screening and brief motivational intervention in the emergency department setting. Ann Emerg Med. 2008 Jun; 51(6):751-4. PMID: 18436342.
    View in: PubMed
  31. The impact of screening, brief intervention, and referral for treatment on emergency department patients' alcohol use. Ann Emerg Med. 2007 Dec; 50(6):699-710, 710.e1-6. PMID: 17870206.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Bernstein SL, Bernstein E, Boudreaux ED, Babcock-Irvin C, Mello MJ, Kapur AK, Becker BM, Sattin R, Cohen V, D'Onofrio G. Public health considerations in knowledge translation in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2007 Nov; 14(11):1036-41. PMID: 17699805.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Bernstein E, Bernstein J, Feldman J, Fernandez W, Hagan M, Mitchell P, Safi C, Woolard R, Mello M, Baird J, Lee C, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Broderick K, Laperrier KA, Kellermann A, Wald MM, Taylor RE, Walton K, Grant-Ervin M, Rollinson D, Edwards D, Chan T, Davis D, Buchanan Marshall J, Aseltine R, James A, Schilling E, Abu-Hasaballah K, Baumann BM, Boudreaux ED, Maio RF, Cunningham RM, Murrell T, Doezema D, Anglin D, Eliassen A, Martin M, Pines J, Buchanan L, Turner J, D'Onofrio G, Degutis LC, Owens P. An evidence based alcohol screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment (SBIRT) curriculum for emergency department (ED) providers improves skills and utilization. Subst Abus. 2007; 28(4):79-92. PMID: 18077305.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Bernstein E, Bernstein J, Feldman J, Fernandez W, Hagan M, Mitchell P, Safi C, Woolard R, Mello M, Baird J, Lee C, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Broderick K, Laperrier KA, Kellermann A, Wald MM, Taylor RE, Walton K, Grant-Ervin M, Rollinson D, Edwards D, Chan T, Davis D, Buchanan Marshall J, Aseltine R, James A, Schilling E, Abu-Hasaballah K, Baumann BM, Boudreaux ED, Maio RF, Cunningham RM, Murrell T, Doezema D, Anglin D, Eliassen A, Martin M, Pines J, Buchanan L, Turner J, D'Onofrio G, Degutis LC, Owens P. The Impact of Screening, brief intervention and referral for treatment (SBIRT) on Emergency Department patients’ alcohol use. Ann Emerg Med. 2007; 5:699-710.
  35. Bernstein J, Bernstein E, Shepard DS, Valentine A, Heeren T, Winter M, Levenson S, Beaston-Blaakman A, Tassiopoulos K, Hingson R. Racial and ethnic differences in health and health care: lessons from an inner-city patient population actively using heroin and cocaine. J Ethn Subst Abuse. 2006; 5(2):35-50. PMID: 16635973.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Tassiopoulos K, Bernstein J, Heeren T, Levenson S, Hingson R, Bernstein E. Predictors of disclosure of continued cocaine use. Addict Behav. 2006 Jan; 31(1):80-9. PMID: 15908136.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Bernstein E, Bernstein J. SBIRT: qualified trained assistants are necessary but not sufficient. Acad Emerg Med. 2005 Aug; 12(8):786; author reply 786-7. PMID: 16079435.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Bazargan-Hejazi S, Bing E, Bazargan M, Der-Martirosian C, Hardin E, Bernstein J, Bernstein E. Evaluation of a brief intervention in an inner-city emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2005 Jul; 46(1):67-76. PMID: 15988430.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Bernstein E, Bernstein J. Preventing alcohol misuse among adolescents. Ann Emerg Med. 2005 Apr; 45(4):430-2. PMID: 15795724.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Bernstein J, Bernstein E, Tassiopoulos K, Heeren T, Levenson S, Hingson R. Brief motivational intervention at a clinic visit reduces cocaine and heroin use. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2005 Jan 7; 77(1):49-59. PMID: 15607841.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Bernstein E, Bernstein J, Tassiopoulos K, Valentine A, Heeren T, Levenson S, Hingson R. Racial and ethnic diversity among a heroin and cocaine using population: treatment system utilization. J Addict Dis. 2005; 24(4):43-63. PMID: 16368656.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Tassiopoulos K, Bernstein J, Heeren T, Levenson S, Hingson R, Bernstein E. Hair testing and self-report of cocaine use by heroin users. Addiction. 2004 May; 99(5):590-7. PMID: 15078233.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Bernstein J, Bernstein E, Dave A, Hardt E, James T, Linden J, Mitchell P, Oishi T, Safi C. Trained medical interpreters in the emergency department: effects on services, subsequent charges, and follow-up. J Immigr Health. 2002 Oct; 4(4):171-6. PMID: 16228770.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Rathlev NK, Ulrich A, Shieh TC, Callum MG, Bernstein E, D'Onofrio G. Etiology and weekly occurrence of alcohol-related seizures. Acad Emerg Med. 2002 Aug; 9(8):824-8. PMID: 12153888.
    View in: PubMed
  45. D'Onofrio G, Nadel ES, Degutis LC, Sullivan LM, Casper K, Bernstein E, Samet JH. Improving emergency medicine residents' approach to patients with alcohol problems: a controlled educational trial. Ann Emerg Med. 2002 Jul; 40(1):50-62. PMID: 12085073.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Bernstein J, Mutschler P, Bernstein E. Keeping mammography referral appointments: motivation, health beliefs, and access barriers experienced by older minority women. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2000 Jul-Aug; 45(4):308-13. PMID: 10983429.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Bernstein E, James T, Bernstein J. Sabbatical programs and the status of academic emergency medicine: a survey. Acad Emerg Med. 1999 Sep; 6(9):932-8. PMID: 10490257.
    View in: PubMed
  48. D'Onofrio G, Bernstein E, Bernstein J, Woolard RH, Brewer PA, Craig SA, Zink BJ. Patients with alcohol problems in the emergency department, part 1: improving detection. SAEM Substance Abuse Task Force. Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. Acad Emerg Med. 1998 Dec; 5(12):1200-9. PMID: 9864134.
    View in: PubMed
  49. D'Onofrio G, Bernstein E, Bernstein J, Woolard RH, Brewer PA, Craig SA, Zink BJ. Patients with alcohol problems in the emergency department, part 2: intervention and referral. SAEM Substance Abuse Task Force. Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. Acad Emerg Med. 1998 Dec; 5(12):1210-7. PMID: 9864135.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Lowenstein SR, Koziol-McLain J, Thompson M, Bernstein E, Greenberg K, Gerson LW, Buczynsky P, Blanda M. Behavioral risk factors in emergency department patients: a multisite survey. Acad Emerg Med. 1998 Aug; 5(8):781-7. PMID: 9715239.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Bernstein E, Bernstein J, Levenson S. Project ASSERT: an ED-based intervention to increase access to primary care, preventive services, and the substance abuse treatment system. Ann Emerg Med. 1997 Aug; 30(2):181-9. PMID: 9250643.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Muelleman RL, Reuwer J, Sanson TG, Gerson L, Woolard B, Yancy AH, Bernstein E. An emergency medicine approach to violence throughout the life cycle. SAEM Public Health and Education Committee. Acad Emerg Med. 1996 Jul; 3(7):708-15. PMID: 8816188.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Gerson LW, Rousseau EW, Hogan TM, Bernstein E, Kalbfleisch N. Multicenter study of case finding in elderly emergency department patients. Acad Emerg Med. 1995 Aug; 2(8):729-34. PMID: 7584753.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Bernstein E, Goldfrank LR, Kellerman AL, Hargarten SW, Jui J, Fish SS, Herbert BH, Flores C, Caravati ME, Krishel S, et al. A public health approach to emergency medicine: preparing for the twenty-first century. Acad Emerg Med. 1994 May-Jun; 1(3):277-86. PMID: 7621210.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Wallerstein N, Bernstein E. Introduction to community empowerment, participatory education, and health. Health Educ Q. 1994; 21(2):141-8. PMID: 8021144.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Bernstein E, Wallerstein N, Braithwaite R, Gutierrez L, Labonte R, Zimmerman M. Empowerment forum: a dialogue between guest editorial board members. Health Educ Q. 1994; 21(3):281-94. PMID: 8002354.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Hedges JR, Singal BM, Rousseau EW, Sanders AB, Bernstein E, McNamara RM, Hogan TM. Geriatric patient emergency visits. Part II: Perceptions of visits by geriatric and younger patients. Ann Emerg Med. 1992 Jul; 21(7):808-13. PMID: 1610037.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Baraff LJ, Bernstein E, Bradley K, Franken C, Gerson LW, Hannegan SR, Kober KS, Lee S, Marotta M, Wolfson AB. Perceptions of emergency care by the elderly: results of multicenter focus group interviews. Ann Emerg Med. 1992 Jul; 21(7):814-8. PMID: 1610038.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Singal BM, Hedges JR, Rousseau EW, Sanders AB, Berstein E, McNamara RM, Hogan TM. Geriatric patient emergency visits. Part I: Comparison of visits by geriatric and younger patients. Ann Emerg Med. 1992 Jul; 21(7):802-7. PMID: 1610036.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Bernstein E, Pathak D, Rutledge L, Demarest G. New Mexico safety restraint law: changing patterns of motor vehicle injury, severity, and cost. Am J Emerg Med. 1989 May; 7(3):271-7. PMID: 2712888.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Wallerstein N, Bernstein E. Empowerment education: Freire's ideas adapted to health education. Health Educ Q. 1988; 15(4):379-94. PMID: 3230016.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Bernstein E, Woodall WG. Changing perceptions of riskiness in drinking, drugs, and driving: an emergency department-based alcohol and substance abuse prevention program. Ann Emerg Med. 1987 Dec; 16(12):1350-4. PMID: 3688597.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Kalishman N, Bernstein E, Fredrikson J. Involving children and youth in community projects. Child Today. 1987 Mar-Apr; 16(2):23-6. PMID: 3581972.
    View in: PubMed
  64. Hata S, Bernstein E, Davis LE. Atypical ocular bobbing in acute organophosphate poisoning. Arch Neurol. 1986 Feb; 43(2):185-6. PMID: 3947262.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Bernstein E, Diskant BM. Phenylpropanolamine: a potentially hazardous drug. Ann Emerg Med. 1982 Jun; 11(6):311-5. PMID: 7081793.
    View in: PubMed
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