Anuj Mehta, MD
Postdoctoral Fellow
Boston University School of Medicine
Dept of Medicine
Pulmonary, Allergy, Sleep & Critical Care Medicine




My main area of research interest is health-services and comparative effectiveness research in ICU outcomes. One major area of focus involves outcomes of patients receiving mechanical ventilation in the hospital. Our goal is to define the epidemiology of this group of critically ill patients over the last 2 decades and see how important hospital outcome measures such as mortality and length of stay have changed. We are looking at disease-specific mortality rates over times to see if there have been improvements for some conditions and not others. Our goal is to be able to identify practice pattern variation based on cause of respiratory failure and see how this variation is associated with outcomes.
Another major research focus is defining the epidemiology of tracheostomy utilization over time among patients receiving mechanical ventilation. We are investigating how outcomes such as mortality, discharge home, and length of stay are associated with timing of tracheostomy in the real world setting. Furthermore, we are attempting to determine what factors influence decisions related to proceeding with early tracheostomy as well as hospital-level variation in early tracheostomy utilization.

2007 Cornell University: MD: Class Speaker, Class President, James Blankenship Scholar, Class Advocate Award
2007 Cornell University: Magna Cum Laude, Phi Beta Kappa
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.

  1. Mehta AB, Weinstein Z, Walkey AJ. The Untold Toll of the Opioid Crisis on Intensive Care Units in the United States. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2017 Dec; 14(12):1763-1765.View Related Profiles. PMID: 29192818.
  2. Mehta AB, Douglas IS, Walkey AJ. Evidence-based Utilization of Noninvasive Ventilation and Patient Outcomes. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2017 Nov; 14(11):1667-1673.View Related Profiles. PMID: 28541747.
  3. Chu DC, Mehta AB, Walkey AJ. Practice Patterns and Outcomes Associated With Procalcitonin Use in Critically Ill Patients With Sepsis. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Jun 01; 64(11):1509-1515.View Related Profiles. PMID: 28329238; DOI: 10.1093/cid/cix179;.
  4. Mehta AB, Cooke CR, Douglas IS, Lindenauer PK, Wiener RS, Walkey AJ. Association of Early Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders with Unplanned Readmissions among Patients Hospitalized for Pneumonia. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2017 Jan; 14(1):103-109.View Related Profiles. PMID: 27753520; DOI: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201608-617OC;.
  5. Mehta AB, Cooke CR, Wiener RS, Walkey AJ. The authors reply. Crit Care Med. 2016 Dec; 44(12):e1261-e1262.View Related Profiles. PMID: 27858835.
  6. Mehta AB, Douglas IS, Walkey AJ. Reply: Hospital Noninvasive Ventilation for Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Another Look at the Same Coin. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2016 Dec; 13(12):2279-2280.View Related Profiles. PMID: 27925793.
  7. Mehta AB, Douglas IS, Walkey AJ. Hospital Noninvasive Ventilation Case Volume and Outcomes of Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2016 Oct; 13(10):1752-1759.View Related Profiles. PMID: 27404021.
  8. Mehta AB, Cooke CR, Wiener RS, Walkey AJ. Hospital Variation in Early Tracheostomy in the United States: A Population-Based Study. Crit Care Med. 2016 Aug; 44(8):1506-14.View Related Profiles. PMID: 27031382; PMCID: PMC4949074; DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000001674;.
  9. Mehta AB, Syeda SN, Bajpayee L, Cooke CR, Walkey AJ, Wiener RS. Trends in Tracheostomy for Mechanically Ventilated Patients in the United States, 1993-2012. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2015 Aug 15; 192(4):446-54.View Related Profiles. PMID: 25955332; PMCID: PMC4595669; DOI: 10.1164/rccm.201502-0239OC;.
  10. Mehta AB, Syeda SN, Wiener RS, Walkey AJ. Epidemiological trends in invasive mechanical ventilation in the United States: A population-based study. J Crit Care. 2015 Dec; 30(6):1217-21.View Related Profiles. PMID: 26271686; PMCID: PMC4628853; DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2015.07.007;.

This graph shows the total number of publications by year, by first, middle/unknown, or last author.

Bar chart showing 10 publications over 3 distinct years, with a maximum of 4 publications in 2016 and 2017

YearPublications
20152
20164
20174
In addition to these self-described keywords below, a list of MeSH based concepts is available here.

ICU Outcomes Comparative Effectiveness Research
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72 East Concord Street, R-304
Boston MA 02118
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