Anuj Mehta, MD
Postdoctoral Fellow (previously held)
Boston University Chobanian & Avedisian School of Medicine
Pulmonary, Allergy, Sleep & Critical Care Medicine

My main area of research interest is health-services and comparative effectiveness research in ICU outcomes. One major area of focus involves outcomes of patients receiving mechanical ventilation in the hospital. Our goal is to define the epidemiology of this group of critically ill patients over the last 2 decades and see how important hospital outcome measures such as mortality and length of stay have changed. We are looking at disease-specific mortality rates over times to see if there have been improvements for some conditions and not others. Our goal is to be able to identify practice pattern variation based on cause of respiratory failure and see how this variation is associated with outcomes.
Another major research focus is defining the epidemiology of tracheostomy utilization over time among patients receiving mechanical ventilation. We are investigating how outcomes such as mortality, discharge home, and length of stay are associated with timing of tracheostomy in the real world setting. Furthermore, we are attempting to determine what factors influence decisions related to proceeding with early tracheostomy as well as hospital-level variation in early tracheostomy utilization.

Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.

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  1. Day GL, Mehta AB. From Detection to Understanding: Sedation Practices as a Mechanism for Disparities in Patients Receiving Mechanical Ventilation. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2024 Apr; 21(4):549-550. PMID: 38557419; PMCID: PMC10995547; DOI: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.202401-121ED;
  2. Mehta AB, Lockhart S, Lange AV, Matlock DD, Douglas IS, Morris MA. Drivers of Decision-Making for Adult Tracheostomy for Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation: A Qualitative Study. medRxiv. 2024 Jan 21. PMID: 38293156; PMCID: PMC10827243; DOI: 10.1101/2024.01.20.24301492;
  3. Fuchita M, Blaine C, Keyworth A, Morfin K, Primi B, Ridgeway K, Stake N, Watson H, Matlock D, Mehta AB. Perspectives on Sedation Among Interdisciplinary Team Members in ICU: A Survey Study. Crit Care Explor. 2023 Sep; 5(9):e0972. PMID: 37670739; PMCID: PMC10476798; DOI: 10.1097/CCE.0000000000000972;
  4. Mehta AB, Matlock DD, Shorr AF, Douglas IS. Healthcare Trajectories and Outcomes in the First Year After Tracheostomy Based on Patient Characteristics. Crit Care Med. 2023 Dec 01; 51(12):1727-1739. PMID: 37638787
  5. Mehta AB, Douglas IS, Battaglia C, Wynia MK. Utilization of Hospital Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders in Older Adults During COVID-19 Surges in 2020. J Palliat Med. 2024 Feb; 27(2):201-208. PMID: 37616551; PMCID: PMC10908317; DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2023.0277;
  6. Mehta AB, Taylor JK, Day G, Lane TC, Douglas IS. Disparities in Adult Patient Selection for Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in the United States: A Population-Level Study. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2023 Aug; 20(8):1166-1174. PMID: 37021958; PMCID: PMC10405618; DOI: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.202212-1029OC;
  7. Rai K, Douglas IS, Mehta AB. Association of Hospital Mortality With Initiation of Mechanical Ventilation on a Weekend: A Retrospective Cohort Study. J Intensive Care Med. 2023 Dec; 38(12):1136-1142. PMID: 37357730
  8. Day GL, Havranek EP, Campbell EG, Mehta AB. Applying Intersectionality to Better Characterize Healthcare Disparities for Critically Ill Adults. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2023 Jun 15; 207(12):1639-1641. PMID: 37074149; PMCID: PMC10273110; DOI: 10.1164/rccm.202301-0153LE;
  9. Lange AV, Mehta AB, Bekelman DB. How Important is Spirometry for Identifying Patients with COPD Appropriate for Palliative Care? J Pain Symptom Manage. 2023 Mar; 65(3):e181-e187. PMID: 36423798; PMCID: PMC10998735; DOI: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2022.11.016;
  10. Law AC, Stevens JP, Choi E, Shen C, Mehta AB, Yeh RW, Walkey AJ. Days out of Institution after Tracheostomy and Gastrostomy Placement in Critically Ill Older Adults. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2022 03; 19(3):424-432.View Related Profiles. PMID: 34388080; PMCID: PMC8937225; DOI: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.202106-649OC;
Showing 10 of 33 results. Show More

This graph shows the total number of publications by year, by first, middle/unknown, or last author.

Bar chart showing 33 publications over 9 distinct years, with a maximum of 6 publications in 2016 and 2021 and 2023


2007 Cornell University: MD: Class Speaker, Class President, James Blankenship Scholar, Class Advocate Award
2007 Cornell University: Magna Cum Laude, Phi Beta Kappa
In addition to these self-described keywords below, a list of MeSH based concepts is available here.

ICU Outcomes Comparative Effectiveness Research
Contact for Mentoring:

72 East Concord Street, R-304
Boston MA 02118
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