Leonardo Martinez, PhD, MPH
Assistant Professor
Boston University School of Public Health
Dept of Epidemiology

PhD, University of Georgia
MPH, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine

Pronouns: he/him/his

Leo Martinez joined the Department of Epidemiology at Boston University in 2021. He completed his doctorate in epidemiology at the University of Georgia and a postdoctoral fellowship at Stanford University School of Medicine.

Dr. Martinez uses epidemiological and quantitative approaches to study early-life risk factors for pediatric tuberculosis in high-burden settings, tuberculosis transmission dynamics in high-risk populations (e.g., prisoners, persons living with HIV or diabetes), and the relationship between tuberculosis and non-communicable diseases.

Dr. Martinez's lab is currently working with colleagues and collaborators in South Africa, China, Brazil, Paraguay, Uganda, and the United Kingdom. We believe that collaboration across professional disciplines, backgrounds, and perspectives is the key to solving intractable health issues and the lab welcomes discussions with others working on these same health issues.

Dr. Martinez has published manuscripts in clinical and epidemiological journals such as The Lancet, The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, The Lancet Global Health, The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, The Lancet Public Health, the American Journal of Respiratory Care & Critical Medicine, the European Respiratory Journal, JAMA Internal Medicine, Clinical Infectious Diseases, the American Journal of Epidemiology, amongst others. A list of major publications is listed below but a full list can be seen in the publications tab on this profile page.

Selected Publications:
Martinez L, Cords O, Horsburgh CR, Andrews JR, Pediatric TB Contact Studies Consortium. The risk of tuberculosis in children after close exposure: a systematic review and individual-participant meta-analysis (2020). The Lancet. 395, 973-984. (IF: 60.4)

Walter K†, Martinez L†, Arakaki-Sanchez D, Sequera G, Estigarribia G, Cohen T, Ko A, García-Basteiro A, Rueda ZV, Lopez Olarte R, Espinal M, Croda J, Andrews JR (2021). The escalating tuberculosis crisis in Central and South American prisons. The Lancet. (†Co-first). [Online Only]. (IF: 60.4)

Martinez L, Shen Y, Handel A, Chakraburty S, Stein C, Malone L, Boom WB, Quinn FD, Joloba ML, Whalen CC, Zalwango S (2018). Effectiveness of WHO’s Pragmatic Screening Algorithm for Child Contacts of Tuberculosis Cases in Resource-Constrained Settings: A Prospective Cohort Study in Uganda. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. 6 (4), 276–286. (IF: 25.094)

Cords O†, Martinez L†, Warren J, O'Marr JM, Walter KS, Cohen T, Zheng J, Ko AI, Croda J, Andrews JR. Incidence and Prevalence of Tuberculosis in Incarcerated Populations: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (2021). The Lancet Public Health. (†Co-first). [Online Only]. (IF: 16.292)

Liu Q, You N, Lu F, Pan H, Lu P, Wang J, Lu W, Zhu L, Martinez L (2021). Glycemic trajectories and treatment outcomes of new tuberculosis patients: a prospective study in Eastern China. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. [Online Only]. (IF: 17.452)

Martinez L, Lo N, Cords O, Hill PC, Khan P, Hatherill M, Mandalakas A, Kay A, Croda J, Horsburgh CR, Zar HJ, Andrews JR (2019). Paediatric Tuberculosis Transmission Outside the Household: Challenging Historical Paradigms to Inform Future Public Health Strategies. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 7 (6), 544-552. (Co-first). (IF: 25.094)

Martinez L, le Roux DM, Barnett W, Nicol MP, Zar HJ (2018). Tuberculin Skin Test Conversion and Primary Progressive Tuberculosis Disease in the First Five Years of Life: A Birth Cohort Study from Cape Town, South Africa. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health. 2(1), 46–55. (IF: 8.5)

Liu Q, Lu P, Shen Y, Li C, Wang K, Zhu L, Lu W, Martinez L (2020). Collateral Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Tuberculosis Control in Jiangsu Province, China. Clinical Infectious Diseases. [Online Only]. (IF: 9.1)

Martinez L, Sekandi JN, Castellanos ME, Zalwango S, Whalen CC (2016). Infectiousness of HIV-seropositive Patients with Tuberculosis in a High-burden African Setting. The American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 194 (9), 1152–1163. (IF: 17.452)

Martinez L, Verma R, Croda J, Horsburgh CR, Walter KS, Degner N, Middelkoop K, Koch A, Hermans S, Warner D, Wood R, Cobelens F, Andrews JR (2019). Detection, Survival, and Infectious Potential of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the Environment: A Review of the Evidence and Epidemiological Implications. European Respiratory Journal, 27; 53 (6). (IF: 12.2)

Martinez L, Woldu H, Chen C, Castellanos ME, Lu P, Liu Q, Whalen CC, Zhu L (2021). Transmission Dynamics in Tuberculosis Patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 32 Observational Studies. Clinical Infectious Diseases. [Online Only]. (IF: 9.1).

2020 International Union Against Tuberculosis & Lung Disease: The Union Young Investigator Prize
2020 American Thoracic Society, Assembly on Pulmonary Infections & Tuberculosis : Rising Star Award
2019 University of Washington: Tuberculosis Research & Training Center TB Junior Investigator Award
2017 LSHTM, University of Cape Town, International Union Against Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, Lancet: Stephen Lawn TB-HIV Research Leadership Prize

Identifying effective and efficient approaches to tuberculosis screening in Brazilian prisons
01/21/2021 - 12/31/2025 (PI)
NIH/National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases


Yr Title Project-Sub Proj Pubs

Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.

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  1. Ge Y, Chen Z, Handel A, Martinez L, Xiao Q, Li C, Chen E, Pan J, Li Y, Ling F, Shen Y. The impact of social distancing, contact tracing, and case isolation interventions to suppress the COVID-19 epidemic: A modeling study. Epidemics. 2021 Jul 13; 36:100483. PMID: 34284227; PMCID: PMC8275486; DOI: 10.1016/j.epidem.2021.100483;
  2. Harries AD, Martinez L, Chakaya JM. Reply to: Climate change and TB: the soil and seed conceptual framework. Public Health Action. 2021 Jun 21; 11(2):109. PMID: 34159073; PMCID: PMC8202629; DOI: 10.5588/pha.21.0032;
  3. Lu P, Liu Q, Zhou Y, Martinez L, Kong W, Ding X, Peng H, Zhu T, Zhu L, Lu W. Predictors of Discordant Tuberculin Skin Test and QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-tube Results in Eastern China: A Population-based, Cohort Study. Clin Infect Dis. 2021 06 01; 72(11):2006-2015. PMID: 32369577; DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciaa519;
  4. You N, Pan H, Zeng Y, Lu P, Zhu L, Lu W, Liu Q, Martinez L. A risk score for prediction of poor treatment outcomes among tuberculosis patients with diagnosed diabetes mellitus from eastern China. Sci Rep. 2021 May 27; 11(1):11219. PMID: 34045573; PMCID: PMC8160203; DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-90664-y;
  5. Xu M, Lu W, Li T, Li J, Du W, Wu Q, Liu Q, Yuan B, Lu J, Ding X, Li F, Liu M, Chen B, Pu J, Zhang R, Xi X, Zhou R, Mei Z, Du R, Tao L, Martinez L, Lu S, Wang G, Zhu F. Sensitivity, specificity, and safety of a novel ESAT6-CFP10 skin test for tuberculosis infection in China: two randomized, self-controlled, parallel-group phase 2b trials. Clin Infect Dis. 2021 May 22. PMID: 34021314; DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciab472;
  6. Ncayiyana JR, Martinez L, Goddard E, Myer L, Zar HJ. Prevalence and Correlates of Vitamin D Deficiency among Young South African Infants: A Birth Cohort Study. Nutrients. 2021 Apr 29; 13(5). PMID: 33946851; PMCID: PMC8146842; DOI: 10.3390/nu13051500;
  7. Mandalakas AM, Hesseling AC, Kay A, Du Preez K, Martinez L, Ronge L, DiNardo A, Lange C, Kirchner HL. Tuberculosis prevention in children: a prospective community-based study in South Africa. Eur Respir J. 2021 04; 57(4). PMID: 33122339; PMCID: PMC8060782; DOI: 10.1183/13993003.03028-2020;
  8. Walter KS, Martinez L, Arakaki-Sanchez D, Sequera VG, Estigarribia Sanabria G, Cohen T, Ko AI, García-Basteiro AL, Rueda ZV, López-Olarte RA, Espinal MA, Croda J, Andrews JR. The escalating tuberculosis crisis in central and South American prisons. Lancet. 2021 Apr 24; 397(10284):1591-1596. PMID: 33838724
  9. Cords O, Martinez L, Warren JL, O'Marr JM, Walter KS, Cohen T, Zheng J, Ko AI, Croda J, Andrews JR. Incidence and prevalence of tuberculosis in incarcerated populations: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Public Health. 2021 05; 6(5):e300-e308. PMID: 33765455; PMCID: PMC8168455; DOI: 10.1016/S2468-2667(21)00025-6;
  10. Harries AD, Martinez L, Chakaya JM. Tackling climate change: measuring the carbon footprint of preventing, diagnosing and treating TB. Public Health Action. 2021 Mar 21; 11(1):40. PMID: 33777720; PMCID: PMC7987244; DOI: 10.5588/pha.20.0076;
Showing 10 of 66 results. Show More

This graph shows the total number of publications by year, by first, middle/unknown, or last author.

Bar chart showing 66 publications over 9 distinct years, with a maximum of 18 publications in 2021

In addition to these self-described keywords below, a list of MeSH based concepts is available here.

Infectious Diseases
HIV Infection
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