Keywords
Last Name

Paula M. Gardiner, MD

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionBoston University School of Medicine
DepartmentFamily Medicine
Address771 Albany St
Boston MA 02118
Phone(617) 414-6267
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-3663-000X
Other Positions
TitleActive Staff Hospital Privileges
InstitutionBoston Medical Center
DepartmentFamily Medicine

 Research Expertise & Professional Interests
Dr. Paula Gardiner is the Assistant Director for the Program for Integrative Medicine and Health Care Disparities at Boston Medical Center. She is an Associate Professor in the Department of Family Medicine at Boston University School of Medicine. She completed a three year Clinical Research Fellowship in Complementary and Alternative Medicine Research and Faculty Development at Harvard Medical School. She received her MPH from Harvard School of Public Health. Additionally, she has been awarded a five year NIH K award grant focusing on CAM use, stress, and dietary supplement in the inner city under served medical patients. Her research concentration is patient-oriented research regarding chronic pain and evidenced based integrative medicine access in low income patients. Current research is focused on the adaptive role of an Integrative Medicine Group Visit (IMGV) which combines Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction and a Medical Group Visit to support health behavior change and reducing pain and stress. With funding by Patient Centered Outcome Research Institute (PCORI), she is the primary investigator on a comparative effectiveness randomized controlled trial of IMGV compared to a primary care visit in Boston for participants with chronic pain (N=124). Her research focuses on innovative technologies such as Embodied Conversational Agents and Our Whole Lives; a Holistic online toolkit that teaches mind body techniques. Dr. Gardiner lectures nationally and internationally. She has published over 78 reviewed papers on chronic pain, technology, dietary supplements, pregnancy, preconception care, stress, and complementary medicine in under served patients.

 Self-Described Keywords
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Health Care Disparities
  • Nutrition
  • Stress Reduction
 Publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
List All   |   Timeline
  1. Dresner D, Gergen Barnett K, Resnick K, Laird LD, Gardiner P. Listening to Their Words: A Qualitative Analysis of Integrative Medicine Group Visits in an Urban Underserved Medical Setting. Pain Med. 2016 Apr 3. PMID: 27040666.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Kutt A, Girard L, Necyk C, Gardiner P, Boon H, Barnes J, Vohra S. Natural health product-drug interaction tool: A scoping review. Can Pharm J (Ott). 2016 Mar; 149(2):75-82. PMID: 27076818.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Faurot KR, Siega-Riz AM, Gardiner P, Rivera JO, Young LA, Poole C, Whitsel EA, González HM, Chirinos-Medina DA, Talavera GA, Castañeda SF, Daviglus ML, Barnhart J, Giacinto RE, Van Horn L. Comparison of a Medication Inventory and a Dietary Supplement Interview in Assessing Dietary Supplement Use in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Integr Med Insights. 2016; 11:1-10. PMID: 26917949.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Nguyen LT, Kaptchuk TJ, Davis RB, Nguyen G, Pham V, Tringale SM, Loh YL, Gardiner P. The Use of Traditional Vietnamese Medicine Among Vietnamese Immigrants Attending an Urban Community Health Center in the United States. J Altern Complement Med. 2016 Feb; 22(2):145-53. PMID: 26630121.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Berz JP, Gergen Barnett KA, Gardiner P, Saper RB. Integrative Medicine in a Preventive Medicine Residency: A Program for the Urban Underserved. Am J Prev Med. 2015 Nov; 49(5 Suppl 3):S290-5. PMID: 26477906.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Gardiner P, Filippelli AC, Kabbara K, Lin SC, Sadikova E, Kaptchuk TJ, Kemper K. Online Education for Improving Communication and Documentation of Dietary Supplements Among Health Professionals Practicing in a Hospital Setting. J Altern Complement Med. 2015 Oct; 21(10):638-44. PMID: 26270001.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Jack B, Bickmore T, Hempstead M, Yinusa-Nyahkoon L, Sadikova E, Mitchell S, Gardiner P, Adigun F, Penti B, Schulman D, Damus K. Reducing Preconception Risks Among African American Women with Conversational Agent Technology. J Am Board Fam Med. 2015 Jul-Aug; 28(4):441-51. PMID: 26152434.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Holden SC, Gardiner P, Birdee G, Davis RB, Yeh GY. Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use Among Women During Pregnancy and Childbearing Years. Birth. 2015 Sep; 42(3):261-9. PMID: 26111221.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Gardiner P, Filippelli AC, Sadikova E, White LF, Jack BW. Medication and Dietary Supplement Interactions among a Low-Income, Hospitalized Patient Population Who Take Cardiac Medications. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2015; 2015:429826. PMID: 25949262.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Gardiner P, Filippelli AC, Lebensohn P, Bonakdar R. The incorporation of stress management programming into family medicine residencies-results of a national survey of residency directors: a CERA study. Fam Med. 2015 Apr; 47(4):272-8. PMID: 25853597.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Gardiner P, Sadikova E, Filippelli AC, Mitchell S, White LF, Saper R, Kaptchuk TJ, Jack BW, Fredman L. Stress Management and Relaxation Techniques use among underserved inpatients in an inner city hospital. Complement Ther Med. 2015 Jun; 23(3):405-12. PMID: 26051576.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Gardiner P, Sadikova E, Filippelli AC, White LF, Jack BW. Medical reconciliation of dietary supplements: don't ask, don't tell. Patient Educ Couns. 2015 Apr; 98(4):512-7. PMID: 25636694.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Birdee GS, Kemper KJ, Rothman R, Gardiner P. Use of complementary and alternative medicine during pregnancy and the postpartum period: an analysis of the National Health Interview Survey. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2014 Oct; 23(10):824-9. PMID: 25268759.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Ghauri AJ, Abbott J, Shah P, Gardiner P. Bleeding risks associated with herbal medicine in children. Glob Adv Health Med. 2014 Sep; 3(5):5. PMID: 25568817.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Gardiner P, Dresner D, Barnett KG, Sadikova E, Saper R. Medical group visits: a feasibility study to manage patients with chronic pain in an underserved urban clinic. Glob Adv Health Med. 2014 Jul; 3(4):20-6. PMID: 25105072.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Dresner D, Resnick K, Gardiner P, Barnett KG, Laird L. Qualitative evaluation of an integrative medicine group visits program for patients with chronic pain and associated comorbidities. J Altern Complement Med. 2014 May; 20(5):A55-6. PMID: 24805640.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Gardiner P, Dresner D, Barnett KG, Sadikova E, Saper R. Integrative medicine group visits: a feasibility study to manage complex chronic pain patients in an underserved inner city clinic. J Altern Complement Med. 2014 May; 20(5):A16. PMID: 24805527.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Shaw S, Dresner D, Gardiner P, Barnett KG, Saper R. Integrative medicine group visits and emergency department utilization. J Altern Complement Med. 2014 May; 20(5):A67-8. PMID: 24805675.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Rosen JE, Gardiner P, Saper RB, Pearce EN, Hammer K, Gupta-Lawrence RL, Lee SL. Kelp use in patients with thyroid cancer. Endocrine. 2014 May; 46(1):123-30. PMID: 24573490.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Kemper KJ, Gardiner P, Birdee GS. Use of complementary and alternative medical therapies among youth with mental health concerns. Acad Pediatr. 2013 Nov-Dec; 13(6):540-5. PMID: 24238680.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Mitchell SE, Gardiner PM, Sadikova E, Martin JM, Jack BW, Hibbard JH, Paasche-Orlow MK. Patient activation and 30-day post-discharge hospital utilization. J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Feb; 29(2):349-55. PMID: 24091935.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Locke AB, Gordon A, Guerrera MP, Gardiner P, Lebensohn P. Recommended integrative medicine competencies for family medicine residents. Explore (NY). 2013 Sep-Oct; 9(5):308-13. PMID: 24021472.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Gardiner P, Filippelli AC, Lebensohn P, Bonakdar R. Family medicine residency program directors attitudes and knowledge of family medicine CAM competencies. Explore (NY). 2013 Sep-Oct; 9(5):299-307. PMID: 24021471.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Budzynska K, Gardner ZE, Low Dog T, Gardiner P. Complementary, holistic, and integrative medicine: advice for clinicians on herbs and breastfeeding. Pediatr Rev. 2013 Aug; 34(8):343-52; quiz 352-3. PMID: 23908361.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Gardiner P, Whelan J, White LF, Filippelli AC, Bharmal N, Kaptchuk TJ. A systematic review of the prevalence of herb usage among racial/ethnic minorities in the United States. J Immigr Minor Health. 2013 Aug; 15(4):817-28. PMID: 22723252.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Rosen JE, Gardiner P, Saper RB, Filippelli AC, White LF, Pearce EN, Gupta-Lawrence RL, Lee SL. Complementary and alternative medicine use among patients with thyroid cancer. Thyroid. 2013 Oct; 23(10):1238-46. PMID: 23350883.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Rosen JE, Gardiner P, Lee SL. Complementary and integrative treatments: thyroid disease. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2013 Jun; 46(3):423-35. PMID: 23764819.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Gardiner P, Adams D, Filippelli AC, Nasser H, Saper R, White L, Vohra S. A systematic review of the reporting of adverse events associated with medical herb use among children. Glob Adv Health Med. 2013 Mar; 2(2):46-55. PMID: 24416663.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Gardiner P, Jarrett K, Filippelli A, Pecci C, Mauch M, Jack B. Herb use, vitamin use, and diet in low-income, postpartum women. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2013 Mar-Apr; 58(2):150-7. PMID: 23590486.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Gardiner P, Mitchell S, Filippelli AC, Sadikova E, White LF, Paasche-Orlow MK, Jack BW. Health literacy and complementary and alternative medicine use among underserved inpatients in a safety net hospital. J Health Commun. 2013; 18 Suppl 1:290-7. PMID: 24093362.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Gardiner P, Hempstead MB, Ring L, Bickmore T, Yinusa-Nyahkoon L, Tran H, Paasche-Orlow M, Damus K, Jack B. Reaching women through health information technology: the Gabby preconception care system. Am J Health Promot. 2013 Jan-Feb; 27(3 Suppl):eS11-20. PMID: 23286652.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Rosen J, Lawrence R, Bouchard M, Doros G, Gardiner P, Saper R. Massage for perioperative pain and anxiety in placement of vascular access devices. Adv Mind Body Med. 2013; 27(1):12-23. PMID: 23341418.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Filippelli AC, White LF, Spellman LW, Broderick M, Highfield ES, Sommers E, Gardiner P. Non-Insertive Acupuncture and Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: A Case Series from an Inner City Safety Net Hospital. Glob Adv Health Med. 2012 Sep; 1(4):48-52. PMID: 24078899.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Vohra S, Surette S, Mittra D, Rosen LD, Gardiner P, Kemper KJ. Pediatric integrative medicine: pediatrics' newest subspecialty? BMC Pediatr. 2012; 12:123. PMID: 22894682.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Budzynska K, Gardner ZE, Dugoua JJ, Low Dog T, Gardiner P. Systematic review of breastfeeding and herbs. Breastfeed Med. 2012 Dec; 7(6):489-503. PMID: 22686865.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Marles RJ, Barrett ML, Barnes J, Chavez ML, Gardiner P, Ko R, Mahady GB, Low Dog T, Sarma ND, Giancaspro GI, Sharaf M, Griffiths J. United States pharmacopeia safety evaluation of spirulina. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2011 Aug; 51(7):593-604. PMID: 21793723.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Bateman J, Charrois TL, Gardiner P, Vohra S. A descriptive study evaluating Health Canada's risk communications. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2011 Oct; 20(10):1104-9. PMID: 21692140.
    View in: PubMed
  38. MacDuff S, Grodin MA, Gardiner P. The use of complementary and alternative medicine among refugees: a systematic review. J Immigr Minor Health. 2011 Jun; 13(3):585-99. PMID: 20224938.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Kemper K, Bulla S, Krueger D, Ott MJ, McCool JA, Gardiner P. Nurses' experiences, expectations, and preferences for mind-body practices to reduce stress. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2011; 11:26. PMID: 21481259.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Gardiner P, Stargrove MB, Dog TL. Concomitant use of prescription medications and dietary supplements in menopausal women: an approach to provider preparedness. Maturitas. 2011 Mar; 68(3):251-5. PMID: 21168291.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Dog TL, Marles R, Mahady G, Gardiner P, Ko R, Barnes J, Chavez ML, Griffiths J, Giancaspro G, Sarma ND. Assessing safety of herbal products for menopausal complaints: an international perspective. Maturitas. 2010 Aug; 66(4):355-62. PMID: 20451336.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Louik C, Gardiner P, Kelley K, Mitchell AA. Use of herbal treatments in pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010 May; 202(5):439.e1-439.e10. PMID: 20452484.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Woolf AD, Gardiner P. Use of complementary and alternative therapies in children. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2010 Feb; 87(2):155-7. PMID: 20107449.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Birdee GS, Phillips RS, Davis RB, Gardiner P. Factors associated with pediatric use of complementary and alternative medicine. Pediatrics. 2010 Feb; 125(2):249-56. PMID: 20100769.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Buettner C, Mukamal KJ, Gardiner P, Davis RB, Phillips RS, Mittleman MA. Herbal supplement use and blood lead levels of United States adults. J Gen Intern Med. 2009 Nov; 24(11):1175-82. PMID: 19575271.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Birdee GS, Yeh GY, Wayne PM, Phillips RS, Davis RB, Gardiner P. Clinical applications of yoga for the pediatric population: a systematic review. Acad Pediatr. 2009 Jul-Aug; 9(4):212-220.e1-9. PMID: 19608122.
    View in: PubMed
  47. McDiarmid MA, Gardiner PM, Jack BW. The clinical content of preconception care: environmental exposures. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Dec; 199(6 Suppl 2):S357-61. PMID: 19081430.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Moos MK, Dunlop AL, Jack BW, Nelson L, Coonrod DV, Long R, Boggess K, Gardiner PM. Healthier women, healthier reproductive outcomes: recommendations for the routine care of all women of reproductive age. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Dec; 199(6 Suppl 2):S280-9. PMID: 19081422.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Gardiner PM, Nelson L, Shellhaas CS, Dunlop AL, Long R, Andrist S, Jack BW. The clinical content of preconception care: nutrition and dietary supplements. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Dec; 199(6 Suppl 2):S345-56. PMID: 19081429.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Dunlop AL, Gardiner PM, Shellhaas CS, Menard MK, McDiarmid MA. The clinical content of preconception care: the use of medications and supplements among women of reproductive age. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Dec; 199(6 Suppl 2):S367-72. PMID: 19081432.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Mehta DH, Gardiner PM, Phillips RS, McCarthy EP. Herbal and dietary supplement disclosure to health care providers by individuals with chronic conditions. J Altern Complement Med. 2008 Dec; 14(10):1263-9. PMID: 19032071.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Gardiner P, Sarma DN, Low Dog T, Barrett ML, Chavez ML, Ko R, Mahady GB, Marles RJ, Pellicore LS, Giancaspro GI. The state of dietary supplement adverse event reporting in the United States. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2008 Oct; 17(10):962-70. PMID: 18613260.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Mahady GB, Low Dog T, Barrett ML, Chavez ML, Gardiner P, Ko R, Marles RJ, Pellicore LS, Giancaspro GI, Sarma DN. United States Pharmacopeia review of the black cohosh case reports of hepatotoxicity. Menopause. 2008 Jul-Aug; 15(4 Pt 1):628-38. PMID: 18340277.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Gardiner P, Phillips RS, Kemper KJ, Legedza A, Henlon S, Woolf AD. Dietary supplements: inpatient policies in US children's hospitals. Pediatrics. 2008 Apr; 121(4):e775-81. PMID: 18381505.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Gardiner P, Buettner C, Davis RB, Phillips RS, Kemper KJ. Factors and common conditions associated with adolescent dietary supplement use: an analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). BMC Complement Altern Med. 2008; 8:9. PMID: 18377653.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Gardiner P, Phillips R, Shaughnessy AF. Herbal and dietary supplement--drug interactions in patients with chronic illnesses. Am Fam Physician. 2008 Jan 1; 77(1):73-8. PMID: 18236826.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Sarma DN, Barrett ML, Chavez ML, Gardiner P, Ko R, Mahady GB, Marles RJ, Pellicore LS, Giancaspro GI, Low Dog T. Safety of green tea extracts : a systematic review by the US Pharmacopeia. Drug Saf. 2008; 31(6):469-84. PMID: 18484782.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Gardiner P, Riley DS. Herbs to homeopathy-medicinal products for children. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2007 Dec; 54(6):859-74, ix. PMID: 18061780.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Gardiner P, Kemper KJ, Legedza A, Phillips RS. Factors associated with herb and dietary supplement use by young adults in the United States. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2007; 7:39. PMID: 18053129.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Kemper KJ, Romm AJ, Gardiner P. Prepubertal gynecomastia linked to lavender and tea tree oils. N Engl J Med. 2007 Jun 14; 356(24):2541-2; author reply 2543-4. PMID: 17568039.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Kemper KJ, Gardiner P, Woods C. Changes in use of herbs and dietary supplements (HDS) among clinicians enrolled in an online curriculum. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2007; 7:21. PMID: 17565695.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Gardiner P. Complementary, holistic, and integrative medicine: chamomile. Pediatr Rev. 2007 Apr; 28(4):e16-8. PMID: 17400821.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Gardiner P, Graham R, Legedza AT, Ahn AC, Eisenberg DM, Phillips RS. Factors associated with herbal therapy use by adults in the United States. Altern Ther Health Med. 2007 Mar-Apr; 13(2):22-9. PMID: 17405675.
    View in: PubMed
  64. Buettner C, Phillips RS, Davis RB, Gardiner P, Mittleman MA. Use of dietary supplements among United States adults with coronary artery disease and atherosclerotic risks. Am J Cardiol. 2007 Mar 1; 99(5):661-6. PMID: 17317368.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Gardiner P, Graham RE, Legedza AT, Eisenberg DM, Phillips RS. Factors associated with dietary supplement use among prescription medication users. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Oct 9; 166(18):1968-74. PMID: 17030829.
    View in: PubMed
  66. Gardiner P, Dvorkin L. Promoting medication adherence in children. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Sep 1; 74(5):793-8. PMID: 16970023.
    View in: PubMed
  67. Kemper KJ, Butler LD, Culbert T, Eisenberg D, Gardiner P, Gaylord S, Glick R, Gold JI, Guerrera MP, Harrigan R, Kreitzer MJ, Lee R, McLean TW, Olness K, Pan J, Pettignano R, Rickhi B, Rosen L, Sahler OJ, Sierpina V, Tsao JC, Vohra S, Weydert J, Zeltzer L, Zempsky WT. Pediatric guidelines. Explore (NY). 2006 Sep-Oct; 2(5):386-7. PMID: 16979098.
    View in: PubMed
  68. Beal T, Kemper KJ, Gardiner P, Woods C. Long-term impact of four different strategies for delivering an on-line curriculum about herbs and other dietary supplements. BMC Med Educ. 2006; 6:39. PMID: 16893458.
    View in: PubMed
  69. Charrois TL, Hrudey J, Gardiner P, Vohra S. Peppermint oil. Pediatr Rev. 2006 Jul; 27(7):e49-51. PMID: 16815990.
    View in: PubMed
  70. Gardiner P, Woods C, Kemper KJ. Dietary supplement use among health care professionals enrolled in an online curriculum on herbs and dietary supplements. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2006; 6:21. PMID: 16768802.
    View in: PubMed
  71. Kemper KJ, Gardiner P, Gobble J, Woods C. Expertise about herbs and dietary supplements among diverse health professionals. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2006; 6:15. PMID: 16646964.
    View in: PubMed
  72. Kemper KJ, Gardiner P, Gobble J, Mitra A, Woods C. Randomized controlled trial comparing four strategies for delivering e-curriculum to health care professionals [ISRCTN88148532]. BMC Med Educ. 2006; 6:2. PMID: 16405734.
    View in: PubMed
  73. Gardiner P, Legedza A, Woods C, Phillips RS, Kemper KJ. Herb use among health care professionals enrolled in an online curriculum on herbs and dietary supplements. J Herb Pharmacother. 2006; 6(2):51-64. PMID: 17182485.
    View in: PubMed
  74. Woolf AD, Gardiner P, Whelan J, Alpert HR, Dvorkin L. Views of pediatric health care providers on the use of herbs and dietary supplements in children. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2005 Sep; 44(7):579-87. PMID: 16151563.
    View in: PubMed
  75. Gardiner P. Ask the experts. Patients are using traditional of folk medicine with their children. Explore (NY). 2005 Jul; 1(4):322. PMID: 16781558.
    View in: PubMed
  76. Gardiner P. Dietary supplement use in children: concerns of efficacy and safety. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Mar 15; 71(6):1068, 1071. PMID: 15791888.
    View in: PubMed
  77. Gardiner P, Dvorkin L, Kemper KJ. Supplement use growing among children and adolescents. Pediatr Ann. 2004 Apr; 33(4):227-32. PMID: 15101228.
    View in: PubMed
  78. Dvorkin L, Gardiner P, Whelan JS. Herbal medicine course within pharmacy curriculum. J Herb Pharmacother. 2004; 4(2):47-58. PMID: 15364644.
    View in: PubMed
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