Keywords
Last Name

Stephen P. Christiansen, MD

TitleProfessor
InstitutionBoston University School of Medicine
DepartmentOphthalmology
Address85 E. Concord St
Boston MA 02118
Phone(617) 414-2020
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0001-5489-5354
Other Positions
TitleChair of Ophthalmology
InstitutionBoston University School of Medicine
DepartmentOphthalmology

TitleProfessor
InstitutionBoston University School of Medicine
DepartmentPediatrics
DivisionGeneral Pediatrics

InstitutionVA Boston Healthcare System

 Publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Bothun ED, Lynn MJ, Christiansen SP, Kruger SJ, Vanderveen DK, Neely DE, Lambert SR. Strabismus surgery outcomes in the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study (IATS) at age 5 years. J AAPOS. 2016 Dec; 20(6):501-505. PMID: 27815186.
    View in: PubMed
  2. McLoon LK, Christiansen SP, Ghose GM, Das VE, Mustari MJ. Improvement of Eye Alignment in Adult Strabismic Monkeys by Sustained IGF-1 Treatment. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 Nov 1; 57(14):6070-6078. PMID: 27820875.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Bothun ED, Lynn MJ, Christiansen SP, Neely DE, Vanderveen DK, Kruger SJ, Lambert SR. Sensorimotor outcomes by age 5 years after monocular cataract surgery in the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study (IATS). J AAPOS. 2016 Feb; 20(1):49-53. PMID: 26917072.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Tonic pupil after botulinum toxin-A injection for treatment of esotropia in children. J AAPOS. 2016 Feb; 20(1):78-81. PMID: 26917081.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Bothun ED, Cleveland J, Lynn MJ, Christiansen SP, Vanderveen DK, Neely DE, Kruger SJ, Lambert SR. One-year strabismus outcomes in the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study. Ophthalmology. 2013 Jun; 120(6):1227-31. PMID: 23419803.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Davitt BV, Christiansen SP, Hardy RJ, Tung B, Good WV. Incidence of cataract development by 6 months' corrected age in the Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity study. J AAPOS. 2013 Feb; 17(1):49-53. PMID: 23352719.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Wang CJ, Little AA, Kamholz K, Holliman JB, Wise MD, Davis J, Ringer S, Cole C, Vanderveen DK, Christiansen SP, Bauchner H. Improving preterm ophthalmologic care in the era of accountable care organizations. Arch Ophthalmol. 2012 Nov; 130(11):1433-40. PMID: 22777426.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Willoughby CL, Ralles S, Christiansen SP, McLoon LK. Effects of sequential injections of hepatocyte growth factor and insulin-like growth factor-I on adult rabbit extraocular muscle. J AAPOS. 2012 Aug; 16(4):354-60. PMID: 22929450.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Willoughby CL, Christiansen SP, Mustari MJ, McLoon LK. Effects of the sustained release of IGF-1 on extraocular muscle of the infant non-human primate: adaptations at the effector organ level. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Jan; 53(1):68-75. PMID: 22125277.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Christiansen SP. Diplopia after glaucoma surgery. Am Orthopt J. 2012; 62:9-12. PMID: 23002468.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Miyake N, Demer JL, Shaaban S, Andrews C, Chan WM, Christiansen SP, Hunter DG, Engle EC. Expansion of the CHN1 strabismus phenotype. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Aug; 52(9):6321-8. PMID: 21715346.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Anderson BC, Daniel ML, Kendall JD, Christiansen SP, McLoon LK. Sustained release of bone morphogenetic protein-4 in adult rabbit extraocular muscle results in decreased force and muscle size: potential for strabismus treatment. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Jun; 52(7):4021-9. PMID: 21357389.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Bothun ED, Kao T, Guo Y, Christiansen SP. Bilateral optic nerve drusen and gliomas in Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome. J AAPOS. 2011 Feb; 15(1):77-9. PMID: 21315629.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Melia BM, Holmes JM, Chandler DL, Christiansen SP. Classifying stability of misalignment in children with esotropia using simulations. Arch Ophthalmol. 2010 Dec; 128(12):1555-60. PMID: 21149779.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Christiansen SP, Antunes-Foschini RS, McLoon LK. Effects of recession versus tenotomy surgery without recession in adult rabbit extraocular muscle. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Nov; 51(11):5646-56. PMID: 20538996.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Telander DG, Egeland BM, Christiansen SP. Horizontal misalignment in patients with unilateral superior oblique palsy. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2011 Mar-Apr; 48(2):120-3. PMID: 20506963.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Final visual acuity results in the early treatment for retinopathy of prematurity study. Arch Ophthalmol. 2010 Jun; 128(6):663-71. PMID: 20385926.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Christiansen SP, Dobson V, Quinn GE, Good WV, Tung B, Hardy RJ, Baker JD, Hoffman RO, Reynolds JD, Rychwalski PJ, Shapiro MJ. Progression of type 2 to type 1 retinopathy of prematurity in the Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity Study. Arch Ophthalmol. 2010 Apr; 128(4):461-5. PMID: 20385942.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Bothun ED, Guo Y, Christiansen SP, Summers CG, Anderson JS, Wright MM, Kramarevsky NY, Lawrence MG. Outcome of angle surgery in children with aphakic glaucoma. J AAPOS. 2010 Jun; 14(3):235-9. PMID: 20226703.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Abernethy G, Otter D, Arnold K, Austad J, Christiansen S, Ferreira I, Irvine F, Marsh C, Massom LR, Otter D, Pearce K, Stevens J, Szpylka J, Vyas P, Woollard D, Wu C. Determination of immunoglobulin G in bovine colostrum and milk powders, and in dietary supplements of bovine origin by protein G affinity liquid chromatography: collaborative study. J AOAC Int. 2010 Mar-Apr; 93(2):622-7. PMID: 20480910.
    View in: PubMed
  21. The infant aphakia treatment study: design and clinical measures at enrollment. Arch Ophthalmol. 2010 Jan; 128(1):21-7. PMID: 20065212.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Naharajakumar N, Christiansen SP. A veil over the windows: extensive persistent pupillary membranes. Arch Dis Child. 2009 Aug; 94(8):614. PMID: 19628880.
    View in: PubMed
  23. The relationship between preoperative alignment stability and postoperative motor outcomes in children with esotropia. J AAPOS. 2009 Aug; 13(4):335-8. PMID: 19683184.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Christiansen SP. Strabismus surgery: what's next? J AAPOS. 2009 Jun; 13(3):227-8. PMID: 19541262.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Johnson MS, Christiansen SP, Rath PP, Watanabe TM, Merten G, Bothun ED, Anderson JS. Anterior ciliary circulation from the horizontal rectus muscles. Strabismus. 2009 Jan-Mar; 17(1):45-8. PMID: 19301194.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Instability of ocular alignment in childhood esotropia. Ophthalmology. 2008 Dec; 115(12):2266-2274.e4. PMID: 18973948.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Miyake N, Chilton J, Psatha M, Cheng L, Andrews C, Chan WM, Law K, Crosier M, Lindsay S, Cheung M, Allen J, Gutowski NJ, Ellard S, Young E, Iannaccone A, Appukuttan B, Stout JT, Christiansen S, Ciccarelli ML, Baldi A, Campioni M, Zenteno JC, Davenport D, Mariani LE, Sahin M, Guthrie S, Engle EC. Human CHN1 mutations hyperactivate alpha2-chimaerin and cause Duane's retraction syndrome. Science. 2008 Aug 8; 321(5890):839-43. PMID: 18653847.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Christiansen SP, Gess AJ, Fletcher GA. A new conformer design to expand the horizontal lid fissure in severely microphthalmic eyes. J AAPOS. 2008 Apr; 12(2):212-4. PMID: 18423343.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Gess A, Christiansen SP, Pond D, Peters C. Predictive factors for vision loss after hematopoietic cell transplant for X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy. J AAPOS. 2008 Jun; 12(3):273-6. PMID: 18359652.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Christiansen SP, Anderson BC, McLoon LK. Botulinum toxin pretreatment augments the weakening effect of injection with ricin-mAb35 in rabbit extraocular muscle. J AAPOS. 2008 Apr; 12(2):122-7. PMID: 18258470.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Anderson BC, Christiansen SP, McLoon LK. Myogenic growth factors can decrease extraocular muscle force generation: a potential biological approach to the treatment of strabismus. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Jan; 49(1):221-9. PMID: 18172096.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Levi M, Kodsi SR, Rubin SE, Lyons C, Golden R, Olitsky SE, Christiansen S, Alcorn DM. Ocular involvement as the initial manifestation of Wegener's granulomatosis in children. J AAPOS. 2008 Feb; 12(1):94-6. PMID: 18083587.
    View in: PubMed
  33. McLoon LK, Anderson BC, Christiansen SP. Increasing muscle strength as a treatment for strabismus: sustained release of insulin-like growth factor-1 in rabbit extraocular muscle. J AAPOS. 2006 Oct; 10(5):424-9. PMID: 17070477.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Anderson BC, Christiansen SP, Grandt S, Grange RW, McLoon LK. Increased extraocular muscle strength with direct injection of insulin-like growth factor-I. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Jun; 47(6):2461-7. PMID: 16723457.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Najjar DM, Christiansen SP, Bothun ED, Summers CG. Strabismus and amblyopia in bilateral Peters anomaly. J AAPOS. 2006 Jun; 10(3):193-7. PMID: 16814168.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Egbert JE, Christiansen SP, Wright MM, Young TL, Summers CG. The natural history of glaucoma and ocular hypertension after pediatric cataract surgery. J AAPOS. 2006 Feb; 10(1):54-7. PMID: 16527681.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Christiansen SP, McLoon LK. The effect of resection on satellite cell activity in rabbit extraocular muscle. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Feb; 47(2):605-13. PMID: 16431957.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Ugalde I, Christiansen SP, McLoon LK. Botulinum toxin treatment of extraocular muscles in rabbits results in increased myofiber remodeling. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Nov; 46(11):4114-20. PMID: 16249488.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Parvataneni M, Christiansen SP, Jensen AA, Summers CG. Referral patterns for common amblyogenic conditions. J AAPOS. 2005 Feb; 9(1):22-5. PMID: 15729276.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Lawrence MG, Kramarevsky NY, Christiansen SP, Wright MM, Young TL, Summers CG. Glaucoma following cataract surgery in children: surgically modifiable risk factors. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 2005; 103:46-55. PMID: 17057787.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Wu-Chen WY, Christiansen SP, Berry SA, Engel WK, Fray KJ, Summers CG. Ophthalmic manifestations of Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome. J AAPOS. 2004 Aug; 8(4):345-8. PMID: 15314595.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Harrison AR, Skladzien S, Christiansen SP, McLoon LK. Myotoxic effects of the skeletal muscle-specific immunotoxin, ricin-mAb35, on orbicularis oculi muscle after eyelid injections in rabbits. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004 Jul; 20(4):312-6. PMID: 15266147.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Jensen AA, Christiansen SP. Aicardi syndrome with Pierre Robin sequence. J AAPOS. 2004 Apr; 8(2):187-9. PMID: 15088056.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Lambert SR, Lynn M, Drews-Botsch C, DuBois L, Wilson ME, Plager DA, Wheeler DT, Christiansen SP, Crouch ER, Buckley EG, Stager D, Donahue SP. Intraocular lens implantation during infancy: perceptions of parents and the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus members. J AAPOS. 2003 Dec; 7(6):400-5. PMID: 14730292.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Holmes JM, Beck RW, Kraker RT, Cole SR, Repka MX, Birch EE, Felius J, Christiansen SP, Coats DK, Kulp MT. Impact of patching and atropine treatment on the child and family in the amblyopia treatment study. Arch Ophthalmol. 2003 Nov; 121(11):1625-32. PMID: 14609923.
    View in: PubMed
  46. McLoon LK, Christiansen SP. Increasing extraocular muscle strength with insulin-like growth factor II. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003 Sep; 44(9):3866-72. PMID: 12939302.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Christiansen SP, Becker BA, Iaizzo PA, McLoon LK. Extraocular muscle force generation after ricin-mAb35 injection: implications for strabismus treatment. J AAPOS. 2003 Feb; 7(1):1-6. PMID: 12690362.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Christiansen SP, Fray KJ, Spencer T. Ocular outcomes in low birth weight premature infants with intraventricular hemorrhage. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2002 May-Jun; 39(3):157-65. PMID: 12051281.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Christiansen SP, Peterson D, To T, Youle R, McLoon L. Long-term effects of ricin-mAb 35 on extraocular muscles of rabbits: potential treatment for strabismus. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Mar; 43(3):679-85. PMID: 11867584.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Kushner BJ, Stevens JL, Nischal KK, Karr DJ, Davis JS, Christiansen SP, Brown SM. Grand rounds #65: a case of a left hypertropia which decreases markedly in both upgaze and downgaze. Binocul Vis Strabismus Q. 2002; 17(1):36-42. PMID: 11874381.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Christoff A, Christiansen SP. Spasm of the near reflex: treatment with miotics revisited. Am Orthopt J. 2002; 52:110-3. PMID: 21149065.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Holmes JM, Leske DA, Christiansen SP. Initial treatment outcomes in chronic sixth nerve palsy. J AAPOS. 2001 Dec; 5(6):370-6. PMID: 11753258.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Christiansen SP, Sandnas A, Prill R, Youle RJ, McLoon LK. Acute effects of the skeletal muscle-specific immunotoxin ricin-mAb 35 on extraocular muscles of rabbits. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000 Oct; 41(11):3402-9. PMID: 11006231.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Steinemann TL, Christiansen SP. Vitamin A deficiency and xerophthalmia in an autistic child. Arch Ophthalmol. 1998 Mar; 116(3):392-3. PMID: 9514500.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Phillips J, Christiansen SP, Ware G, Landers S, Kirby RS. Ocular morbidity in very low birth-weight infants with intraventricular hemorrhage. Am J Ophthalmol. 1997 Feb; 123(2):218-23. PMID: 9186128.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Christiansen SP, Bradford JD. Cataract following diode laser photoablation for retinopathy of prematurity. Arch Ophthalmol. 1997 Feb; 115(2):275-6. PMID: 9046267.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Christiansen SP, Harral RL, Brown H. Extraocular muscle fiber morphometry following combined recession-resection procedures in rabbits. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1996 Sep-Oct; 33(5):247-50. PMID: 8880618.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Christiansen SP, Rettele GA, Soulsby ME, Walls RC. Tensile strength of insertional suture techniques in strabismus surgery. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1996 Mar-Apr; 33(2):93-7. PMID: 8965246.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Christiansen SP, Soulsby ME, Seifen EE. Effect of antagonist weakening on developed tension in cat extraocular muscle. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1995 Nov; 36(12):2547-50. PMID: 7591645.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Christiansen SP, Bradford JD. Cataract in infants treated with argon laser photocoagulation for threshold retinopathy of prematurity. Am J Ophthalmol. 1995 Feb; 119(2):175-80. PMID: 7832223.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Christiansen SP, Thomas AH. Postpartum Brown's syndrome. Arch Ophthalmol. 1994 Jan; 112(1):23-5. PMID: 8285886.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Christiansen SP, Baker RS, Madhat M, Porter JD. Lengthening extraocular muscle with autologous muscle transplants. Strabismus. 1994; 2(1):29-39. PMID: 21314548.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Christiansen SP, Muñoz M, Capó H. Retinal hemorrhage following lensectomy and anterior vitrectomy in children. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1993 Jan-Feb; 30(1):24-7. PMID: 8455121.
    View in: PubMed
  64. Christiansen SP, Baker RS, Madhat M, Terrell B. Type-specific changes in fiber morphometry following denervation of canine extraocular muscle. Exp Mol Pathol. 1992 Apr; 56(2):87-95. PMID: 1587343.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Christiansen SP, Baker RS, Madhat M. Extraocular muscle regeneration in freeze-treated extraocular muscle autografts. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1991 Jan; 32(1):154-9. PMID: 1987098.
    View in: PubMed
  66. Christiansen SP, Madhat M, Baker RS. Limb muscle regeneration in peripheral nerve autografts. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1990 Jun; 85(6):929-34; discussion 935-6. PMID: 2190247.
    View in: PubMed
  67. Baker RS, Christiansen SP, Madhat M. A quantitative assessment of extraocular muscle growth in peripheral nerve autografts. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1990 Apr; 31(4):766-70. PMID: 2335444.
    View in: PubMed
  68. Christiansen SP, Smith TJ, Henslee-Downey PJ. Normal intraocular pressure after a bone marrow transplant in glaucoma associated with mucopolysaccharidosis type I-H. Am J Ophthalmol. 1990 Feb 15; 109(2):230-1. PMID: 2105651.
    View in: PubMed
  69. Baker RS, Christiansen SP, Madhat M. New growth of extraocular muscle in peripheral nerve autografts. Ultrastructural relationships. Exp Neurol. 1989 Oct; 106(1):85-9. PMID: 2792301.
    View in: PubMed
  70. Christiansen S, Madhat M, Baker L, Baker R. Fiber hypertrophy in rat extraocular muscle following lateral rectus resection. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1988 Jul-Aug; 25(4):167-71. PMID: 3411419.
    View in: PubMed
  71. Christiansen S, Madhat M, Baker RS. Histologic consequences of inferior oblique anastomosis to denervated lateral rectus muscle. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1987 May-Jun; 24(3):132-5. PMID: 3598833.
    View in: PubMed
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