Eleanor J. Murray, ScD
Assistant Professor
Boston University School of Public Health
Dept of Epidemiology

ScD, Harvard School of Public Health
MPH, Columbia University School of Public Health

Pronouns: she/her/hers

I am currently an assistant professor of epidemiology at Boston University School of Public Health. My research is on causal inference methodology for improving evidence-based decision-making by patients, clinicians, and policy makers. I use novel statistical methods to answer comparative effectiveness questions for complex and time-varying treatments using observational data and randomized trials when available, and individual-level simulation modeling when insufficient data exist in the time frame required for decision-making. I am currently applying these methods to a variety of medical conditions including HIV progression, cancer, psychiatric conditions, and cardiovascular disease. I was previously a postdoctoral research fellow in Epidemiology at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, working on causal inference for comparative effectiveness and real-world evidence in the HSPH Program on Causal Inference. I have an ScD in Epidemiology and MSc in Biostatistics from Harvard, an MPH in Epidemiology from Columbia Mailman School of Public Health, and a BSc in Biology from McGill University.

2016 Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health: Excellence in Teaching Award
2009 Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University: Anna C Gelman Award for Excellence in Epidemiology

Partial Meniscectomy vs Nonoperattive Management in Meniscal Tear with OA: An RCT
09/05/2020 - 08/31/2024 (Subcontract PI)
The Brigham and Women's Hospital, Inc. NIH NIAMS

Safe introduction of a new surgical device with the device briefing tool and surgical safety checklist
08/01/2021 - 12/31/2021 (Subcontract PI)
President and Fellows of Harvard College dba Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health Med Dvcs&Diag GS LLC

HPV vaccination efficacy for cervical cancer prevention in young women with perinatal HIV infection
05/01/2019 - 09/30/2021 (PI)
NIH/National Institute of Child Health & Human Development

Diversity Supplement Partial Meniscectomy vs. Nonoperative Mgmt. in Meniscal Tear with OA: an RCT
07/01/2021 - 08/31/2021 (Subcontract PI)
The Brigham and Women's Hospital, Inc. NIH NIAMS


Yr Title Project-Sub Proj Pubs

Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.

iCite Analysis       Copy PMIDs To Clipboard

  1. Molino AR, Andersen KM, Sawyer SB, Ðoàn LN, Rivera YM, James BD, Fox MP, Murray EJ, D'Agostino McGowan L, Jarrett BA. The Expert Next Door: A Commentary on Interactions with Friends and Family During the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic. Am J Epidemiol. 2021 Oct 07.View Related Profiles. PMID: 34618006; PMCID: PMC8513408; DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwab245;
  2. Westreich D, Edwards JK, Tennant PWG, Murray EJ, van Smeden M. Choice of Outcome in COVID-19 Studies and Implications for Policy: Mortality and Fatality. Am J Epidemiol. 2021 Oct 06. PMID: 34613347; PMCID: PMC8513401; DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwab244;
  3. Murray EJ, Marshall BDL, Buchanan AL. Emulating Target Trials to Improve Causal Inference From Agent-Based Models. Am J Epidemiol. 2021 08 01; 190(8):1652-1658. PMID: 33595053; PMCID: PMC8484776; DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwab040;
  4. Fox MP, Carr K, D'Agostino McGowan L, Murray EJ, Hidalgo B, Banack HR. Will Podcasting and Social Media Replace Journals and Traditional Science Communication? No, but... Am J Epidemiol. 2021 08 01; 190(8):1625-1631.View Related Profiles. PMID: 34089048
  5. Escandón K, Rasmussen AL, Bogoch II, Murray EJ, Escandón K, Popescu SV, Kindrachuk J. COVID-19 false dichotomies and a comprehensive review of the evidence regarding public health, COVID-19 symptomatology, SARS-CoV-2 transmission, mask wearing, and reinfection. BMC Infect Dis. 2021 Jul 27; 21(1):710. PMID: 34315427; PMCID: PMC8314268; DOI: 10.1186/s12879-021-06357-4;
  6. D'Agostino McGowan L, Grantz KH, Murray E. Quantifying Uncertainty in Mechanistic Models of Infectious Disease. Am J Epidemiol. 2021 07 01; 190(7):1377-1385. PMID: 33475686; PMCID: PMC7929394; DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwab013;
  7. Caniglia EC, Murray EJ, Hernán MA, Shahn Z. Estimating optimal dynamic treatment strategies under resource constraints using dynamic marginal structural models. Stat Med. 2021 10 15; 40(23):4996-5005. PMID: 34184763
  8. Barnard-Mayers R, Childs E, Corlin L, Caniglia EC, Fox MP, Donnelly JP, Murray EJ. Assessing knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards causal directed acyclic graphs: a qualitative research project. Eur J Epidemiol. 2021 Jul; 36(7):659-667.View Related Profiles. PMID: 34114186
  9. Tennant PWG, Murray EJ, Arnold KF, Berrie L, Fox MP, Gadd SC, Harrison WJ, Keeble C, Ranker LR, Textor J, Tomova GD, Gilthorpe MS, Ellison GTH. Use of directed acyclic graphs (DAGs) to identify confounders in applied health research: review and recommendations. Int J Epidemiol. 2021 05 17; 50(2):620-632.View Related Profiles. PMID: 33330936; PMCID: PMC8128477; DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyaa213;
  10. Buchanan AL, Bessey S, Goedel WC, King M, Murray EJ, Friedman SR, Halloran ME, Marshall BDL. Disseminated Effects in Agent-Based Models: A Potential Outcomes Framework and Application to Inform Preexposure Prophylaxis Coverage Levels for HIV Prevention. Am J Epidemiol. 2021 05 04; 190(5):939-948. PMID: 33128066; PMCID: PMC8096482; DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwaa239;
Showing 10 of 58 results. Show More

This graph shows the total number of publications by year, by first, middle/unknown, or last author.

Bar chart showing 58 publications over 14 distinct years, with a maximum of 19 publications in 2021


Recent (within 3 months)

COVID Booster? But I Only Just Got Vaccinated!

MedPage Today 10/20/2021

And the 2021 Nobel Prizes go to men... so far

Reuters 10/8/2021

3 Experts on What Fall and Winter Mean for the Delta Variant's Spread

Self Magazine 10/6/2021

A massive study from Israel suggests older adults were far less likely to develop severe COVID-19 after a booster shot, but the finding carries major limitations

Insider 9/15/2021

America needs to decide how much Covid-19 risk it will tolerate

Vox 9/7/2021


As U.S. promotes booster shots against Covid, moral questions arise over vaccine equity

NBC News 8/19/2021

Vaccine Effectiveness Against Infection May Wane, C.D.C. Studies Find

The New York Times 8/18/2021

As U.S. promotes booster shots against Covid, moral questions arise over vaccine equity

NBC News 8/18/2021

Everything You Need to Know About COVID-19 Booster Shots

Healthline 8/18/2021

Covid Live Updates: Vaccines’ protection against virus infection is waning, C.D.C. studies suggest.

The New York Times 8/18/2021

Booster shots won’t stop the delta variant. Here’s the math to prove it.

The Washington Post 8/12/2021

How The Pandemic Now Ends

The Atlantic 8/12/2021

Expert shares equation that shows even a 100% vaccination rate is not enough to stop Delta variant

ABC 7 News 8/12/2021

COVID booster shots won’t stop the delta variant. Here’s the math to prove it

Tampa Bay Times 8/12/2021

Will COVID vaccine booster shots be needed? It's likely, experts say, but the immunocompromised should be prioritized.

USA Today 8/7/2021

The Fundamental Question Of The Pandemic Is Shifting

The Atlantic 6/9/2021

Nahid Bhadelia to Head New BU Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases Policy and Research

BU Today 5/18/2021

Experts divided on CDC’s loosened mask recommendations

The Boston Globe 5/13/2021

Vaccinated Americans May Go Without Masks in Most Places, Federal Officials Say

The New York Times 5/13/2021

Beer, bouquets and free rounds at a gun range: How local governments promote vaccines

The Washington Post 5/6/2021

I’m an epidemiologist. Here’s what I got wrong about covid.

The Washington Post 4/20/2021

The U.S. Virus Battle Skews Younger

Bloomberg 4/1/2021

US coronavirus cases have dropped 70% in the last six weeks. Experts chalk it up to more immunity and better behavior.

Business Insider 2/26/2021

Should we be more careful outdoors as Covid-19 variants spread?

Vox 2/26/2021

The Health 202: The Biden administration is waving money at a dozen states to expand Medicaid

The Washington Post 2/16/2021

Four reasons experts say coronavirus cases are dropping in the United States

The Washington Post 2/14/2021

Superspreader Sunday?

The New York Times 2/3/2021

The data gaps in the fight against COVID-19: Experts point out what we still don’t know

PolitiFact 2/3/2021

The experts are sounding warnings about coronavirus variants. Here’s what you need to know.

The Boston Globe 2/2/2021

Why some coronavirus variants are more contagious—and how we can stop them

National Geographic 1/27/2021

CDC Officials Say Schools Can Reopen—If They Take These COVID-19 Precautions

SELF Magazine 1/27/2021

Coronavirus deaths rising in 30 US states amid winter surge

Associated Press 1/18/2021

Once you and your friends are vaccinated, can you quit social distancing?

Vox 1/12/2021

The Health 202: Recovered coronavirus patients should still get the vaccine, experts say

The Washington Post 1/11/2021

Epidemiologists Urge A Cautious Christmas, After Thanksgiving Surge in Some States

NPR 12/21/2020

Epidemiologists Urge A Cautious Christmas, After Thanksgiving Surge in Some States

NPR 12/21/2020

Live Blog: As Christmas approaches, virus experts look for lessons from Thanksgiving

The New York Times 12/20/2020

Americans are stockpiling cleaning supplies again, even though research suggests COVID-19 does not primarily spread through surfaces. Experts say that's okay.

Business Insider 12/12/2020

CDC’s new Covid quarantine guidance criticized for addressing the wrong problem

CNBC 12/4/2020

Covid Live Updates: San Francisco Bay Area Sets Stay-At-Home Order; CDC Says Some Reinfection Is Expected

NBC Connecticut 12/4/2020

Inside the controversial rise of a top Twitter COVID-19 influencer

Fast Company 12/2/2020

US braces for post-Thanksgiving Covid surge as 100,000 are hospitalized

The Guardian 12/2/2020

Avoid Holiday Travel Or Get Tested Twice For Covid-19, CDC Says

Forbes 12/2/2020

“Whoa!” “I’m crying!” “Worrisome!” “Buckle up!” The swift, complicated rise of Eric Feigl-Ding and his Covid tweet threads

Neiman Lab 11/30/2020

Pandemic Data Are About to Go Sideways

The Atlantic 11/26/2020

Are Your Choices Making the Pandemic Worse?

POLITICO 11/25/2020

Covid’s Cassandra: The Swift, Complicated Rise of Eric Feigl-Ding

Undark Magazine 11/25/2020

Epidemiologist Says Restricting Small Gatherings Isn’t Enough To Stop The Surge

NPR 11/24/2020

Small Gatherings Spread the Virus, but Are They Causing the Surge?

The New York Times 11/23/2020

Here’s why a negative COVID-19 test doesn’t guarantee you can safely gather on Thanksgiving

The Boston Globe 11/18/2020

How to Minimize Covid Risk and Enjoy the Holidays

Shondaland 11/17/2020

America Locks Down From Atlantic to Pacific as Covid Rages

Bloomberg 11/16/2020

Unsure How to Celebrate the Holidays in a Pandemic?

BU Today 11/12/2020

Why the Pfizer and BioNTech vaccine is a cause for optimism – and skepticism

Vox 11/10/2020

Coronavirus cases exceed 100,000 in one day for the first time, even as the nation is split on the pandemic vs. the economy

The Washington Post 11/4/2020

Trump rallies led to more than 700 Covid deaths, study says

The Independent 11/2/2020

Study links Trump rallies to more than 700 Covid deaths

Politico 10/31/2020

Why the Hydroxychloroquine Myth Persists

Self 10/29/2020

A No-Excuses Guide to Wearing and Caring for Face Masks

Medium Elemental 10/27/2020

US is poised to enter into its worst stretch yet of the pandemic

The Boston Globe 10/24/2020

America is poised to enter into its worst stretch yet of the pandemic

The Washington Post 10/23/2020

How Long Does COVID-19 Immunity Last? Here’s Exactly What We Know

SELF Magazine 10/12/2020

How Long Does COVID-19 Immunity Last? Here’s Exactly What We Know

SELF Magazine 10/12/2020

As Mass. Schools Reopen, Teachers Are On The Move Again. Some See A Public-Health Risk

WBUR 10/7/2020

Vice-Presidential Debate: Live Updates as Harris and Pence Prepare to Clash

The New York Times 10/7/2020

Hugs, handshakes, and few masks: A Rose Garden Supreme Court announcement packed with Covid-19 red flags

STAT 10/3/2020

Just How Safe Is Biden?

The Atlantic 10/2/2020

What Does ‘Close Contact’ Really Mean?

Inside Higher Ed 10/2/2020

Just How Safe Is Biden?

The Atlantic 10/1/2020

FAQ: What you need to know about masks and covid-19

The Washington Post 9/30/2020

How the 6-Feet Rule Can Lead Us Astray

Slate 9/30/2020

Your guide to returning to the gym safely – and in style

CNN 9/23/2020

9 experts reflect on the US reaching 200,000 Covid-19 deaths

Vox 9/23/2020

200,000 Americans are now confirmed dead from Covid-19

Vox 9/22/2020

CDC director seeks to clarify mask comments after Trump rebuke

The Hill 9/16/2020

CDC director seeks to clarify mask comments after Trump rebuke

The Hill 9/16/2020

Before You Engage A Vaccine Skeptic, Here’s What You Need To Know

HuffPost 9/10/2020

America Is Trapped in a Pandemic Spiral

The Atlantic 9/9/2020

When Should You Get the Flu Shot? How Does COVID-19 Coronavirus Affect This?

Forbes 9/7/2020

How Your Labor Day Blast Could Make Pandemic Life Worse in the Fall

The New York Times 9/6/2020

In Sign of Progress, Fewer Than 1% of New York’s Virus Tests Are Positive

The New York Times 9/6/2020

Coronavirus Updates: West Point Football Stadium Holds Season Opener in Front of Thousands of Spectators

Gothamist 9/5/2020

Fauci Warns Seven Midwest States to Be on Alert Over Labor Day

Bloomberg 9/3/2020

Not Wearing A Mask Is Like Smoking Near A Pregnant Woman

Forbes 8/28/2020

What the Botched School Reopenings Taught Us, and How to Do It Better

Medium Elemental 8/28/2020

r/IAmA Series

Reddit AMA 8/27/2020

Local public health experts slam new CDC testing guidelines

The Boston Globe 8/27/2020

Mass. stays course on testing, despite shift in federal guidelines

The Boston Globe 8/27/2020

Coronavirus spreads indoors. Can air purifiers help?

Vox 8/19/2020

This Executive Took a Road Trip. Then An Epidemiologist Rated Her Every Move

Medium Elemental 8/19/2020

Flu Shot Now Required For All Mass. Students

WBUR 8/19/2020

Frozen Chicken Wings Tested Positive for Coronavirus-Should You Care?

SELF Magazine 8/18/2020

Does Coronavirus Immunity Actually Only Last for 3 Months?

SELF Magazine 8/18/2020

Anti-maskers explain themselves

Vox 8/7/2020

CDC Forecasts Up to 11,000 Deaths Weekly in August

WebMD 8/4/2020

Life Is Now a Game of Risk. Here’s How Your Brain Is Processing It.

Medium Elemental 8/4/2020

Daily COVID-19 Death Toll Surpasses 1,000 for First Time Since May

New York Magazine 7/22/2020

The Pandemic Isn’t Over. We Need to Act Accordingly

SELF 7/22/2020

Amid rising coronavirus deaths, Trump paints a rosy picture of America’s present and future

The Washington Post 7/22/2020

Power Up: Trump breaks with health officials as pandemic worsens in key states

The Washington Post 7/13/2020

Coronavirus deaths are rising in hotspots

Axios 7/7/2020

‘The Urine Test’ Helps Explain The Importance of Wearing Masks—Humorously

Newsweek 7/6/2020

Students on visas must take in-person college classes or risk deportation, ICE says

Miami Herald 7/6/2020

Socializing During Coronavirus: What to Know and How to Reduce Risks

Teen Vogue 6/30/2020

What Doctors Want You To Know About the Potential Link Between COVID-19 and Blood Type

Well and Good 6/24/2020

Sweden’s Coronavirus Failure Started Long Before the Pandemic

Foreign Policy 6/23/2020

The new Covid-19 spikes are “totally predictable”

Vox 6/12/2020

Dealing With Coronavirus Anxiety After a Protest

Medium Invisible Illness 6/7/2020

What public health experts want critics to know about why they support the protests

Vox 6/6/2020

How to Protest Safely And Stop The Spread Of Coronavirus

Esquire 6/2/2020

How Protesters Can Minimize Their Risk of Catching and Spreading the Coronavirus

Slate 6/1/2020

Mass protests could undo hard-won progress in pandemic

Politico 6/1/2020

Lessons from the lockdown – and what comes next

Axios 6/1/2020

A Guide to Protesting During a Pandemic

Medium Coronavirus Blog 6/1/2020

How to more safely protest in a pandemic

Vox 5/31/2020

Without Extra Help, Boston Gyms Face Grim Futures Long Before Phase Three

Boston Magazine 5/29/2020

Older and immunocompromised people don’t deserve to be second-class citizens

Vox 5/28/2020

How an Immunology Blog Became a Covid-19 Guide to Going Out

Wired 5/26/2020

How to weigh the risk of going out in the coronavirus pandemic, in one chart

Vox 5/22/2020

Your Very Detailed Guide to Safely Staying in a Rental House

Medium Elemental 5/22/2020

Your Very Detailed Guide to Safe Summer Road Trips

Medium Elemental 5/21/2020

How chaos theory helps explain the weirdness of the Covid-19 pandemic

VOX 5/20/2020

Cities are experimenting with more space for people, less room for cars

Marketplace 5/19/2020

Planes, Trains, and Automobiles: How to Travel Safely During Covid-19

Medium Elemental 5/19/2020

“Since the reopening of (Georgia), we’ve seen our COVID rate skyrocket by 40%.”

Politifact 5/15/2020

4 Reasons State Plans to Open Up May Backfire — And Soon

Vox 5/9/2020

Quarantine fatigue has set in – and some of us seem to be social distancing scofflaws

The Boston Globe 5/4/2020

Why even a super-accurate Covid-19 test can fail

Vox 5/2/2020

The coronavirus curve bends toward reopening in hard-hit counties. Will it hold steady?

USA Today 4/24/2020

The Coronavirus Curve Bends Toward Reopening in Hard-Hit Counties. Will it Hold Steady?

USA Today 4/24/2020

A Skeptic’s Guide To Ecologic Studies During A Pandemic

Forbes 4/22/2020

What’s the Difference Between Social Distancing, Quarantine, and Isolation?

Self 4/17/2020

Simple Science Communication Helps Ease Fears and Spread Good Information During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Massive Science 4/16/2020

‘Exhausting.’ ‘Very Strange.’ What It’s Like to Be an Epidemiologist Right Now.

The Chronicle of Higher Education 3/23/2020

‘Exhausting.’ ‘Very Strange.’ What It’s Like to Be an Epidemiologist Right Now

The Chronicle of Higher Education 3/23/2020

Here’s Exactly Where to Get Accurate Coronavirus News

SELF Magazine 3/3/2020

Fury Over 'Disgusting' Scientific Paper That Judged Women Battling Endometriosis On Their LOOKS

Daily Mail 8/15/2019
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