Leonardo Martinez, PhD, MPH
Assistant Professor
Boston University School of Public Health

PhD, University of Georgia
MPH, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine
BA, University of Arizona

Pronouns: he/him/his

Leo Martinez joined the Department of Epidemiology at Boston University in 2021.

Dr. Martinez uses epidemiological and quantitative approaches to study early-life risk factors for pediatric tuberculosis in high-burden settings, tuberculosis transmission dynamics in high-risk populations (e.g., prisoners, persons living with HIV or diabetes), and the relationship between tuberculosis and non-communicable diseases.

Dr. Martinez's lab is currently working with colleagues and collaborators in several countries globally. We believe that collaboration across professional disciplines, backgrounds, and perspectives is the key to solving intractable health issues and the lab welcomes discussions with others working on these same health issues.

A list of major publications is listed below but a full list can be seen in the publications tab on this profile page.

Selected Publications:

Hu Z, Zhou M, Jiang X, Feng Y, Yu Z, Li Y, Chen S, Wu Q, Wang W, Horsburgh CR, Zhang Y, Zhou L, Hu C, Liu K, Chen B, Martinez L. Mass tuberculosis screening among the elderly: A population-based study in a well-confined rural community in eastern China. Clinical Infectious Diseases. [Online Only]. July 2023.

Liu Q, You N, Wen J, Ge Y, Shen Y, Ding X, Lu P, Chen C, Wang J, Zhu B, Zhu L, Lu W, Martinez L. Yield and efficiency of a population-based mass tuberculosis screening intervention among persons living with diabetes in Jiangsu Province, China. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 77, July 2023.

Martinez L, et al. Global, regional, and national estimates of tuberculosis incidence and case detection among incarcerated individuals from 2000 to 2019: a systematic analysis. The Lancet Public Health. 2023 Jul; 8(7):e511-e519.

Martinez L, et al. The Long-Term Impact of Early-Life Tuberculosis Disease on Child Health: A Prospective Birth Cohort Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2023 Feb 06. PMID: 36746196; DOI: 10.1164/rccm.202208-1543OC;

Martinez L, et al. Infant BCG Vaccination and Risk of Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis Throughout the Life Course: An Individual-participant Meta-analysis of 26 Cohort Studies. The Lancet Global Health. [Online Only]. July 2022.

Martinez L, Nicol MP, Wedderburn C, Stadler A, Botha M, Workman L, le Roux DM, Zar HJ (2021). Cytomegalovirus Acquisition in Infancy and the Risk of Tuberculosis in Childhood: A Longitudinal Birth Cohort in Cape Town, South Africa. The Lancet Global Health. 9 (12), e1740-e1749.

Ge Y†, Martinez L†, et al (2021). Covid-19 transmission dynamics among close contacts of Covid-19 index cases: a population-based cohort study in Zhejiang Province, China. JAMA Internal Medicine. 181 (10): 1343-1350. (†Co-first).

Martinez L, et al (2020). The risk of tuberculosis in children after close exposure: a systematic review and individual-participant meta-analysis. The Lancet. 395, 973-984.

Walter K†, Martinez L†, Arakaki-Sanchez D, et al. (2021). The escalating tuberculosis crisis in Central and South American prisons. The Lancet. 397 (10284): 1591-1596. (IF: 79.3). (†Co-first).

Martinez L, et al (2018). Effectiveness of WHO’s Pragmatic Screening Algorithm for Child Contacts of Tuberculosis Cases in Resource-Constrained Settings: A Prospective Cohort Study in Uganda. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. 6 (4), 276–286.

Cords O†, Martinez L†, et al. Incidence and Prevalence of Tuberculosis in Incarcerated Populations: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (2021). The Lancet Public Health. 6 (5): e300-e308. (IF: 21.648). (†Co-first).

Liu Q, You N, Lu F, Pan H, Lu P, Wang J, Lu W, Zhu L, Martinez L (2021). Glycemic trajectories and treatment outcomes of new tuberculosis patients: a prospective study in Eastern China. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 204 (3): 347-356.

Martinez L, Lo N, Cords O, et al ( 2019). Paediatric Tuberculosis Transmission Outside the Household: Challenging Historical Paradigms to Inform Future Public Health Strategies. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 7 (6), 544-552. (Co-first).

Martinez L, le Roux DM, Barnett W, Nicol MP, Zar HJ (2018). Tuberculin Skin Test Conversion and Primary Progressive Tuberculosis Disease in the First Five Years of Life: A Birth Cohort Study from Cape Town, South Africa. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health. 2(1), 46–55.

Martinez L, Sekandi JN, Castellanos ME, et al (2016). Infectiousness of HIV-seropositive Patients with Tuberculosis in a High-burden African Setting. The American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 194 (9), 1152–1163.

Martinez L, et al (2017). Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Households and the Community: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. American Journal of Epidemiology. 185 (12), 1327–1339.

PROgression of Tuberculosis infECTion in young children living with and without HIV: the PROTECT study
04/01/2023 - 03/31/2028 (Subcontract PI)
University of California, Irvine NIH NIAID

Identifying effective and efficient approaches to tuberculosis screening in Brazilian prisons
01/21/2021 - 12/31/2025 (PI)
NIH/National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases


Yr Title Project-Sub Proj Pubs

Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.

iCite Analysis       Copy PMIDs To Clipboard

  1. Köhler N, Vasiliu A, Mandalakas AM, Martinez L, Lange C. Tuberculosis screening in migrants to the EU/EEA and UK. Eur Respir J. 2023 Nov; 62(5). PMID: 37918879; DOI: 10.1183/13993003.01230-2023;
  2. Vasiliu A, Martinez L, Gupta RK, Hamada Y, Ness T, Kay A, Bonnet M, Sester M, Kaufmann SHE, Lange C, Mandalakas AM. Tuberculosis prevention: current strategies and future directions. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2023 Oct 31. PMID: 37918510; DOI: 10.1016/j.cmi.2023.10.023;
  3. Hill PC, Cobelens F, Martinez L, Garcia-Basteiro A, Behr M, Rangaka MX, Churchyard G, Evans T, Hanekom W, White R. Correspondence Regarding: McShane H. Improving TB vaccine trial efficiency: A tough nut to crack. J Infect Dis. 2023. J Infect Dis. 2023 Oct 28. PMID: 37897697; DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jiad466;
  4. Vasiliu A, Köhler N, Altpeter E, Ægisdóttir TR, Amerali M, de Oñate WA, Bakos Á, D'Amato S, Cirillo DM, van Crevel R, Davidaviciene E, Demuth I, Domínguez J, Duarte R, Günther G, Guthmann JP, Hatzianastasiou S, Holm LH, Herrador Z, Hribar U, Huberty C, Ibraim E, Jackson S, Jensenius M, Josefsdottir KS, Koch A, Korzeniewska-Kosela M, Kuksa L, Kunst H, Lienhardt C, Mahler B, Makek MJ, Muylle I, Normark J, Pace-Asciak A, Petrovic G, Pieridou D, Russo G, Rzhepishevska O, Salzer HJF, Marques MS, Schmid D, Solovic I, Sukholytka M, Svetina P, Tyufekchieva M, Vasankari T, Viiklepp P, Villand K, Wallenfels J, Wesolowski S, Mandalakas AM, Martinez L, Zenner D, Lange C. Tuberculosis incidence in foreign-born people residing in European countries in 2020. Euro Surveill. 2023 Oct; 28(42). PMID: 37855907; DOI: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2023.28.42.2300051;
  5. Martinez L, Garcia-Basteiro AL. Targeting vulnerable populations for tuberculosis: does one size fit all? Lancet Infect Dis. 2023 Sep 08. PMID: 37696279; DOI: 10.1016/S1473-3099(23)00429-2;
  6. Hill PC, Cobelens F, Martinez L, Behr MA, Churchyard G, Evans T, Fiore-Gartland AJ, Garcia-Basteiro AL, Hanekom W, Rangaka MX, Vekemans J, White RG. An aspiration to radically shorten phase 3 TB vaccine trials. J Infect Dis. 2023 Aug 22. PMID: 37607272; DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jiad356;
  7. Bobak CA, Botha M, Workman L, Hill JE, Nicol MP, Holloway JW, Stein DJ, Martinez L, Zar HJ. Gene Expression in Cord Blood and Tuberculosis in Early Childhood: A Nested Case-Control Study in a South African Birth Cohort. Clin Infect Dis. 2023 Aug 14; 77(3):438-449. PMID: 37144357; PMCID: PMC10425199; DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciad268;
  8. He Y, Martinez L, Ge Y, Feng Y, Chen Y, Tan J, Westbrook A, Li C, Cheng W, Ling F, Cheng H, Wu S, Zhong W, Handel A, Huang H, Sun J, Shen Y. Social Mixing and Network Characteristics of COVID-19 Patients Before and After Widespread Interventions: A Population-based Study. Epidemiol Infect. 2023 Aug 14; 151:1-38. PMID: 37577939; PMCID: PMC10540215; DOI: 10.1017/S0950268823001292;
  9. Brough J, Martinez L, Hatherill M, Zar HJ, Lo NC, Andrews JR. Public health impact and cost-effectiveness of screening for active tuberculosis disease or infection among children in South Africa. Clin Infect Dis. 2023 Aug 05. PMID: 37542465; DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciad449;
  10. Hu Z, Liu K, Zhou M, Jiang X, Feng Y, Yu Z, Li Y, Chen S, Wu Q, Wang W, Horsburgh CR, Zhang Y, Zhou L, Chen B, Hu C, Martinez L. Mass tuberculosis screening among the elderly: A population-based study in a well-confined rural county in eastern China. Clin Infect Dis. 2023 Jul 28.View Related Profiles. PMID: 37506258; DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciad438;
Showing 10 of 102 results. Show More

This graph shows the total number of publications by year, by first, middle/unknown, or last author.

Bar chart showing 102 publications over 11 distinct years, with a maximum of 23 publications in 2021


2020 International Union Against Tuberculosis & Lung Disease: The Union Young Investigator Prize
2020 American Thoracic Society, Assembly on Pulmonary Infections & Tuberculosis : Rising Star Award
2019 University of Washington: Tuberculosis Research & Training Center TB Junior Investigator Award
2017 LSHTM, University of Cape Town, International Union Against Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, Lancet: Stephen Lawn TB-HIV Research Leadership Prize
In addition to these self-described keywords below, a list of MeSH based concepts is available here.

Infectious Diseases
HIV Infection
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