Dr. Zumwalt joined the Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology in 2007. She has a strong interest in curriculum and faculty development in medical education, with a particular focus on inclusive pedagogy and diversity and inclusion. She also has interests in bridging the foundational and clinical sciences in medical education and in the development of graduate students as future biomedical educators.
Dr. Zumwalt is currently the lead of the gender and sexual diversity thread of the medical school curriculum and chair of the Preclerkship Curriculum Subcommittee. She was previously the co-director of the year-long first year medical course Principles Integrating Science and Medicine (PrISM) and directed the Body Structures (medical gross anatomy) course for 10 years. She has also taught advanced clinical anatomy topics in the medical school curriculum, including anatomy refresher sessions for the Radiology and Obstetrics & Gynecology clerkships. Within the Department of Anatomy & Neurobiology she is Course Director of the Teaching in the Biomedical Sciences course. In 2018 she was awarded the Stanley Robbins Educator of the Year award in the School of Medicine.
Dr. Zumwalt earned her doctorate in 2005 from the Center for Functional Anatomy and Evolution at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Her research there demonstrated that endurance exercise does not affect the surface morphology of skeletal muscle attachments. These findings challenged the rarely questioned assumption that analysis of these features can be used to provide insight into the activity patterns of extinct human and animal populations. Dr. Zumwalt subsequently joined the Animal Locomotion Laboratory in the Department of Biological Anthropology and Anatomy at Duke University. There she investigated the effects of hypermuscularity on locomotor patterns and bone morphology in rodents. She also collaborated on various research and educational projects with clinicians in radiation oncology, obstetrics and gynecology and neurology.
Service - National
Dr. Zumwalt is actively involved in the American Association for Anatomy, having served on the Board of Directors, Professional Development Committee, and the Advisory Committee of Young Anatomists. She also represented BUSM nationally on the AAMC Committee on Faculty and Academic Societies.
Service - Medical School
Dr. Zumwalt is the chair of the Preclerkship Curriculum Subcommittee of the Medical Education Committee and its Diversity and Inclusion Working Group. She also chairs the Gender and Sexual Diversity Vertical Integration Group for the School of Medicine. Past positions include chairing the John McCahan Medical Campus Education Day committee, representing the School of Medicine on Boston University Faculty Council and
Service - Department of Anatomy & Neurobiology
Dr. Zumwalt serves on the Graduate Education Committee for the department. She served as Graduate Program Director from 2019-2022.
She previously represented the department on the BUSM Committee on Faculty Affairs.
Diversity, Equity, Inclusion and Accessibility
I have been actively involved in DEIA work at BUSM for 10+ years as faculty advisor for BUMC Pride and Service Pride (student advocacy groups). In recent years my work has expanded to focus on the medical curriculum and faculty development in this space. Since 2018 I have had the opportunity to lead the Gender and Sexual Diversity vertical integration group. The work of this group has had and will continue to have significant and lasting impact on the medical school curriculum pertaining to LGBTQ+ topics (see list of accomplishments below). I also chair the PCS working group on Diversity and Inclusion, which allows me to have contribute to the DEIA needs of the general medical educator community. This group has developed multiple valuable and in-demand resources for educators who want to improve the inclusivity of their own teaching (see below). I recently was appointed the director of the gender and sexual diversity (LGBTQ+) thread of preclinical medical curriculum.
Current relevant roles:
Lead of gender and sexual diversity (LGBTQ+) thread of preclinical medical curriculum
Chair of Gender and Sexual Diversity vertical integration group
Chair of Diversity and Inclusion working group of preclerkship curriculum subcommittee
Faculty advisor, BUSM Pride; BUSM Service Pride
Recent publication in the DEIA space:
Zumwalt, Ann C. PhD; Carter, Erin E. MD, MS; Gell-Levey, Isabelle M.; Mulkey, Nat MD; Streed, Carl G. Jr MD, MPH; Siegel, Jennifer MD A Novel Curriculum Assessment Tool, Based on AAMC Competencies, to Improve Medical Education About Sexual and Gender Minority Populations, Academic Medicine: April 2022 - Volume 97 - Issue 4 - p 524-528
Chair, Gender and Sexual Diversity Vertical Integration Group, Medial Education Committee
Accomplishments of VIG under my leadership:
• Review of entire 4-year medical curriculum for strengths and opportunities to improve longitudinal curriculum on LGBTQ+ health and healthcare
• Submitted report to the curricular leadership with recommendations for improving the curriculum (2020)
• Surveyed faculty (2019) and students (2021) on where LGBTQ+ topics are taught in the BUSM curriculum.
• Guide and review ongoing changes to improve curriculum on LGBTQ_ health/healthcare (ongoing)
• VIG members secured grant from Massachusetts Medical Society grant to design a training for faculty on navigating sex and gender in teaching.
• Delivered trainings for preclerkship educational leaders (2020) and medical educator faculty (2022)
• Faculty survey published in Academic Medicine. Student survey manuscript in prep.
Chair, Diversity & Inclusion Working Group, Preclerkship Education Committee
Under my leadership this group has produced the following resources for educators:
• Centralized resource for educators to find high-yield resources to improve the inclusivity of their teaching: https://www.bumc.bu.edu/dei-classroom-resources/
• Quick Guide for Educators to ensure inclusivity in the classroom and teaching resources: https://www.bumc.bu.edu/busm/files/2021/07/Ensuring-Inclusivity-MED-Quick-Guide.pdf
LEADS Director, LGBTQ+ health content, BUSM curriculum
Developing curriculum and mentoring students in the longitudinal Health Equity thread focused on LGBTQ+ health and healthcare in the new BUSM curriculum.
Faculty advisor for BUMC Pride the BU Medical campus LGBTQ+ student/staff/faculty group
• Advise student leaders in their yearly activities designing educational and social events for and about the LGBTQ+ community
Full list of relevant committees and positions
2018-2020 Equity and Inclusion Committee, Faculty Council
Boston University School of Medicine / Medical Campus
2022-present LEADS Director, LGBTQ+ health content, BUSM curriculum
2020-present Chair, Diversity & Inclusion Working Group
Preclerkship Education Committee
2018-present Chair, Gender and Sexual Diversity Vertical Integration Group
Medial Education Committee
2016-2022 Solicited Member, BUMC Diversity Advisory Group
2011-present Faculty advisor, BUMC Pride
Graduate Faculty (Primary Mentor of Grad Students)
Boston University Chobanian & Avedisian School of Medicine, Graduate Medical Sciences
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other
sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can
to make corrections and additions.
Showing 10 of 37 results.
Keim SA, Harmon DJ, Martindale JR, Lopez EN, Sanky C, Brooks WS, Cotter MM, Davies DL, Doroudi M, Fahl JC, Farias A, Granite G, Harrell KM, Kar R, Kramer KL, Jackson J, Jones S, Lackey-Cornelison W, Laitman JT, Latacha K, Lewis SR, Lovejoy Mork A, Marzban H, McNary TG, McWhorter DL, Merchant A, Mussell JC, Quinn MM, Royer D, Sakaguchi A, Sawyer FK, Topping DB, Wainman B, Wineski LE, Zumwalt AC, Hankin MH. Essential Anatomy for Core Clerkships: A Clinical Perspective. Anat Sci Educ. 2023 Mar 16. PMID: 36929575
Zumwalt AC, Carter EE, Gell-Levey IM, Mulkey N, Streed CG, Siegel J. A Novel Curriculum Assessment Tool, Based on AAMC Competencies, to Improve Medical Education About Sexual and Gender Minority Populations. Acad Med. 2022 Apr 01; 97(4):524-528.View Related Profiles. PMID: 34108379
Lin DC, De Souza RZD, Fefferman A, Baribeau V, Bunch B, Zumwalt AC, Wisco JJ. Unusual bilateral variation of the flexor digitorum accessorius longus muscle and its relation on tarsal tunnel syndrome. Surg Radiol Anat. 2021 Dec; 43(12):2083-2086.View Related Profiles. PMID: 34559293
Safavi AR, Brook CD, Sakai O, Setty BN, Zumwalt A, Gonzalez M, Platt MP. Urgency of Esophageal Foreign Body Removal: Differentiation Between Coins and Button Cell Batteries. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2022 01; 166(1):80-85.View Related Profiles. PMID: 33940963
Zumwalt AC. Anticipatory Feelings About Dissection: An Exercise for the First Day of a Gross Anatomy Course. Anat Sci Educ. 2021 Nov; 14(6):828-835. PMID: 33369234
Yang CY, Zumwalt A, Larson AR. Dermatology and anatomy laboratory: comparing three formats of integration. Dermatol Online J. 2020 Aug 15; 26(8).View Related Profiles. PMID: 32941711
Dominguez I, Zumwalt AC. Integrating the basic sciences in medical curricula: focus on the basic scientists. Adv Physiol Educ. 2020 Jun 01; 44(2):119-123.View Related Profiles. PMID: 32108509
Zumwalt AC, Dominguez I. Integrating the Educators: Outcomes of a Pilot Program to Prime Basic Science Medical Educators for Success in Integrated Curricula. Med Sci Educ. 2019 Sep; 29(3):637-642. PMID: 34457526; PMCID: PMC8368855; DOI: 10.1007/s40670-019-00742-0;
Zumwalt AC & Dominguez I. Integrating the Educators: Outcomes of a Pilot Program to Prime Basic Science Medical Educators for Success in Integrated Curricula. Medical Science Educator. 2019; 29:637–642.
Loth S, Cote AC, Kabiri NS, Bhangu JS, Zumwalt AC, Moss M, Thomas K. Improving Triage Accuracy in First Responders: Measurement of Short Structured Protocols to Improve Identification of Salient Triage Features. World Medical & Health Policy. 2019; 2(11):163-176.
Yang CY, Zumwalt AC, Larson AR. Dermatology and anatomy laboratory: comparing three formats of integration. Dermatol Online J. 2018 Dec 15; 24(12).View Related Profiles. PMID: 30677791
Turk KW, Elshaar AA, Deason RG, Heyworth NC, Nagle C, Frustace B, Flannery S, Zumwalt A, Budson AE. Late Positive Component Event-related Potential Amplitude Predicts Long-term Classroom-based Learning. J Cogn Neurosci. 2018 09; 30(9):1323-1329.View Related Profiles. PMID: 29791297; PMCID: PMC6534151; DOI: 10.1162/jocn_a_01285;
Zumwalt AC, Iyer A, Ghebremichael A, Frustace BS, Flannery S. Gaze patterns of gross anatomy students change with classroom learning. Anat Sci Educ. 2015 May-Jun; 8(3):230-41. PMID: 25156955; DOI: 10.1002/ase.1485;
Lufler RS, Zumwalt AC. Imaging the cadavers being dissected does not appear to improve the gross anatomy dissection experience. Anat Sci Educ. 2014 Jan-Feb; 7(1):78-9. PMID: 24115605; DOI: 10.1002/ase.1399;
Arya R, Morrison T, Zumwalt A, Shaffer K. Making education effective and fun: stations-based approach to teaching radiology and anatomy to third-year medical students. Acad Radiol. 2013 Oct; 20(10):1311-8.View Related Profiles. PMID: 24029065; DOI: 10.1016/j.acra.2013.07.012;
Stefanik JJ, Zumwalt AC, Segal NA, Lynch JA, Powers CM. Association between measures of patella height, morphologic features of the trochlea, and patellofemoral joint alignment: the MOST study. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013 Aug; 471(8):2641-8. PMID: 23546847; PMCID: PMC3705075; DOI: 10.1007/s11999-013-2942-6;
Kleber KT, Young ME, Zumwalt AC. Anatomy in aging: A model for vertically integrating basic science content into clinical teaching. Medical Science Educator. 2013; 3S(23):426-429. View Publication
Lufler RS, Zumwalt AC, Romney CA, Hoagland TM. Effect of visual-spatial ability on medical students' performance in a gross anatomy course. Anat Sci Educ. 2012 Jan-Feb; 5(1):3-9.View Related Profiles. PMID: 22127919; DOI: 10.1002/ase.264;
Stefanik JJ, Guermazi A, Zhu Y, Zumwalt AC, Gross KD, Clancy M, Lynch JA, Segal NA, Lewis CE, Roemer FW, Powers CM, Felson DT. Quadriceps weakness, patella alta, and structural features of patellofemoral osteoarthritis. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2011 Oct; 63(10):1391-7.View Related Profiles. PMID: 21702087; PMCID: PMC3183313; DOI: 10.1002/acr.20528;
Stefanik JJ, Roemer FW, Zumwalt AC, Zhu Y, Gross KD, Lynch JA, Frey-Law LA, Lewis CE, Guermazi A, Powers CM, Felson DT. Association between measures of trochlear morphology and structural features of patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis on MRI: the MOST study. J Orthop Res. 2012 Jan; 30(1):1-8.View Related Profiles. PMID: 21710542; PMCID: PMC3217080; DOI: 10.1002/jor.21486;
Hirsch AE, Cuaron JJ, Janicek MJ, Mui K, Lee RJ, Wang DS, Babayan RK, Zumwalt AC, Gignac GA, Tao W, Ozonoff A, Zietman AL. Anatomic differences after robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy and open prostatectomy: implications for radiation field design. Pract Radiat Oncol. 2011 Apr-Jun; 1(2):115-25.View Related Profiles. PMID: 24673925; DOI: 10.1016/j.prro.2010.11.007;
Stefanik JJ, Zhu Y, Zumwalt AC, Gross KD, Clancy M, Lynch JA, Frey Law LA, Lewis CE, Roemer FW, Powers CM, Guermazi A, Felson DT. Association between patella alta and the prevalence and worsening of structural features of patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis: the multicenter osteoarthritis study. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2010 Sep; 62(9):1258-65.View Related Profiles. PMID: 20506169; PMCID: PMC2943040; DOI: 10.1002/acr.20214;
Schmitt D, Zumwalt AC, Hamrick MW. The relationship between bone mechanical properties and ground reaction forces in normal and hypermuscular mice. J Exp Zool A Ecol Genet Physiol. 2010 Jul 1; 313(6):339-51. PMID: 20535766; PMCID: PMC3666574; DOI: 10.1002/jez.604;
Zumwalt AC, Lufler RS, Monteiro J, Shaffer K. Building the body: active learning laboratories that emphasize practical aspects of anatomy and integration with radiology. Anat Sci Educ. 2010 May-Jun; 3(3):134-40.View Related Profiles. PMID: 20496434; DOI: 10.1002/ase.153;
Lufler RS, Zumwalt AC, Romney CA, Hoagland TM. Incorporating radiology into medical gross anatomy: does the use of cadaver CT scans improve students' academic performance in anatomy? Anat Sci Educ. 2010 Mar-Apr; 3(2):56-63.View Related Profiles. PMID: 20213692; DOI: 10.1002/ase.141;
Hutchinson D, Ho V, Dodd M, Dawson HN, Zumwalt AC, Schmitt D, Colton CA. Quantitative measurement of postural sway in mouse models of human neurodegenerative disease. Neuroscience. 2007 Sep 21; 148(4):825-32. PMID: 17764851; PMCID: PMC2175386; DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2007.07.025;
Zumwalt AC, Marks L, Halperin EC. Integrating gross anatomy into a clinical oncology curriculum: the oncoanatomy course at Duke University School of Medicine. Acad Med. 2007 May; 82(5):469-74. PMID: 17457069
Zumwalt A. The effect of endurance exercise on the morphology of muscle attachment sites. J Exp Biol. 2006 Feb; 209(Pt 3):444-54. PMID: 16424094
Zumwalt AC, Hamrick M, Schmitt D. Force plate for measuring the ground reaction forces in small animal locomotion. J Biomech. 2006; 39(15):2877-81. PMID: 16356506
Zumwalt A. A new method for quantifying the complexity of muscle attachment sites. Anat Rec B New Anat. 2005 Sep; 286(1):21-8. PMID: 16177994
Richtsmeier JT, Zumwalt A, Carlson EJ, Epstein CJ, Reeves RH. Craniofacial phenotypes in segmentally trisomic mouse models for Down syndrome. Am J Med Genet. 2002 Feb 1; 107(4):317-24. PMID: 11840489
This graph shows the total number of publications by year, by first, middle/unknown,
or last author.
2018 Boston University School of Medicine:
Stanley L Robbins Educator of the Year
2010 Boston University School of Medicine:
Educator of the Year - Preclinical
Available to Mentor as: (Review Mentor Role Definitions)
I have a fundamental commitment and passion for training future educators. I teach the foundational course in teaching theory and practice in my department's Vesalius Program (www.bu.edu/vesalius), I have extensive experience mentoring graduate students as they develop intensive independent teaching projects, and have further training through the Harvard Macy Program for Educators in Health Professions. I therefore would be pleased to serve as an Education Mentor to faculty or student trainees.
I am the Masters Student Adviser for the Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology and also have extensive experience working medical students at all stages of the 4-year curriculum. Therefore I am available to mentor both graduate and medical students for academic, career, or work-life balance issues.
Finally, I serve on a variety of committees that address faculty issues across BUMC and BU so I am familiar with the challenges faculty face in a variety of scenarios. I would therefore be pleased to serve as a career, diversity, or education mentor for my faculty peers as well.
Co-Mentor or Peer Mentor