Leo Martinez joined the Department of Epidemiology at Boston University in 2021.
Dr. Martinez uses epidemiological and quantitative approaches to study early-life risk factors for pediatric tuberculosis in high-burden settings, tuberculosis transmission dynamics in high-risk populations (e.g., prisoners, persons living with HIV or diabetes), and the relationship between tuberculosis and non-communicable diseases.
Dr. Martinez's lab is currently working with colleagues and collaborators in several countries globally. We believe that collaboration across professional disciplines, backgrounds, and perspectives is the key to solving intractable health issues and the lab welcomes discussions with others working on these same health issues.
A list of major publications is listed below but a full list can be seen in the publications tab on this profile page.
Hu Z, Zhou M, Jiang X, Feng Y, Yu Z, Li Y, Chen S, Wu Q, Wang W, Horsburgh CR, Zhang Y, Zhou L, Hu C, Liu K, Chen B, Martinez L. Mass tuberculosis screening among the elderly: A population-based study in a well-confined rural community in eastern China. Clinical Infectious Diseases. [Online Only]. July 2023.
Liu Q, You N, Wen J, Ge Y, Shen Y, Ding X, Lu P, Chen C, Wang J, Zhu B, Zhu L, Lu W, Martinez L. Yield and efficiency of a population-based mass tuberculosis screening intervention among persons living with diabetes in Jiangsu Province, China. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 77, July 2023.
Martinez L, et al. Global, regional, and national estimates of tuberculosis incidence and case detection among incarcerated individuals from 2000 to 2019: a systematic analysis. The Lancet Public Health. 2023 Jul; 8(7):e511-e519.
Martinez L, et al. The Long-Term Impact of Early-Life Tuberculosis Disease on Child Health: A Prospective Birth Cohort Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2023 Feb 06. PMID: 36746196; DOI: 10.1164/rccm.202208-1543OC;
Martinez L, et al. Infant BCG Vaccination and Risk of Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis Throughout the Life Course: An Individual-participant Meta-analysis of 26 Cohort Studies. The Lancet Global Health. [Online Only]. July 2022.
Martinez L, Nicol MP, Wedderburn C, Stadler A, Botha M, Workman L, le Roux DM, Zar HJ (2021). Cytomegalovirus Acquisition in Infancy and the Risk of Tuberculosis in Childhood: A Longitudinal Birth Cohort in Cape Town, South Africa. The Lancet Global Health. 9 (12), e1740-e1749.
Ge Y†, Martinez L†, et al (2021). Covid-19 transmission dynamics among close contacts of Covid-19 index cases: a population-based cohort study in Zhejiang Province, China. JAMA Internal Medicine. 181 (10): 1343-1350. (†Co-first).
Martinez L, et al (2020). The risk of tuberculosis in children after close exposure: a systematic review and individual-participant meta-analysis. The Lancet. 395, 973-984.
Walter K†, Martinez L†, Arakaki-Sanchez D, et al. (2021). The escalating tuberculosis crisis in Central and South American prisons. The Lancet. 397 (10284): 1591-1596. (IF: 79.3). (†Co-first).
Martinez L, et al (2018). Effectiveness of WHO’s Pragmatic Screening Algorithm for Child Contacts of Tuberculosis Cases in Resource-Constrained Settings: A Prospective Cohort Study in Uganda. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. 6 (4), 276–286.
Cords O†, Martinez L†, et al. Incidence and Prevalence of Tuberculosis in Incarcerated Populations: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (2021). The Lancet Public Health. 6 (5): e300-e308. (IF: 21.648). (†Co-first).
Liu Q, You N, Lu F, Pan H, Lu P, Wang J, Lu W, Zhu L, Martinez L (2021). Glycemic trajectories and treatment outcomes of new tuberculosis patients: a prospective study in Eastern China. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 204 (3): 347-356.
Martinez L, Lo N, Cords O, et al ( 2019). Paediatric Tuberculosis Transmission Outside the Household: Challenging Historical Paradigms to Inform Future Public Health Strategies. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 7 (6), 544-552. (Co-first).
Martinez L, le Roux DM, Barnett W, Nicol MP, Zar HJ (2018). Tuberculin Skin Test Conversion and Primary Progressive Tuberculosis Disease in the First Five Years of Life: A Birth Cohort Study from Cape Town, South Africa. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health. 2(1), 46–55.
Martinez L, Sekandi JN, Castellanos ME, et al (2016). Infectiousness of HIV-seropositive Patients with Tuberculosis in a High-burden African Setting. The American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 194 (9), 1152–1163.
Martinez L, et al (2017). Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Households and the Community: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. American Journal of Epidemiology. 185 (12), 1327–1339.