Keywords
Last Name

Cara Stepp, PhD

TitleAssistant Professor
InstitutionBoston University School of Medicine
DepartmentOtolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery
Address635 Commonwealth Ave
Boston MA
 Awards and Honors

Start-EndDescription
2015-2020National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) award
2014-2017Boston University: Junior Faculty Fellow, Hariri Institute for Computing and Computational Science and Engineering
2013-2013American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Research Mentoring-Pair Travel Award
2013-2013Boston University: Clinical and Translational Science Institute K-L2 Fellowship
2012-2015Boston University: Peter Paul Career Development Professorship
2012-2012American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Award for Early Career Contributions in Research
2011-2011NSF Neural Engineering Travel Award
2009-2009American Society of Neurorehabilitation (ASNR) Presidential Award
 Research Expertise & Professional Interests
Dr. Stepp is the director of the STEPP LAB for Sensorimotor Rehabilitation Engineering at Boston University. Her research uses engineering tools to rehabilitate disordered sensorimotor function of voice and speech. Her long-term research goal is to extend current and novel therapeutic advances to the speech system, improving current treatment alternatives.

 Publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. MacPherson MK, Abur D, Stepp CE. Acoustic Measures of Voice and Physiologic Measures of Autonomic Arousal during Speech as a Function of Cognitive Load. J Voice. 2016 Dec 06. PMID: 27939119.
    View in: PubMed
  2. McKenna VS, Heller Murray ES, Lien YS, Stepp CE. The Relationship Between Relative Fundamental Frequency and a Kinematic Estimate of Laryngeal Stiffness in Healthy Adults. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2016 Dec 01; 59(6):1283-1294. PMID: 27936279.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Heller Murray ES, Mendoza JO, Gill SV, Perkell JS, Stepp CE. Effects of Biofeedback on Control and Generalization of Nasalization in Typical Speakers. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2016 Oct 1; 59(5):1025-1034. PMID: 27701628.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Cler MJ, Lien YS, Braden MN, Mittelman T, Downing K, Stepp CE. Objective Measure of Nasal Air Emission Using Nasal Accelerometry. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2016 Oct 1; 59(5):1018-1024. PMID: 27618145.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Cler MJ, Nieto-Castañón A, Guenther FH, Fager SK, Stepp CE. Surface electromyographic control of a novel phonemic interface for speech synthesis. Augment Altern Commun. 2016 Jun; 32(2):120-30. PMID: 27141992.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Lien YA, Calabrese CR, Michener CM, Murray EH, Van Stan JH, Mehta DD, Hillman RE, Noordzij JP, Stepp CE. Voice Relative Fundamental Frequency Via Neck-Skin Acceleration in Individuals With Voice Disorders. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2015 Oct; 58(5):1482-7. PMID: 26134171.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Anand S, Stepp CE. Listener Perception of Monopitch, Naturalness, and Intelligibility for Speakers With Parkinson's Disease. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2015 Aug; 58(4):1134-44. PMID: 26102242.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Lien YA, Michener CM, Eadie TL, Stepp CE. Individual Monitoring of Vocal Effort With Relative Fundamental Frequency: Relationships With Aerodynamics and Listener Perception. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2015 Jun; 58(3):566-75. PMID: 25675090.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Murray ES, Hands GL, Calabrese CR, Stepp CE. Effects of Adventitious Acute Vocal Trauma: Relative Fundamental Frequency and Listener Perception. J Voice. 2016 Mar; 30(2):177-85. PMID: 26028369.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Cler MJ, Stepp CE. Discrete Versus Continuous Mapping of Facial Electromyography for Human-Machine Interface Control: Performance and Training Effects. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2015 Jul; 23(4):572-80. PMID: 25616053.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Perrachione TK, Stepp CE, Hillman RE, Wong PC. Talker identification across source mechanisms: experiments with laryngeal and electrolarynx speech. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2014 Oct; 57(5):1651-65. PMID: 24801962.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Varghese LA, Mendoza JO, Braden MN, Stepp CE. Effects of spectral content on Horii Oral-Nasal Coupling scores in children. J Acoust Soc Am. 2014 Sep; 136(3):1295. PMID: 25190402.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Hands GL, Stepp CE. Effect of age on human-computer-interface control via neck electromyography. Interact Comput. 2016 Jan; 28(1):47-54. PMID: 26924895.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Lien YA, Gattuccio CI, Stepp CE. Effects of phonetic context on relative fundamental frequency. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2014 Aug; 57(4):1259-67. PMID: 24686466.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Britton D, Benditt JO, Merati AL, Miller RM, Stepp CE, Boitano L, Hu A, Ciol MA, Yorkston KM. Associations between laryngeal and cough dysfunction in motor neuron disease with bulbar involvement. Dysphagia. 2014 Dec; 29(6):637-46. PMID: 25037590.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Lien YA, Stepp CE. Comparison of voice relative fundamental frequency estimates derived from an accelerometer signal and low-pass filtered and unprocessed microphone signals. J Acoust Soc Am. 2014 May; 135(5):2977-85. PMID: 24815277.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Hands GL, Larson E, Stepp CE. Effects of augmentative visual training on audio-motor mapping. Hum Mov Sci. 2014 Jun; 35:145-55. PMID: 24529925.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Malloy JR, Valentin JC, Hands GL, Stevens CA, Langmore SE, Noordzij JP, Stepp CE. Visuomotor control of neck surface electromyography in Parkinson's disease. NeuroRehabilitation. 2014; 35(4):795-803. PMID: 25318778.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Smith DJ, Varghese LA, Stepp CE, Guenther FH. Comparison of steady-state visual and somatosensory evoked potentials for brain-computer interface control. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2014; 2014:1234-7. PMID: 25570188.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Cler MJ, Nieto-Castanon A, Guenther FH, Stepp CE. Surface electromyographic control of speech synthesis. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2014; 2014:5848-51. PMID: 25571326.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Cler MJ, Michener CM, Stepp CE. Discrete vs. continuous surface electromyographic interface control. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2014; 2014:4374-7. PMID: 25570961.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Thorp EB, Larson E, Stepp CE. Combined Auditory and Vibrotactile Feedback for Human-Machine-Interface Control. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2014 Jan; 22(1):62-8. PMID: 23912500.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Thorp EB, Virnik BT, Stepp CE. Comparison of nasal acceleration and nasalance across vowels. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2013 Oct; 56(5):1476-84. PMID: 23838984.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Larson E, Terry HP, Canevari MM, Stepp CE. Categorical vowel perception enhances the effectiveness and generalization of auditory feedback in human-machine-interfaces. PLoS One. 2013; 8(3):e59860. PMID: 23527278.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Rombokas E, Stepp CE, Chang C, Malhotra M, Matsuoka Y. Vibrotactile sensory substitution for electromyographic control of object manipulation. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2013 Aug; 60(8):2226-32. PMID: 23508245.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Stepp CE. Relative fundamental frequency during vocal onset and offset in older speakers with and without Parkinson's disease. J Acoust Soc Am. 2013 Mar; 133(3):1637-43. PMID: 23464033.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Eadie TL, Stepp CE. Acoustic correlate of vocal effort in spasmodic dysphonia. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2013 Mar; 122(3):169-76. PMID: 23577569.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Hands GL, Larson E, Stepp CE. The role of augmentative visual training in auditory human-machine-interface performance. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2013; 2013:2804-7. PMID: 24110310.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Lien YA, Stepp CE. Automated estimation of relative fundamental frequency. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2013; 2013:2136-9. PMID: 24110143.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Stepp CE, Sawin DE, Eadie TL. The relationship between perception of vocal effort and relative fundamental frequency during voicing offset and onset. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2012 Dec; 55(6):1887-96. PMID: 22615477.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Stepp CE, An Q, Matsuoka Y. Repeated training with augmentative vibrotactile feedback increases object manipulation performance. PLoS One. 2012; 7(2):e32743. PMID: 22384283.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Stepp CE. Surface electromyography for speech and swallowing systems: measurement, analysis, and interpretation. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2012 Aug; 55(4):1232-46. PMID: 22232412.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Britton D, Yorkston KM, Eadie T, Stepp CE, Ciol MA, Baylor C, Merati AL. Endoscopic assessment of vocal fold movements during cough. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2012 Jan; 121(1):21-7. PMID: 22312924.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Larson E, Terry HP, Stepp CE. Audio-visual feedback for electromyographic control of vowel synthesis. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012; 2012:3600-3. PMID: 23366706.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Thorp EB, Virnik BT, Stepp CE. Normalization strategies for nasal acceleration to assess velopharyngeal function. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012; 2012:6459-62. PMID: 23367408.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Stepp CE, Matsuoka Y. Vibrotactile sensory substitution for object manipulation: amplitude versus pulse train frequency modulation. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2012 Jan; 20(1):31-7. PMID: 21997322.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Stepp CE, Matsuoka Y. Object manipulation improvements due to single session training outweigh the differences among stimulation sites during vibrotactile feedback. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2011 Dec; 19(6):677-85. PMID: 21984521.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Stepp CE, Oyunerdene N, Matsuoka Y. Kinesthetic motor imagery modulates intermuscular coherence. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2011 Dec; 19(6):638-43. PMID: 21984522.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Stepp CE, Merchant GR, Heaton JT, Hillman RE. Effects of voice therapy on relative fundamental frequency during voicing offset and onset in patients with vocal hyperfunction. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2011 Oct; 54(5):1260-6. PMID: 21498578.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Stepp CE, Heaton JT, Stadelman-Cohen TK, Braden MN, Jetté ME, Hillman RE. Characteristics of phonatory function in singers and nonsingers with vocal fold nodules. J Voice. 2011 Nov; 25(6):714-24. PMID: 21216129.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Stepp CE, Chang C, Malhotra M, Matsuoka Y. Vibrotactile feedback aids EMG control of object manipulation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2011; 2011:1061-4. PMID: 22254496.
    View in: PubMed
  42. An Q, Matsuoka Y, Stepp CE. Multi-day training with vibrotactile feedback for virtual object manipulation. IEEE Int Conf Rehabil Robot. 2011; 2011:5975337. PMID: 22275542.
    View in: PubMed
  43. An Q, Asama H, Stepp CE, Matsuoka Y. Uncontrolled manifold analysis of standing-up motion for development of an assistance system. IEEE Int Conf Rehabil Robot. 2011; 2011:5975447. PMID: 22457901.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Stepp CE, Hillman RE, Heaton JT. Modulation of neck intermuscular Beta coherence during voice and speech production. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2011 Jun; 54(3):836-44. PMID: 21106697.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Stepp CE, Heaton JT, Jetté ME, Burns JA, Hillman RE. Neck surface electromyography as a measure of vocal hyperfunction before and after injection laryngoplasty. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2010 Sep; 119(9):594-601. PMID: 21033026.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Stepp CE, Hillman RE, Heaton JT. The impact of vocal hyperfunction on relative fundamental frequency during voicing offset and onset. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2010 Oct; 53(5):1220-6. PMID: 20643798.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Stepp CE, Hillman RE, Heaton JT. A virtual trajectory model predicts differences in vocal fold kinematics in individuals with vocal hyperfunction. J Acoust Soc Am. 2010 May; 127(5):3166-76. PMID: 21117765.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Stepp CE, Heaton JT, Braden MN, Jetté ME, Stadelman-Cohen TK, Hillman RE. Comparison of neck tension palpation rating systems with surface electromyographic and acoustic measures in vocal hyperfunction. J Voice. 2011 Jan; 25(1):67-75. PMID: 20347260.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Stepp CE, Hillman RE, Heaton JT. Use of neck strap muscle intermuscular coherence as an indicator of vocal hyperfunction. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2010 Jun; 18(3):329-35. PMID: 20083462.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Stepp CE, Matsuoka Y. Relative to direct haptic feedback, remote vibrotactile feedback improves but slows object manipulation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2010; 2010:2089-92. PMID: 21095683.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Stepp CE, Heaton JT, Rolland RG, Hillman RE. Neck and face surface electromyography for prosthetic voice control after total laryngectomy. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2009 Apr; 17(2):146-55. PMID: 19304494.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Kubert HL, Stepp CE, Zeitels SM, Gooey JE, Walsh MJ, Prakash SR, Hillman RE, Heaton JT. Electromyographic control of a hands-free electrolarynx using neck strap muscles. J Commun Disord. 2009 May-Jun; 42(3):211-25. PMID: 19233382.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Stepp CE, Heaton JT, Hillman RE. Post-laryngectomy speech respiration patterns. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2008 Aug; 117(8):557-63. PMID: 18771069.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Goldstein EA, Heaton JT, Stepp CE, Hillman RE. Training effects on speech production using a hands-free electromyographically controlled electrolarynx. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2007 Apr; 50(2):335-51. PMID: 17463233.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Stepp CE, Voss SE. Acoustics of the human middle-ear air space. J Acoust Soc Am. 2005 Aug; 118(2):861-71. PMID: 16158643.
    View in: PubMed
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